Cozy vs. Koozie

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A follow-up to our Bunnyhug vs. Hoodie debate, our Marketing Lead, Renee McMillan, discusses beverage insulators, in Cozy vs. Koozie.

This is a topic that comes up every summer when we add a new cozy to our collection here at CANTERRA SEEDS. Yes, I said it, “cozy!”  Like the hoodie, it’s insulated and designed to keep something nice and “COZY”!

For some of you (probably in Saskatchewan), you might know it as a “koozie”, which is a trademark – like Kleenex or Band-aid. I get it, but by that logic all trucks are Fords, all hamburgers are Big Macs and all tractors are green...  I, like many people, hate being told by big companies what to call something – can you pass me the facial tissue please? 😉

Cozy is the one term that makes sense from a linguistic standpoint, such as a tea cozy or a snug little insulator for whatever else you want to keep hot or cold. But if you first learned of it as a koozie and that's what everyone around you calls it, it's a koozie. Peer pressure is a real thing.

Whatever you may call this beverage container and brilliant invention - can hugger, beer sleeve, beer jacket, brewski blazer (I may change my mind here, this is awesome), can cooler, coolie, or stubby holder (oh, those Australians*) be sure to stop by our tent at Ag in Motion (July 16-18, 2019) to grab one from our collection.

In closing, I just want to point out the obvious. The single most important job a cozy does for someone is to identify one's beverage from another and that’s why it’s important to have to coolest one. CANTERRA SEEDS has got you (and your cold beverage) covered.

Beat the heat at #AIM19.

*Disclaimer: In Australia, the beverage insulator is called a stubby holder because local beer was traditionally sold in 375 mL bottles colloquially known as "stubbies," due to their short, squat appearance in comparison to the alternative packaging of 750 mL bottles and 300-375 mL longneck bottles commonly used for beer imported from North America and Europe. Most Australian domestic beers have now adopted longneck bottles and/or aluminium cans ("tinnies") for their 375 mL packaging, and 750 mL bottles are now sold much less commonly than was the case historically.


What Difference Can $5,000 Make to Your Community?

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This summer, CANTERRA SEEDS and ADAMA Canada are giving away $5,000 at our Success Tours across Western Canada. It’s easy to become eligible to win! Just register for one of our Success Tours at CANTERRASUCCESS.COM, come to the tour, and fill out an entry form!

With so many charitable organizations in need of funding, the opportunities to use the $5,000 prize is endless. Here are some ideas to put in your back pocket for if YOU are the winner:

Your Local Community Centre/Rink

We all know that rural community centres are always looking for funding to help keep programs and activities available for the children and residents of the community. Use the $5,000 to help fundraise for that new Zamboni, repair the playground, or upgrade the kitchen appliances used for fall suppers.

Local Animal Rescues

Some rural animal rescues are experiencing a rise in abandoned pets and are operating over capacity. Use the $5,000 to help treat animals and find them their fur-ever home.

Local Youth and Family Services

CANTERRA SEEDS has been a supporter of Bushels for Broken Arrow over the last couple of years, helping fund Broken Arrow Youth Ranch in southern Saskatchewan (Read about it here: Another Win for Bushels for Broken Arrow and CANTERRA SEEDS). Find a youth or family services program in your area, or use it towards similar family-based programs, like daycares.

Food Banks Canada

Feed hungry mouths in your community by donating to Food Banks Canada. You can find your local branch here:


It costs $5,400 to help make one patient’s mission possible, giving someone access to emergency medical care in their moment of need. Help save one life with a $5,000 donation to STARS.

Hopefully this sparks some ideas! We hope to see you at a tour this summer!


5 Reasons Why Canola = Canada

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1. Canola has the best and most diverse genetics.


2. Canada is the single biggest producer of canola. More than 21 million tonnes of canola were produced in 2017.


3. Canola oil doesn’t solidify in the fridge – just like how Canadians can bare cold winters.


4. Canola oil is versatile with its neutral flavour – just think about how friendly and neutral Canada is.


5. The name means ‘Canadian oil’, eh?


Happy Canada Day from all of us at CANTERRA SEEDS!


NEWS: Corn and Soybean Farmers to Benefit from Partnership

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For Immediate Release

June 11, 2019

WINNIPEG – Farmers in Western Canada will now have access to the PRIDE Seeds portfolio of hybrid corn, soybean seeds and agronomic resources only through the CANTERRA SEEDS retailer network in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

“As we grow our business across Canada, our promise has been to enable more farmers to truly experience the advantage of PRIDE Seeds,” says Doug Alderman, Vice President of Sales and Marketing with PRIDE Seeds. “That means providing high-performance seed corn hybrids and soybean varieties together with the highest standards of customer service. Our partnership with CANTERRA SEEDS allows us to deliver on that promise for more farmers by leaning on the strength of their established, professional team.”

CANTERRA SEEDS offers farmers the most comprehensive seed portfolio in Western Canada and this partnership with PRIDE Seeds will allow them to expand their line of silage corn hybrids, grain corn hybrids and soybeans with a company and product line with a proven record.

“CANTERRA SEEDS was founded by farmers, for farmers. And just like farmers want to work with those who share their values, we want to partner with companies that share ours, and we have found that in PRIDE Seeds,” says David Hansen, CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS. “We are excited for our customers to see how this partnership will further our commitment to bringing them a full product seed line.”

As cutting-edge research brings earlier-maturing seed corn hybrids and soybean varieties onto the market, Western Canadian farmers have huge opportunities for acreage growth in these crops to boost their profitability and expand crop rotations.

To effectively take advantage of these opportunities, CANTERRA SEEDS and PRIDE Seeds both recognize how crucial it is for farmers to have access to seed with a demonstrated record of success growing under Prairie conditions.

PRIDE Seeds conducts annual WATCH Trials (Western Advanced Testing & Commercialization Hub) in partnership with farmers across the Prairies. These trials put corn hybrids through their paces in the Western Canadian environment, generating accurate performance results based on actual farming practices and growing conditions to help farmers make informed purchasing decisions.

“The continued growth of corn and soybeans in Western Canada, and the demand from our customers for the best genetics and performance to fuel that growth, is the reason CANTERRA SEEDS originally partnered with PRIDE Seeds three years ago,” says Hansen. “I believe this new relationship shows that we have proven ourselves to each other, and our customers.”

Visit or to learn more about this partnership and how PRIDE Seeds corn and soybeans can work for your farm.


PRIDE Seeds – PRIDE Seeds is part of AgReliant Genetics, one of the largest seed businesses in Canada. Our commitment is to provide high performance quality corn, soybean and forage varieties and associated services to farmers across the country.

CANTERRA SEEDS – CANTERRA SEEDS produces, markets and sells Western Canada's most diverse portfolio of top-quality field crop seed, cultivated with local investments in plant breeding, access to a global network of germplasm and traits, and a commitment to seed that goes back to our roots as a grower-owned company.

Backed by the strength and support of over 200 shareholders, investors such as Ceres Global Ag and Limagrain, and partners like PRIDE Seeds and Meridian Seeds, our market reach extends across Western Canada and in the U.S. Northern Great Plains with a full product portfolio of leading-edge varieties in canola, wheat, oats, barley, corn, peas, soybeans and specialty crops.

For interviews, please contact:

Krista Gagne
Communications Lead
201 - 1475 Chevrier Blvd.
Winnipeg, MB, R3T 1Y7
(204) 988-9751



Countdown to Success Site Tours

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Success Sites

Every year, CANTERRA SEEDS holds tours at our Success Sites, giving growers, retailers and industry representatives a chance to learn something new and see the top-quality products that CANTERRA SEEDS offers.

With one of the broadest seed portfolios in Western Canada, our Success Sites boast up to 63 varieties and up to 10 crop types. Really, there is something for everyone! From cereals, canola and corn to pulses, soybeans and specialty crops like flax and canary seed.

See below for a sneak peek of our Success Sites in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Tours start on July 16th and visitors will enjoy plenty of food, beverages and other exciting activities. Everyone is welcome!

To register for a tour, visit CANTERRASUCCESS.COM.

Ag in Motion Success Site (Northwest of Saskatoon, SK)

Tours: July 16-18, 2019

Hosted during the Ag in Motion Outdoor Farm Expo, these Success Tours will showcase 32 varieties in 10 crop types. This site is managed by PAMI, a third-party collaborator.

Site Progress:

Our Ag in Motion Success Site was seeded on Thursday, May 16th, with irrigation (first pass) on Tuesday, May 21st. Keep an eye out for our next progress update for more details!

AIM Seeding 2019

Portage Success Site (near Portage la Prairie, MB)

Tour: Thursday, July 25, 2019

Our largest demo site in Western Canada, with 63 varieties and 10 crop types! This site is managed by our Field Research Agronomist, Surjit Bawa.

Site Progress:

As of May 13th, with the completion of corn planting, this Success Site is done for seeding on all crop types except edible beans. Crops continue to emerge!

Portage May 22 2019

Portage May Seeded Corn 2019 - Copy

Portage May 23 2019


Olds Success Site (near Olds, AB)

Tour: Wednesday, July 31, 2019

This tour will feature 24 varieties and 7 crop types. The site is being managed by the research and field team from Olds College Centre for Innovation.

Site Progress:

The Olds site was seeded on Wednesday, May 22nd. Check our next Behind the Seeds Success Site post for further updates!



Songs For The Seeder

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Seeding is underway in most parts of Western Canada. With long days ahead in the cab, CANTERRA SEEDS wants to make it a little bit more enjoyable with our 2019 "Songs for the Seeder" playlist! Listen to the playlist below now, or save it to your Spotify profile for another day.

Blues-rock not your thing? Try out our 2018 Songs for the Seeder playlists below!

2018 Songs for the Seeder - Classic Crowd

2018 Songs for the Seeder - New School


Happy planting!



Don’t Let Fusarium Upset Your Season

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Help maintain Canada’s reputation for quality cereals and protect your investments by taking a proactive approach to managing fusarium head blight (FHB) and the presence of mycotoxins, such as deoxynivalenol (DON), in your wheat, barley and oat crops.

Commonly known as vomitoxin, DON can be produced when the fungal disease FHB infects cereal crops. As most importing countries have strict limits on DON levels, its presence can limit grain’s end uses and marketing potential.

To preserve crop marketing opportunities and keep Canada’s markets open for all, Cereals Canada recommends wheat, barley and oat growers take the following steps to manage fusarium:

  • Grow fusarium-resistant varieties.
  • Apply a fungicide when there is an elevated risk of FHB.
  • Plan crop rotations to allow ample time for crop residue to decompose.
  • Plant clean seed and consider a seed treatment in high-risk areas to improve the crop stand.
  • Use a combination of disease management best practices to control fusarium.

We are all in this together and growers like you play an important role in managing risk. Help maintain Canada’s reputation for quality and protect your investments by keeping it clean this growing season. By doing your part to keep your wheat, barley and oat crops market-ready, you help keep markets open for all. For more information, visit


Sulfur Important for Corn Production

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Article provided by PRIDE Seeds.
Written by Drew Thompson, PRIDE Seeds Market Development Agronomist

The vast majority of producers understand the need/importance of sulfur for optimal corn yields, and most are targeting a ratio of 10-12:1 for N:S. This means that for every 10-12 lb/ac of N applied to their corn crop, they will aim to have 1 lb/ac of sulfur - so an N rate of 180 lb/ac would have 15-20 lb/ac of sulfur.

This seems to be the standard recommendation in Ontario, and while some data suggests the need for more or less, I think this rate should be adequate for most situations. For fields with very low (<2%) organic matter (OM), there may be a positive economic response to slightly higher sulfur rates (maybe an 8:1 ratio). A rough rule of thumb is that for every 1% OM there is 100 lb/ac of S. The activity of soil microbes will release some of this sulfur (much the same as with N) but when the starting pool is low, higher rates from 'outside' sources may be required (either fertilizer or organic sources - i.e. manure).

And while there is a good understanding around the need and rate of sulfur, there is some confusion (including my own) as when best to apply this nutrient.

As mentioned above, there is a tremendous pool of sulfur in the soil OM, but it typically isn't released until later when the soil microbes are more active. This suggests the need for some sulfur fertility early. However, the plant-available form of sulfur is sulfate (S04-) which is an anion and prone to leaching, which means early applications may be lost to heavy spring rains.

To address the above 'riddle', I did some reading with the goal of better understanding when the corn crop needs sulfur. An article from CropLife1 helped provide some clarity.

Sulfur-Uptake-Chart-451x360-CropLifeSource: CropLife Media Group

The sulfur uptake graph shows that only a small amount of sulfur is needed when the crop is small and likely this demand can easily be met with just about any method of starter fertilizer - a bit of sulfur in a liquid pop-up, some sulfur in the mix for a 2x2 band (MESZ, ammonium sulfate), etc. At about the V7-V8 stage, the demand for sulfur rapidly increases and continues until maturity. As mentioned above, soil OM can release sulfur later in the growing season, which suggests that the 'crucial' period to ensure adequate fertilizer-based sulfur is most likely during the rapid vegetative growth stage, after V7-V8.

With this knowledge, below are a few of my thoughts on how sulfur could be incorporated into different fertilizer application strategies.

  • For growers who apply all of their fertilizer up-front, my suggestion would be to work at the higher end of the sulfur application range, to try and offset potential leaching losses. The sulfur can be fully applied in the starter band or with the bulk nitrogen (liquid or dry) or some combination. I wouldn't recommend this strategy on low OM soils.
  • For growers who split their N applications and side-dress 'early,' a small amount of sulfur will be needed in the starter program and likely most of the sulfur can be applied with the side-dress. I don't see any need to push the sulfur rates in this scenario unless on low OM soils.
  • For growers who split their N and aim for 'later' N applications (Y-drops or late top-ness), there is a good chance that the later N application will be after the crop has entered the 'critical' period for sulfur. So, in these situations, I think the majority of the sulfur should be applied up front. If some additional sulfur will be applied with the later N application, there likely isn't any need to push the sulfur rate, but if the later N application won't include any sulfur then I think the upfront rate should be on the higher side to offset any potential leaching losses.

As with all fertility recommendations, there are always many thoughts/ideas/strategies.

1 3 Key Questions for Sulfur Application, CropLife Media Group.


Tank Mixing Herbicides: Investment or Expense?

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Tank mixing herbicides for improved weed control and resistance management is an investment in crop yield and can lower future costs of weed control on your farm. In my experience, working with farmers for successful weed control includes a main herbicide with the addition of a herbicide tank-mix partner specific to the weeds in a field. The addition of a tank-mix partner improves weed control by additive benefit or synergistic benefit. An additive benefit is where the tank-mix partner controls weeds that are not controlled (or are only suppressed) by the main herbicide in the tank-mix. A synergistic benefit is where the control of a certain weed by the herbicide tank-mix is better than the control rating of either herbicide on its own.

IMG-20190423-WA0000Glyphosate (Group 9) plus dicamba (Group 4) is an example of a herbicide tank-mix. This combination provides a perennial, winter annual, and annual weed control with great results in pre-seed, in-crop (for Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans), and post-harvest applications.  An additive benefit of dicamba in this tank-mix would be the control of wild buckwheat. A synergistic benefit of this combination would be the increased control of dandelion. Together, these two herbicides provide resistance management for the weeds that are on both product labels.

Of course, the success of any herbicide use is affected by many factors including herbicide rates, water quality, temperature, moisture conditions, and growth stage of the weeds. Adding the right tank-mix partner to the spray tank can improve effectiveness of weed control under any of these challenging conditions:

Note: Always consult the herbicide label and your Agrologist.

  • Herbicide rates in a tank-mix: Adding too much of one partner could antagonize the weed control of the other. Not adding enough of one could lead to poor control of key weeds in the field.
  • Water quality: Soil particulates, high bicarbonate levels, and pH are examples of spray tank water quality issues that can have a negative effect on your success. Using an improved water source and/or a water conditioner as well as a tank-mix partner that is not affected by poor water quality can lead to improved performance.
  • Ambient temperature: All herbicides work best when applied within the ideal temperature window listed on the label. Temperatures below or above the ideal window will have a negative affect on your herbicide application. Ambient temperature issues within one or two hours (or in some cases, days) of the actual application of your tank-mix can have a negative effect on your weed control. A tank-mix partner effective on key weed issues in the field can improve control when label conditions are present at application.
  • Moisture conditions: Under dry conditions, weeds may not be actively growing, and/or a thick waxy cuticle may be building up on the leaves, making it difficult for the herbicides to penetrate the leaf surface. Improved performance can occur when using a tank-mix partner that is effective under these conditions. As well, proper water rates and a droplet size that gives the best coverage on the leaves are always important factors in success under these conditions. When rain events occur often, using a tank-mix partner with a short rainfast time can be more effective.
  • Proper growth stage of the weeds: Weeds outside the proper growth stage (early or late) on the herbicide label has a huge effect on efficacy. Adding a tank-mix partner that compliments the primary herbicide in the spray tank by expanding the growth stage window of application on target weeds can improve overall weed control.

Tank-mixing herbicides is a valuable risk management tool for your farm. Whether you are looking for improved weed control and/or herbicide resistance management, it is my experience that using an effective tank-mix partner can help you improve the bottom-line on your farm.

August 2018_DuaneDuane Briand is the CANTERRA SEEDS Territory Manager for Northcentral Alberta. Duane has been a Professional Agrologist for over 22 years and is a Licensed Pesticide Applicator. He resides in Wetaskiwin, AB with his family.

Ad-2019-04-09-Canterra-10.5x7.5-Bunge & Viterra.jpg

Crush it - with clearfield canola!

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Take advantage of high demand and premiums offered on CANTERRA SEEDS Clearfield® canola.

CS2500 CL and CS2200 CL can be contracted at Bunge locations.

Learn more about these hybrids that rival any high yielding competitor out there - CS2500 CLCS2200 CL

Seed is in good supply. Find a dealer near you here - Seed locator.

Bunge Harrowby - Clearfield® Production Contract

  • $35.00/MT Non GMO Premium over Bunge Harrowby Canola Basis
    • Additional $5.00/MT Acreage Bonus when contracting 640 or more acres
  • Growers must select a minimum of two delivery periods
    • Based on 35 BU/acre (0.8 MT/acre) production
  • Maximum 50% delivery September 2019 – January 2020
  • 35 BU/ac by Aug. 31, 2020 guaranteed movement
  • Act of God clause
Bunge Chart

To sign a contract, please contact Bunge Harrowby directly at 1-800-665-0499.


Phytophthora Root Rot in Soybeans

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As we approach seeding season, it’s time for those growing soybeans to start thinking about keeping an eye out for soybean diseases, like Phytophthora root rot. The dry weather last year in many parts of Western Canada kept soybean diseases at bay, but it doesn’t mean that the threat isn’t there for 2019.

In 2017, 35% of Manitoba soybean fields tested positive for the presence of Phytophthora rot.1 With the threat of Phytophthora root rot on the rise, here is how you can identify and control the disease if it makes its way onto your fields.

What is Phytophthora Root Rot and What Causes It?

The primary causal agent, Phytophthora sojae is a fungal-like pathogen that survives in soil for up to five to 10 years. Soybean is the only known crop host for this pathogen.

Phytophthora root rot is favourable to extended wet and warm soil conditions, especially saturated soil early in the growing season. It can occur on heavy, poorly drained or compacted soils, and the ideal temperature for infection is between 15 and 27°C.

How to Identify Phytophthora Root Rot

Since Phytophthora can attack soybeans at any time during the growing season, it’s important to continually scout your field for symptoms. Once infected, it may take several weeks for above-ground symptoms to become evident.

2rrEarly Season Symptoms

  • Infected seeds become dark brown and soft to mushy
  • In the seedling stage:
    • Infected stems appear bruised and are soft
    • Secondary roots are rotted
    • Leaves turn yellow and brown
    • Plants can wilt and die

Mid or Late Season Symptoms

  • Brown lesions on the roots
  • Roots rot and degrade
  • Dark brown discolouration on the stem, extending from the soil line
  • Leaves turn yellow, wilt and typically stay attached after plant death

Plants may die throughout the season, and they are often killed in patches or in sections of rows.

How to Control Phytophthora Root Rot

  1. At the beginning of the season, try to reduce the likelihood of saturated soil by taking steps to increase drainage where possible.
  2. Grow a Phytophthora-resistant variety. CANTERRA SEEDS offers two varieties from PRIDE Seeds that are resistant to this disease:
    PS 0044 XRN – protects against Phytophthora Rps 1k gene.
    PS 0068 XR – protects against Phytophthora Rps 1c gene.
  3. Seed treatment with fungicides and activity against Phytophthora.
  4. Crop rotation can be helpful, as successive years of soybeans on the same fields may increase damage potential.
  5. Tillage may help, as reduced tillage or no-till areas absorb more rainfall and are more easily saturated.

1Source: Manitoba Pulse & Soybean Growers, 2017 Survey of Soybean Root Rot in Manitoba,

Goss Wilt.jpg

Goss’ Wilt in Manitoba: Everything You Need to Know

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Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Nebraskensis (CMN), which is a bit of a mouthful, is more commonly known as Goss’ Wilt. It was first discovered in Manitoba in 2009 near Roland, and in 2013 near Lethbridge and Taber, Alberta. In the next two decades, the bacteria that causes Goss’ Wilt is expected to be in almost every corn field in Western Canada. Unfortunately, the bacteria is hard to get rid of, but the damage it causes is preventable.

Goss WiltGoss’ Wilt has two phases in a corn plant. The first phase is Leaf Blight and the second is wilting of the corn plant. Leaf Blight is all that has been noticed up until now. When scouting your corn fields, keep an eye out for small, dark brown freckles – an early sign of an infected plant. This symptom can be associated with other corn diseases, so check to see if some of the lesions are oozing, which is a specific symptom to Goss’ Wilt. A couple of days after noticing these lesions you will start to see some plants, or a patch, that appears to be drying up. From here, the disease can move very quickly. Within a few weeks, the affected plants can start spreading from the leaves into the stalks and to the healthy plants nearby, especially if there has been excess moisture and dew. 

The causes of Goss’ Wilt are going to be difficult to avoid because Mother Nature controls the initial infection and spreading of the disease from plant to plant, and from field to field, like:

  • Sand blasting
  • Strong winds causing injury or movement of infected soil
  • Hail damage
  • Splashing rain
  • Thunderstorms

According to Vikram Bisht, a plant pathologist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, when Goss’ Wilt is severe it can cause a 40 bu/ac yield loss or 60% loss of yield.1 Just because you find Goss’ Wilt in your field does not immediately mean you will experience yield loss, BUT at least one plant in your field has the disease. The bacteria that causes Goss’ Wilt can survive and reproduce not only on corn, but green foxtail and barnyard grass. This becomes a bigger issue and cause for concern with severe weather events like the ones listed above which spread the bacteria.

Goss Wilt 2If you or your agronomist find Goss’ Wilt in your field, there are a couple of options for management. Unfortunately, fungicide is not an option and will not be effective against Goss’ Wilt. The best options for reducing Goss’ Wilt in your fields are crop rotation and managing your corn residue. Ideally, a field that has been infected by the bacteria that causes Goss’ Wilt should not have corn grown on it for as long as possible. There are also some corn varieties out there that are more tolerant to Goss’ Wilt than others, but with severe damage it is still possible for the plant to develop the disease. Management is very similar to the management of clubroot in canola.

Goss’ Wilt is something we will become more familiar with in Western Canada. In Manitoba from 2011-2013, the disease was confirmed in 80% of the fields inspected.1 Be sure that after severe weather conditions you are scouting your field for this disease and implementing best management practices to reduce your risk. Check out the chart below for which PRIDE Seeds corn varieties (distributed by CANTERRA SEEDS) have very good (VG) Goss’ Wilt tolerance and contact your local CANTERRA SEEDS Territory Manager or retailer with any questions!

Download a copy of the Corn Hybrid Characteristics chart >

Canterra Corn Characteristics

1 Source: Top Crop Manager. Goss’ Wilt Moving In. February 18, 2014. Accessed on April 2, 2019.

August_2018_JackieJackie Dudgeon is the CANTERRA SEEDS Territory Manager for Manitoba. She grew up on a grain farm in southern Manitoba and has been working in the Ag industry for the past 8 years.

Bushels of Praise for New Wheat Variety

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This article was featured in the March 2019 issue of The Grain Exchange, a joint e-newsletter from the Alberta Wheat and Barley Commission. Written by: Geoff Geddes | Word Warrior

Whether launching a new wheat variety or a rocket, the process is similar: Spend years researching and planning, then cross your fingers and hope it takes off. As it turns out, the recent launch of AAC Crossfield by CANTERRA SEEDS in partnership with the Alberta Wheat Commission (AWC) was not only successful; it was historic.

“AAC Crossfield is the first product of the 4-P agreement, and we are very proud of that,” said Tom Steve, general manager of the AWC.

4-P stands for public, private, producer partnership, and the deal itself stands as a ground-breaking collaboration involving Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), AWC and CANTERRA SEEDS.

“This was the first agreement of its kind, as it featured the government, private industry and a producer organization working together on a breeding program to bring new CPSR wheat varieties to farmers,” said Steve.

The partnership is funded by a $3.4-million investment over five years, and if AAC Crossfield is any indication, it is money well spent.

4P Harpinder“It is a higher yielding variety with excellent straw strength,” said Dr. Harpinder Randhawa, a research scientist with AAFC who leads the 4-P breeding program out of Lethbridge. “It offers very good resistance to stripe rust and stem rust, and intermediate resistance to fusarium head blight. Protein level, kernel size and test weight are superb, in the range of the CPS check variety.”

In 2016, 11 years after the initial cross was made, CANTERRA SEEDS started seed production on AAC Crossfield. Most would agree it was worth the wait, and that timeline serves as an important lesson for industry.

Patience before profit

“Launching this variety is a major milestone for the 4-P agreement,” said Brent Derkatch, Director, Pedigreed Seed Business Unit at CANTERRA SEEDS. “Variety development is not about instant gratification. It takes time from a research perspective to breed varieties and get them to the volume of seed required for the commercial marketplace. Now that we have, we’re happy to be at the finish line for this first release.”

With the increased scrutiny of wheat quality in recent years, Derkatch was especially gratified to see the improvement in milling and baking quality with AAC Crossfield.

While those behind this new variety are pleased with what they see, the people who stand to benefit from it are equally impressed.

“CANTERRA SEEDS gave us a demo plot last year of five acres for an on-farm trial,” said Wade McAllister, a fifth generation grain farmer at Antler Valley Farm near Red Deer. “Growing it yourself is the best way to test a variety, and we loved the look of it from day one. We put it in a field of Penhold, seeded them at the same rate, used the same fertilizer and found that AAC Crossfield was much better visually. AAC Crossfield was a bit taller with nice big heads and healthy looking plants.”

Most importantly, the new kid on the block really walked the walk come harvest.

“It yielded exactly 5 bushels/acre more than Penhold, coming in at just under 100 bushels/ acre,” said McAllister. “We plan to put in more acres of AAC Crossfield next year and keep some for seed. If this year’s crop goes well, we will consider switching our wheat acres over to Crossfield.”

At present, AAC Crossfield is under production through CANTERRA SEEDS’ seed grower shareholders, and is expected to hit farmer fields for seeding in the spring of 2019. As thrilling as this launch has been for industry, there is more excitement on the horizon.

Keep it coming

“4-P is not a single variety agreement,” said Derkatch. “We will start seed production on a new midge-tolerant variety – AAC Castle - from the partnership later this year.”

Like Derkatch, his 4-P partners see this as just the start of something special for all concerned.

“We look forward to other varieties emerging from this partnership in the future,” said Steve. “The really meaningful part is that we are able to show how producer investment directly results in new varieties for farmers.”

Producer check-off dollars went into the development of AAC Crossfield, and they will have the opportunity to test it for themselves. In addition, those dollars will generate a strong return on investment for farmers.

“When this variety – and those that follow – comes to market, a share of the royalties goes to AWC for the development of other CPSR varieties,” said Steve. “That means part of the revenue is returning to the people who invested in it, and any way you look at it, that’s a good news story.”


Shareholder Highlight - Meet Carl Huvenaars

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About us

Page Newton, Territory Manager for southern Alberta, dropped in on CANTERRA SEEDS shareholder Carl Huvenaars for our first Shareholder Highlight. Watch the video to meet Carl and learn a little bit more about his business!

If you're looking to purchase pedigreed seed in the Hays, Alberta area in 2019, you can contact Carl's Ag Ventures Ltd. at 403-654-5094.


PAGE: Good afternoon everyone. This is Page Newton, Territory Manager for southern Alberta with CANTERRA SEEDS. Today, I am just east of Hays, Alberta and I have with me, Carl Huvenaars. Carl is a shareholder with CANTERRA SEEDS and we thought we'd pop in for a visit before spring and find out what's happening out here and introduce you to Carl. So, good afternoon Carl!

CARL: How's it going?

PAGE: Not too bad! Thanks so much for spending some time with me today. Just thought I'd ask a few things. You're in the seed business, pedigreed seed business. Tell me a little bit about how long you've been doing it and what attracted you to it?

CARL: I've been a seed retailer for about five years. I've been growing pedigreed for the majority of my farming life, which isn't too long I guess, but our family has always been in the pedigreed side of things. And we've been a CANTERRA grower for three years now - going on four this spring. We're happy with the company and the direction they're headed, and yeah. The use of their seed on this farm has really benefited us.

PAGE: That's wonderful to hear, Carl. So I know you're growing several of our varieties this spring. Can you tell us about some of them?

CARL: Yeah, so we're growing a new Comfort, or, a new green pea, Comfort. Neela flax, which we found really good this last year. And then Congress and Credence durum. And we've been growing Cameron hard wheat as well.

PAGE: Oh, that's wonderful, thank you so much for that. So, what drives you to get up every morning? Where does your passion come from?

CARL: Passion is to serve my customers the best as I can. It's always great to hear when they can get a good crop off of any variety that you can sell them. And have them treated or not, and move them out of the yard as quick as possible. 

PAGE: So is that starting to pick up now? Here we are, the date is March the 14th, so the forecast is for some warmer weather. So is it starting to get busy?

CARL: Yeah, it's getting busy with phone calls. We'll start seeing probably pick-ups in the next three weeks or so, and then it'll be busy for a couple months!

PAGE: It'll be back, it'll be in the ground!

CARL: Yeah! 

PAGE: Well, we wish you all the best for a successful plant '19 and in your future together with CANTERRA SEEDS as one of our very special CANTERRA SEEDS shareholders. Thanks so much Carl.

CARL: Thank you.


Bunnyhug vs. Hoodie

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The snow is starting to melt! It’s perfect hoodie wearing season!! Yes… hoodie, not bunnyhug, not pullover or jumper, poncho or kangaroo jacket… It’s a HOODIE!

Before I get into the specifics of what this garment is called, let me tell you about our contest! A few lucky winners will receive a CANTERRA SEEDS hoodie - just fill out the form below with your contact information and size of sweatshirt before April 15, 2019.


We'll contact the winners by email, and this beauty 👆 will be shipped to your door just in time for spring. (And yes, special preference will be given to those who side with me on the #HoodieVsBunnyhug debate 😉).

For what everyone else in Canada calls a hoodie, the people of Saskatchewan call the no-zipper, front pocket, hooded sweatshirt a bunnyhug! OK, there's no bunny and there is no hugging - have you ever tried to hug a bunny? They are horrible huggers! The hood is quite arguably the best and most differentiating part, and is simply best described as a hoodie.

While there is no consensus for where the term bunnyhug came from, here are some theories:

  • A century ago, there was a bunny overpopulation in Saskatchewan and locals turned the pelts into something that loosely resembled a hoodie today.
  • Back in the 16th century, muffs were designed and lined with bunny fur. The muff would be positioned in the front of a person’s waist, similar to the front pocket of a hoodie today.
  • The name is rooted in dance. The Bunny Hug (not to be confused with the Bunny Hop) was a ‘provocative’ dance popularized in the early 1900’s.

But a good friend of mine, @Lauren_Wenz, once explained it best... it’s called a bunnyhug because the inside fleece is soft like a bunny and wraps around you like a hug. And that is something I can maybe get behind. Overall you have to admire Saskatchewanians, when they stand for something they are all in (insert Roughrider phenomenon reference here).

Whatever you call the hooded sweatshirt, make sure you sign up before April 15th for a chance to win one.

The contest is now closed! Thanks for participating.

Join me next time where I will tackle the dinner vs. supper debate followed by round two of the Cozy vs. Koozie dispute.

Happy Spring Everyone!

- Renee


The Benefits of Extending Your Crop Rotation in Western Canada

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Diversity of crops is critical to be able to farm sustainably here in Western Canada, and to ensure long term profitability. This is easier said than done. As farmers, there are many limiting factors of growing certain crop types in certain regions. For example, in the southern Prairies, many are currently debating what to grow with lack of moisture. In the Peace River region, many are limited because of access to markets. The shorter growing season of Western Canada, especially in the northern Prairies, limits what crop types we can grow. Economics and markets also have a major role in a farmer’s decision on what to grow.

Even with all these barriers, the benefits of extending your crop rotation greatly outweighs the hassle. Farmers who diversify their crop types on farm can see significant benefits, of which are outlined below.


20160715_095826There continues to be increased disease pressure in Western Canada. Clubroot and blackleg in canola, and Fusarium head blight in wheat are a couple examples of diseases that are heavily influenced by crop rotation.

Fusarium and blackleg are diseases that rest in crop residue. By allowing crop residue to decay over a longer period by growing different crops types, it allows the disease to break down and stop spreading.

Clubroot is a unique disease, as it’s a spore that rests throughout the soil and not just in crop residue. Although clubroot spores can remain in the soil for many years, there is much research showing a major reduction in spore load in the first few years by extending your canola rotation. There is some debate in the industry about what the half-life of clubroot spores is, but the message is clear – increasing your crop rotation is imperative for reducing clubroot spores.


Insects love monoculture! Growing the same crop over and over gives these pests a chance to thrive. By providing the ideal habitat to reproduce, insect populations increase rapidly.

An example is flea beetles in canola. Flea beetles are a growing issue in all parts of Western Canada. The only way to control these pests in the growing season is using non-selective insecticides which will also kill all the beneficial insects which feed on other pest insects such as flea beetles. This only compounds the issue of insect problems in a field.

By introducing a different crop, this gives diversity in the ecosystem for other insects to thrive! Farmers who have a good crop rotation in many cases are more likely to avoid the use of insecticide. This is because their fields have developed a diverse environment for a variety of insects to thrive, which in turn allows them to control their own populations.

Weeds and Weed Resistance

Weed problems and weed resistance occurs when you are using the same mode of action to control a species of weeds. Incorporating different crop types allows farmers to use different herbicides with different modes of actions.

But, weed management is not just limited to herbicide use. By growing different crop types, this can limit the establishment of certain weeds. A good example of this is growing a winter cereal such as winter wheat. In many cases, farmers do not need to use a wild oat herbicide in winter wheat because the winter wheat will have a head start to the wild oats. Wild oats germinate at 13 degrees Celsius and will not germinate if the weed detects shade.

Nutrients and Overall Soil Health

Different crop types have different demands on nutrients in the soil. They can help increase organic matter, especially in a minimum tillage situation, and in some cases, a crop type can also add nutrients to soil.

20160722_AAC Carver2_ST-1Incorporating a pulse or legume crop into a crop rotation offers huge benefits to farmers. These crops fix their own nitrogen from the air. This not only reduces a farmer’s fertilizer bill, but also leaves residual nitrogen in the soil for future crops to benefit from.

There is also a significant amount evidence on farms that incorporating pulse crops such as peas helps soil tilth. This means that the soil is less hard, reducing drag on equipment and improving crop establishment and overall crop health.

Overall soil health also improves water absorption (which helps on both wet and dry years), and allows plants to access more of the nutrients in the soil.

In summary, there is no single crop rotation that will fit every field across Western Canada. But the more diversity we can introduce onto our farms, the more you will see benefits. Most of all, the factors above will help reduce long term cost and help improve yields year-over-year!

August 2018_JesseJesse Meyer is the CANTERRA SEEDS Territory Manager for the Peace River Region and has been in the role for 6.5 years. Jesse grew up in the Peace Region and is still involved in the family farm.


5 Simple Tips from Keep it Clean! Help Keep Crops Ready for Market

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Canadian growers work hard to produce crops to the highest standard to meet the expectations of customers around the world. The Canola Council of Canada and Cereals Canada are reminding growers to protect that reputation and quality by following these 5 Simple Tips during the growing season to ensure your crops are ready for domestic and international markets.

keep-it-clean-logoSee the 5 Simple Tips below and visit for more information on each.

TIP #1 – Use Acceptable Pesticides Only
Only apply pesticides that are both registered for use on your crop in Canada and won’t create trade concerns.

Tip #2 – Always Read and Follow the Label
Always follow the label for rate, timing and pre-harvest interval (PHI). Applying pesticides or desiccants without following label directions may result in unacceptable residues.

Tip #3 – Grow Disease-Resistant Varieties and Use Practices that Reduce Infection
Crop diseases like blackleg in canola and fusarium head blight (FHB) in cereals can cause yield and quality losses, impact profitability and may create a market risk.

Tip #4 – Store Your Crop Properly
Proper storage helps to maintain crop quality and keeps the bulk free of harmful cross contaminants.

Tip #5 – Deliver What You Declare
When you sign the mandatory Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your crop is the variety and/or class you have designated.

We all benefit when markets for Canadian crops remain open and stable – let’s all do our part to maintain our reputation as a quality supplier.

Visit to learn more about each of these 5 Simple Tips to keep your crop ready for market!

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The Benefits of TruFlex Canola and How CS2600 CR-T Fits Your Canola Seed Needs

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By now, you should have heard about the exciting new canola system launching in Canada this year. TruFlex™ canola with Roundup Ready® Technology maximizes yield potential by using elite germplasm combined with a second-generation glyphosate-tolerant trait that provides a wider spray window and broader flexibility over glyphosate application rates. This leads to superior weed control and ultimately better yields.  

The Benefits of TruFlexTM Canola


  1. You can increase your spray window up to the first flower stage instead of the 6-leaf stage for original Roundup Ready® canola. This can add an additional time frame of 10 to 14 days to your spray schedule. As farms are getting larger, and weather seems to be getting more unpredictable, this extra time for spraying is becoming increasingly important. 
  2. You can choose your application timing and rates. You have the flexibility to spray two applications of 0.67 L/ac up to first flower or spray 1.33 L/ac of Roundup WeatherMax® once up to the 6-leaf stage.

  3. With increased weed control, you gain a higher yield potential. Improved weed control is the result of application timing flexibility and increased application rate. In TruFlex canola, you can control a wider spectrum of weed species. Spraying original Roundup Ready canola with recommended rates and timing controls 27 weed species. Spraying TruFlex canola with an increased spray window and rate can control 51 species of weeds. A few hard-to-control weeds that can be controlled are wild buckwheat, dandelion, foxtail barley, Canada thistle and cleavers.

  4. Elite germplasm – several years of breeding effort have gone into the development of this first wave of Truflex hybrids, resulting in new breakthroughs for both yield and disease resistance.

How CANTERRA SEEDS’ CS2600 CR-T TruFlex Canola Fits Your Canola Needs

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CANTERRA SEEDS is proud to offer CS2600 CR-T, our first hybrid with TruFlex canola with Roundup Ready Technology. We are one of only a few seed companies with a TruFlex product in its launch year, and CS2600 CR-T will prove to be the most versatile.

Early maturing. Clubroot resistant. Pod shatter tolerance. Great yield. All describe CS2600 CR-T. The following are some features of this exciting new product:

  1. Maturity – early to mid. CS2600 CR-T is 2.5 days earlier in maturity than CS2000 and equal to or one day earlier than 74-44 BL.
  2. Clubroot resistance – clubroot resistant to pathotypes 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 2B, and 5X. This variety has the extra resistance to pathotypes 2B and 5X which a lot of other varieties do not have.
  3. Pod shatter tolerance – CS2600 CR-T is suitable for straight-cutting.
  4. Great yield –112% yield compared to 75-42 CR.*
  5. Growing zone – perfect for the short season zones as well as for clubroot infected areas.
  6. Lodging resistance – very good lodging resistance with a medium height plant.
  7. Blackleg resistance – R-C label for blackleg.

I look forward to seeing how well adapted CS2600 CR-T will be to the northern areas of my territory. With its early maturity, extensive clubroot resistance and straight-cut ability, this canola variety should be exactly what our customers have been asking for in a canola variety.

For more information about CS2600 CR-T, visit our product page or call your local Territory Manager.

For more information on TruFlex canola with Roundup Ready Technology, visit

*Source: n=44. Multi-year small plot breeder trials.

August 2018_JoannaJoanna Forsberg is CANTERRA SEEDS Territory Manager for Western Saskatchewan. She resides in Waldheim, Saskatchewan with her husband Blaine. They have three grown children. Joanna has a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degree from the University of Saskatchewan. After owning her own business for many years in Saskatoon, Joanna was drawn back to working in the agriculture industry about five years ago and has been with CANTERRA SEEDS for almost two years.


ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® technology contains genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Agricultural herbicides containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Roundup Ready®, TruFlexTM  and WeatherMAX® are trademarks of Bayer Group, Monsanto Canada ULC.


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Limagrain Cereals Research Canada to Register First Wheat Varieties

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Support for Registration Marks Key Milestone for Canadian Wheat Breeding

March 5, 2019 – Winnipeg, MB – CANTERRA SEEDS and Limagrain announced today that Limagrain Cereals Research Canada (LCRC) has received support from the Prairie Grain Development Committee to register its first two new wheat varieties. The support for registration of these two new varieties is a milestone for LCRC and marks an important day for Canadian wheat breeding.

“We are thrilled to see these two new varieties supported for registration,” said David Hansen, President and CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS. “This is a watershed moment for LCRC as it focuses on developing new milling wheat varieties that will deliver value to western Canadian farmers. The best from this program is yet to come.”

CANTERRA SEEDS is the exclusive commercialization partner for these two varieties and will have first right of refusal on all future varieties produced by LCRC. Branding and naming for each respective variety will be announced in the near future. Grain classification will be confirmed by the Canadian Grain Commission in the coming weeks.

“The registration of these varieties will be proof that our investment in Canadian wheat breeding is working,” said Tatiana Henry, CEO of Limagrain Cereals Research Canada. “We are proud of this partnership and look forward to working with partners throughout the value chain as these varieties move toward commercialization."

Now in its 4th year of operation, LCRC is focused on providing Canadian farmers improved wheat varieties by accessing superior germplasm, technology and plant breeding knowledge from around the world. LCRC is the first facility of its kind in Canada, and is proof of CANTERRA SEEDS and Limagrain’s long-term commitment to growing Canada’s agriculture industry.

CANTERRA SEEDS seed growers and farmers can expect to hear more about these new varieties in the coming months as CANTERRA SEEDS allocates stock seed for multiplication in 2019, with the aim of a limited-scale commercial launch by 2020. In the meantime, growers are encouraged to learn more by speaking with their local CANTERRA SEEDS representative.

For more information, media may contact:

Krista Gagne
Communications Lead
(204) 988-9751



CANTERRA SEEDS believes farmers deserve the best. Our diverse portfolio of top-quality field crop seed is cultivated with local investments in plant breeding, access to a global network of germplasm and traits, and a commitment to seed that goes back to our roots as a grower-owned company. Owned by western Canadian seed growers and agricultural retailers, Limagrain, Ceres Global Ag and private investors, CANTERRA SEEDS is committed to sourcing genetically superior seed products that deliver agronomic and economic benefits for producers, while also meeting end-user needs. With strategic partnerships around the world, we are proud to produce a versatile portfolio of cereals, pulses and oilseeds designed for success in Western Canada.

About LCRC

In 2015, CANTERRA SEEDS and Limagrain came together as strategic partners to form Limagrain Cereals Research Canada (LCRC), a cereal seed breeding company based in Saskatoon. LCRC is a rapidly growing Canadian company, passionate about using its plant breeding expertise to support the Canadian grains industry. LCRC brings together global germplasm, technology and plant breeding knowledge, with deep market awareness and access, to deliver value to western Canadian growers and their customers.

About the Varieties:

LNR13-0601/BW5056 – a proposed CWRS that offers:

  • High grain yield (similar to AAC Viewfield)
  • Good maturity (similar to Carberry)
  • Good protein content (similar to AAC Viewfield)
  • Excellent rust package (R to stem rust, MR to leaf and stripe rust) and good FHB resistance (I)
  • Good milling and functional quality

LNR14–1299/HY2077 – a proposed CPSR that offers:

  • High grain yield (105% of AAC Penhold)
  • Early maturity (-1d of AAC Foray)
  • Short strong straw (-10cm of AAC Foray)
  • Excellent rust package (R to leaf, stem and stripe rust) and good FHB resistance (I)
  • Good milling and functional quality

LCRC Announcement Growing News 2


Are You Growing the Wrong Canola Variety?

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There are several things to consider when deciding on the right canola variety for your farm. Some place higher priority on shatter tolerance whereas others look more closely at disease resistance, or herbicide tolerance, or contract premium options. The decisive factor for most is what trait, or combination thereof, will allow them to reach their yield aspirations and ultimately give them the best return on investment. Here are some things to consider when looking at each of these variety characteristics:

Shatter Tolerance

A great new innovation in canola breeding that allows growers to delay swath or straight-cut, giving them a new type of flexibility at harvest. Cutting the crop later can prolong development which can lead to higher yield, protein and oil content. One of the drawbacks is considering uneven dry-down and/or maturity, especially if one needs to get the crop off sooner than expected. Circumstances may not always favour having to wait until 100% seed colour change to straight-cut.

Blackleg Resistance

Where some hybrids are strong for pod shatter tolerance, they may be weaker in disease resistance – particularly blackleg. One needs to carefully weigh the trade-off between the two – am I going to lose more to shatter or blackleg? Recent studies have shown that even low levels of infection of blackleg can cause yield losses of up to 20%. Will a shatter-tolerant hybrid preserve comparable levels of yield? Perhaps – but to be sure, a good approach is to look at hybrids that can be both straight-cut and have solid blackleg resistance, such as CS2100. This hybrid has become a popular straight-cut variety with the broadest level of protection against blackleg currently available, possessing three major genes of resistance (R-ACG). Take a close look at the blackleg label before purchasing your next pod-shatter tolerant variety.

Clubroot Resistance

cs2000-1Up until CS2000, there was very little if anything in the way of differential clubroot resistant sources. Now as we begin to see different sources of resistance becoming commercially available, growers, particularly in the clubroot zone, have more options with which they can rotate to help better manage the disease. This is good news in the fight against clubroot because we can finally reduce our dependence on the same source that can exacerbate the ‘breakdown’ of genetic resistance. CANTERRA SEEDS is at the forefront of delivering the most diverse set of disease resistant genes – both for clubroot and blackleg. In some cases, you can have it both ways. With a variety like CS2000, you’re getting an enhanced clubroot and blackleg package (R-CE1) that will further enhance the yield potential of the crop.

Herbicide Tolerance

In certain regions, variety selection is driven primarily by herbicide tolerance. For example, concern over glyphosate-resistant weeds along with volunteer canola has led many to opt for LibertyLink® canola rather than Roundup Ready® canola.  The belief is this is the best way to stave off glyphosate-resistant weeds and control volunteer canola. While going with LibertyLink canola is certainly an option, the research tells us that it is actually tank-mixing that is more effective at delaying herbicide resistance than rotating trait systems (i.e. the idea of using LibertyLink one year and Roundup Ready the next). By tank-mixing, one can grow Roundup Ready canola sustainably, get better weed control, and arguably get better returns through reduced input costs (i.e. consider the cost of glyphosate vs. glufosinate ammonium; also take a close look at seed cost). This assumes comparable yields between the two systems – ample data exists that shows CANTERRA SEEDS’ Roundup Ready canola is on par if not better than LibertyLink canola. There is also a new trait innovation for glyphosate tolerant canola – TruFlex™ canola with Roundup Ready® Technology. The TruFlex canola system is now available, which provides growers a wider window of spray application (up until first flower, which translates into ~10-14 days additional spray days) and the option to use a higher rate of glyphosate that further enhances weed control and ultimately yield.

Contract Premiums

ClearfieldPremiums on commodity Clearfield® canola is relatively new. CANTERRA SEEDS is pleased to have its Clearfield hybrids CS2500CL and CS2200CL on both the Viterra and Bunge crush programs. Clearfield genetics have come a long way in recent years. Our key breeding partner DL Seeds has now closed the yield gap with other trait systems. With CANTERRA SEEDS’ Clearfield hybrid yield being close (if not on par) with genetics from other trait systems, there is some serious value to consider when you look at the lower seed cost of Clearfield vs Roundup Ready/LibertyLink. Including the crush premiums now being offered on top of it all – Clearfield canola starts to look pretty good. One concern that is sometimes raised about growing Clearfield canola is kochia control. With kochia being group-2 herbicide resistant, it can pose a problem, however various control measures do exist. As we know, kochia is an early germinator and so a good time to manage it is at the pre-seed burndown stage with a product like Conquer® (group 6 & 14). As we also know, kochia tends to be a poor competitor and so if one can get a good pre-seed burndown, there’s a good chance that the canola crop will get a jump on the kochia and won’t pose a problem in-season. Yes, there’ll probably be some escapes and later flushes of the weed but that’s where the grower needs to make a decision – does the potential return I get with good yields, lower seed cost and crush premium with CS2500CL or CS2200CL make it worthwhile to deal with a bit of kochia?

As every canola grower knows, a lot goes in to selecting the right canola hybrid. This is because there is no perfect variety – at least not yet! Making the right variety choice can take time but when looking at the overall return potential of the different options for your situation, it’s definitely time well spent.

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Corn Seed Guide: Adding Corn to Your Rotation

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Are you thinking of starting to grow corn, or adding corn to your rotation in the future? Below are tips to help you figure out how to make it work.

1. Evaluate Your Needs

Different features of corn hybrids will provide different advantages and results. Think about the following for each field:


  • Look at maturity ratings to determine what works best within your geographical region.

Risk tolerance for disease and pests

  • Consider VT Double PRO® RIB Complete® hybrids if targeting reduced refuge and excellent above-ground insect control such as ear worm, armyworm and corn borer.

End usage

  • Grain corn: Choose hybrids with the best fit for your maturity. Consider a mix of maturities; late maturity to plant first, ideal maturity for your area and early maturity hybrids, to spread your risk and optimize your yield potential and drying costs. Be cognizant of what trait combinations you plant if for export.
  • Silage or high moisture: Use field-tested high energy, EDF, EDP and high moisture hybrids from PRIDE Seeds’ corn silage portfolio.

2. Choose a Corn Type

Consider how you’ll use the corn and then weigh the pros and cons of using each corn type.

  Grain Corn Dual-Purpose Grain/Feed Grazing Silage Corn

Rapid kernel drydown makes it ideal for grain.

Less plant material (stover) trash to manage after harvest.

Provides the option to harvest a portion of the crop as feed and leave remaining crop to dry down for grain harvest.

Strong standability, highly digestible stalk, ear and kernels.

Ear set near mid-point of plant.

Slow kernel dry down (stay green) allows for wide optimum harvest window.

Ideal for silage.

Ears produce soft, highly digestible starchy kernels.

Large more digestible plant material.


Rapid kernel dry down makes it a poor choice for silage (narrow optimum silage harvest window).

Smaller and less digestible plant material.

Does not provide the best feed value option or the best features for grain harvesting. Small plant prone to breakdown once dry.

Slow kernel dry down makes it a poor choice for grain production.

Large, leafy plants would leave excess trash in field.


3. Investigate the Kernel

Find out what kernel type each hybrid you’re contemplating on purchasing has. Many companies use dent or semi-dent kernels for silage. This is not ideal for silage corn, as there is rapid drydown and you want the kernel to stay green. See below to determine characteristics for each kernel type.

Flint Kernel Semi-Dent Kernel Dent Kernel


Slower drydown

Hard, smooth seed coat

Rounded cap/crown at maturity

Harder starch outer layer

Round kernel shape

Dries uniformly


High test weight


Rapid drydown

Dented cap at maturity

Upon drying, depression

Softer starch outer layer

Long and narrow to wide and shallow kernel shape


4. Choose Your PRIDE Seeds corn seed

Given the information above, here are some recommendations on PRIDE Seed corn hybrids to try on your farm this year:

Usage Hybrid CHU Trait Days to Maturity Kernel Type
Grain A3993G2 RIB 2025 VT2P* 72 Dent
A4199G2 RIB 2150 VT2P 75 Dent
A4646G2 RIB 2300 VT2P 79 Dent
Silage AS1017RR EDF 2050-2250 RR** 71-75 Flint
Dual-Purpose A4414RR 2050-2175 RR 76 Semi-Dent
A4415G2 RIB 2100-2275 VT2P 77 Semi-Dent

*VT Double PRO® RIB Complete®
**Roundup Ready® Corn 2

Want to see more? Visit our Corn Product Page.


Clubroot Prevention - Keeping the Nasty Out

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When canola growers see the clubroot situation in central Alberta, a reasonable question that many likely ask themselves is how do I avoid that? Looking at all the extra management and time that arises from the hidden tumult of a positive field, such as:

  • the need to step up sanitization procedures of equipment before moving from field to field (yes, especially during the peak times of seeding, spraying and harvest);
  • knowing that local authorities will likely soon be on your case about how to properly manage your farm;
  • knowing that there is no magic chemical to control the disease once you get it; and
  • knowing that you’ll likely have to contend with all of this for the next 15 to 20 years if you don’t do anything about it.

Prevention sure starts to look better than managing the disease. The question of how to avoid a situation like this is certainly one that every canola grower should be asking themselves.

ClubrootMonsterSo how can you avoid a life sentence with this pest? Fortunately, researchers have been studying this for a while now and there are a number of best management practices that can be undertaken to prevent or greatly minimize the disease from taking hold of your fields. The underlying logic behind each of them is to minimize spore load concentrations. Some of the key ones are:

  1. Get in front of the disease with frequent and thorough scouting to keep on top of any trouble spots that may emerge. Studies show that the disease tends to make its first appearance at or near the field access points. The earlier you detect, the easier it is to manage.
  2. A break of at least two years between canola crops allows you to better control host species such as volunteer canola, wild mustard, Shepherd’s purse, etc.
  3. Avoiding the use and/or application of bio-matter (i.e. straw, manure, etc.) sourced from areas suspected of clubroot.
  4. Avoiding the use of common seed (especially untreated) which could serve as a vector for clubroot spores.
  5. Finally, use clubroot-resistant varieties to help prevent infection. Contrary to some opinions, this isn’t a ruse to sell more seed. Rather, it is based on the idea that it is much easier to use genetics to prevent clubroot spores from establishing themselves on a field than to use genetics to manage clubroot spores after they get on a field. One concern about this approach is that it may hasten the ‘breakdown’ of the genetics through overuse. It is important to keep in mind that for ‘breakdown’ to occur, there needs to be a pathotype population to select from. If there is no clubroot in a field, there are no pathotypes to select for and so no risk of pathotypes ‘defeating’ the resistant genes. Of course, its not always that simple. What if you think there is no clubroot in your field but there actually is? In this scenario, the spore loads would likely still be quite low and so would the selection pressure on that pathotype population. The only way to really estimate selection pressure is to know your field, which is why it’s critical that you complement the use of clubroot resistance genetics with frequent and thorough scouting along with the other preventative tactics above to minimize the chances of undetected spore build-up.

None of the prevention tactics mentioned above are intended to be used in isolation – they are all to be done as part of an integrated prevention strategy. Minimize the risk of spore build-up by employing the sustainable use of genetics as good preventative maintenance and reap the rewards of being able to continue working on clubroot-free fields.


Strategies to Control Kochia

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One weed spent its time travelling across the Prairies last year. Kochia is showing up in more fields year after year, and quickly developing resistance to multiple groups of herbicides. The relatively dry spring and hot, dry summer we had in many parts of Western Canada in 2018 was extremely favourable to this troublesome tumbleweed. Here’s a quick guide on how to identify and control kochia before it sets seed in your fields.

What is Kochia?

Kochia scoparia, also known as summer cypress or burning bush, is a tumbleweed with an ability to spread and establish itself quickly. It has a wide tolerance for different soil types and is extremely drought tolerant. It can produce up to 30,000 seeds per plant and deposit the seeds up to one kilometre away. The good news is that kochia hates competition, has high seed mortality and prefers high saline environments which makes it easier to manage.

How to Identify Kochia

kochia-canolaKochia has a deep taproot, with an erect, highly branched stem that varies in colour from green to red. It has alternating, linear leaves and small, green flowers that lack petals and are found in clusters in the upper leaves. Kochia can grow up to seven feet tall with competition or show a bushier appearance from three to four feet without competition.1

Growing Resistance Concerns

The intensifying battle with kochia in Western Canada comes from its selection to herbicide resistance. All kochia in Canada is considered resistant to Group 2 herbicides. Glyphosate- (Group 9) resistant kochia started popping up several years ago. Interestingly, the first glyphosate-resistant kochia was first detected on chemfallow that was sprayed with nothing but glyphosate for over 6 years and wasn’t the result of a poorly managed Roundup Ready® crop.  More recently, plants tested in Alberta and Saskatchewan were found to be resistant to Group 4 herbicides. The fear? That kochia populations will develop triple resistance to these groups of herbicides (a fear that may already be realized).

The current landscape of herbicide-resistant kochia in the Prairies:

  • Alberta: Glyphosate-resistant kochia found in 54% of samples tested in 2017 post-harvest survey2
  • Saskatchewan: updated survey to be done in 2019; glyphosate resistance was found in 5% of fields and in nine municipalities in 20133
  • Manitoba: 12 municipalities reported glyphosate resistance in 2018 (up from six in 2017)4

Managing Kochia in Your Fields

With increasing resistance issues, start thinking about weed management plans now before the warmer weather moves in. Below are some tips on how to reduce the impact of kochia on your fields:

  • Spray early - Kochia is an early germinator and so a pre-seed burn-off is a great time to control this weed, and most herbicides only control kochia when it’s small.
  • Prevent kochia from setting seed - Kochia seeds are short-lived, so use a good herbicide program along with patch mowing or spraying, and cutting for feed areas where kochia has escaped. If managed properly, the seed bank can be depleted in one to two years.
  • Rotate crops - By rotating crops, you’ll use varying herbicide groups each season, controlling weeds and reducing resistance concerns.
  • Tank mix - Use two effective modes of action when you suspect herbicide resistance. For suspected glyphosate (Group 9) resistance, pre-seed is the easiest time to tank mix, particularly with a product like Conquer® that offers two additional modes of action (Group 6 & 14) that can be applied cost effectively through the Real Farm Rewards program.
  • Scout early and often - Look for suspicious patches of kochia that may be resistant.
  • Tillage can be effective - Mowing or spot tillage can be used on larger lines or patches before the plants go to seed. Used sparingly and only when needed for spot management.

Bottom-line: Yes, glyphosate-resistant kochia is a concern, but this shouldn’t deter folks from growing their favorite Roundup Ready® crops like canola. With kochia being an early germinator, poor competitor and having relatively high seed mortality, glyphosate-resistant kochia can be controlled effectively with the right management strategy. Ultimately, this includes using the right combination of tank-mixing and crop rotation.

2Source: Hugh Beckie, Herbicide Resistance Summit, 2018.

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Brewing Connections with AAC Connect

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This year, CANTERRA SEEDS will be brewing more connections in the craft beer industry.

Back in 2018, our love of malting barley and tasty beers drove us to partner with Red Shed Malting and a few other contacts in the beer industry to create our first craft beer, Connect the Plots (see our blog post). After being enjoyed throughout the summer at fields tours and farm shows, we decided to continue our quest of seeing other AAC Connect-based beers come to fruition.

Brewing Connections Malt Pic

Our new malting barley program will see a bag of AAC Connect malt from Red Shed Malting delivered to 10+ microbreweries in Alberta. We’re hoping that this will give more microbreweries the opportunity to experiment with the malt and see what it can really do!

Colette Prefontaine, CANTERRA SEEDS Pedigreed Seed Territory Manager in Alberta is excited to see this program get off the ground. “The craft brewing industry is putting an exciting new spin on beer in Alberta, and it’s a cool business opportunity for folks out here,” says Prefontaine. “Barley is a favourite crop of mine and it's awesome to see the selection of quality craft beers grow in scale and scope, all while increasing the complexity and variety of tastes now offered.”

What does this mean for the future of barley malt and AAC Connect? Breweries are always innovating and trying new things, and so some are beginning to experiment with how different barley varieties affect taste profiles. We hope that more brewers start to realize that there is more than just ‘malt’ – that there is a range of malting barley varieties to choose from.

While we’re busy making these connections and getting the word out about AAC Connect malt to these Alberta breweries, you can follow the development of this program on social media. Follow the hashtag #BrewingCONNECTions or follow @CANTERRASEEDS on Twitter to see what these breweries come up with.

Growing AAC Connect

Lung connect 2

Looking to grow AAC Connect in 2019? This 2-row malting barley variety is high yielding with a short, strong straw and heavier, plump kernels. It has the best Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance in its class, which can make it a great choice for barley growers in areas where FHB is a concern.

“Fusarium head blight ebbs and flows, with higher pressure in years when there is more humidity and rain,” mentions Rick Love, CANTERRA SEEDS Pedigreed Seed Business Manager. “The real tangible benefit for this variety wasn’t necessarily seen across the Prairies in 2018 – but that doesn’t mean it’ll be the same this year. Because no one can predict the future, AAC Connect is one variety to consider as part of your rotation for protection against any potential disease.”

In addition to all the agronomic benefits of AAC Connect, this variety has also been named a top contender by the Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre (CMBTC). They have been testing AAC Connect extensively and have been getting good responses, so you’ll see AAC Connect in their recommended malting barley varieties for 2019-2020.

The future looks bright for AAC Connect. For more information about this malting barley variety, visit our product page. To purchase AAC Connect for the 2019 season, visit our Seed Locator page to find a retailer near you.


Tackle Drought Head-on with AAC Congress

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Durum Wheat

Dry. That was the word to describe much of the Prairies in 2018. With lower than normal rainfall for the second year in a row, drought was top-of-mind for a lot of growers. While it wasn’t unexpected, this was confirmed by a recent poll – 69% of participants told us that drought was their number one challenge last year, beating out grain quality, too much moisture and disease/insect pressure.

Take this, combined with the lower snowfall precipitation we’ve seen so far this winter, and some areas may be dry going into spring. It will take frequent, reliable rainfall in the 2019 growing season to catch up from the dry conditions we’ve seen over the past couple of years.

This is where CANTERRA SEEDS’ AAC Congress durum wheat variety can step in. If you’re concerned about future dry weather conditions, we recommend looking at this variety for the 2019 growing season. AAC Congress (CWAD) is a high-yielding variety with low DON accumulation that has been shown to perform well in low-moisture areas. Data over several years has revealed yield stability over varying environmental conditions.

With the drought stress seen in 2017-2018 through a good part of the durum region, AAC Congress has continued to perform very well across all regions. Nick Petruic of Avonlea, Sask., was happy with how AAC Congress performed on his fields last year. “The durum was harvested in great condition and yielded quite well in a drier, more challenging year,” says Petruic.

In addition to hearing growers’ success stories, the 2019 SK Seed Guide released this month also reports great results for AAC Congress. While it performed well in all areas, it was the top-performing durum variety in the typically drier areas (Areas 1 & 2).

CWAD Variety Yield % (Areas 1 & 2)*
AAC Congress 109
CDC Alloy 108
CDC Precision 108
AAC Spitfire 108
Brigade 107
CDC Carbide 106
CDC Credence 106

*Relative to Strongfield
Source: SK Seed Guide, 2019

With AAC Congress on your side, you can plant using existing management practices with confidence. While many may batten down the hatches and reduce inputs based on expected yield reduction with drought, this isn’t a worry with this CANTERRA SEEDS variety. Rick Love, CANTERRA SEEDS Pedigreed Business Manager is reassuring. “AAC Congress helps stack the deck in your favour and takes away some of the potential risk or downside that comes with dry weather.”

To purchase AAC Congress for 2019, visit our Seed Locator page to find a seed company near you.

For more information on AAC Congress, visit the product page.

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4P Agreement the Perfect Pact for Industry

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The following article was provided by the Alberta Wheat Commission.

At one time, collaboration among the public sector, private enterprise and4P-Logo-CMYK_1 farmers towards a common goal seemed like a fairytale. With the launching of the 4P Canada Prairie Spring (CPS) agreement in 2015, however, the fantasy became reality in historic fashion.

The agreement saw the Alberta Wheat Commission (AWC), CANTERRA SEEDS and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) pooling resources to strengthen the Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat breeding program at the Lethbridge Research and Development Centre.

Sowing the Seeds of Success

Of course, making history takes time, so it’s no surprise that the seeds of this deal were first planted in 2013. After the CPS breeder at the Cereal Research Centre, Winnipeg retired in 2012, the decision was made to move the germplasm to Lethbridge. There, Dr. Harpinder Randhawa consolidated his breeding program to focus solely on Soft White Spring Wheat (SWSW) and CPS wheat.

As is turned out, the move resulted in good news and bad news: high quality material available for breeding, but a gap in support to continue it through the pipeline. Solving the problem required expertise, funding and forward thinking, leading to a comprehensive partnership spearheaded by AAFC Science and Technology Branch.

4P began with a Request for Proposals (RFP) being issued in February of 2014 to private sector companies, seeking a partner that could license and distribute varieties, return high quality data, and offer plot work, quality testing and additional funds.

In the end, the RFP attracted a perfect partner in CANTERRA SEEDS, one of Canada’s leading seed companies and one with significant farmer ownership. Apart from the money and services they provide, CANTERRA SEEDS actively participates in the breeding program with Dr. Randhawa, adding value for both the company and its partners in the agreement.

Before the deal between AAFC and CANTERRA SEEDS was finalized, the government agency asked their new partner if they were open to adding a third party in light of the interest from some grower groups in such an arrangement. CANTERRA SEEDS consented and, seeing the value of this collaboration for its members, the AWC – under the leadership of Chairperson Kent Erickson – agreed to invest in the program.

A Winning Solution

With representation from three crucial sectors, the 4P agreement is living up to its name, which stands for “Public, Private and Producer Partnership”. If they wanted to add another “p”, they might select “perfect”, as the deal has truly been a win-win-win for the participants. AAFC, which had never before entered such a partnership model,was able to collaborate in developing a strong CPS breeding program with the Winnipeg germplasm. For its part, CANTERRA SEEDS contributes to the development of the germplasm in the AAFC CPS wheat program, and is licensing varieties for distribution in their extensive network.

This deal also aligns perfectly with the AWC’s mission to increase the long-term profitability of Alberta wheat producers through innovative research, agronomic support and extension, market development, communications and policy development. The commission had long sought to increase competition and have more players involved in the wheat sphere, and the 4P agreement was the ideal vehicle for allowing farmers to work with government and private industry. In doing so, it has increased capacity, facilitated the sharing of knowledge and supported the delivery of strong new varieties to producers.

A Game Changer for all the Right Reasons

The 4P agreement has opened many conversations around future programs. It has also prompted discussion of how producers can have more involvement in breeding programs to help steer the direction and provide capacity for better varieties to be released sooner.

Overall, the 4P has been integral to developing a leading CPS breeding program at the Lethbridge Research and Development Centre, with enhanced capacity for agronomic, disease and quality testing. This results in improved delivery of enhanced genetics to Alberta’s wheat farmers. In addition to new varieties, AWC will also get a share of royalties received from varieties released under the program. These royalties will then be reinvested directly back into public breeding programs.

AAC CrossfieldWhile the partnership is worth $3.4 million over five years, having the entire value chain at the table from early breeding stages through to commercialization is priceless, ensuring that new varieties will be desirable from farm to sale. The partnership is resulting in premium CPSR wheat varieties for farmers, with one of them - AAC Crossfield – to be available from CANTERRA SEEDS for planting in 2019.

As a five-year arrangement, the 4P will soon be up for renewal. All parties to the deal are actively discussing next steps, and why not? While such an alliance may once have been a fairy tale notion, it seems destined to write a happy ending for the public sector, private business, producers and the wheat industry as a whole.

For more information on AAC Crossfield, visit our product page.


NEWS: CS2600 CR-T Available For Spring 2019

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WINNIPEG, MB – CANTERRA SEEDS is excited to announce CS2600 CR-T will be available to Western Canadian farmers for 2019 spring planting.

Bayer confirmed today in a press release that China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) has granted safety certificate approval for the import and food/feed use of TruFlex™ canola with Roundup Ready® technology (MON88302). MARA has notified Bayer that a safety certificate for TruFlex™ canola has been granted. MARA has publicly posted this information on their website and Bayer is awaiting final documentation, which they expect to receive shortly. 

The TruFlex™ trait is the newest canola trait from Bayer and is designed for a broad range of growing conditions. The benefits to growers include: improved control of tough weeds, flexibility in spray rates and timing, and higher yield potential through genetics and improved crop safety, all as compared to Bayer’s current technology.

CS2600 CR-T is the new TruFlex™ canola hybrid from CANTERRA SEEDS. In addition to the TruFlex™ canola trait, this multi-benefit hybrid offers unique clubroot resistance and straight-cut potential, combined with above average yields. With its early maturity, CS2600 CR-T should be an excellent fit in clubroot and shorter season growing zones.

“We are very pleased to be one of the first companies offering a TruFlex hybrid to the market,” said David Hansen, President & CEO for CANTERRA SEEDS. “Growers are excited about this new technology, and CS2600 CR-T is an excellent hybrid that provides many of the features they are looking for.”

For more information about CS2600 CR-T go to



Another Win for Bushels for Broken Arrow and CANTERRA SEEDS

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Durum Wheat

For the second year in a row, CANTERRA SEEDS partnered with Bushels for Broken Arrow, a program created to help raise money for the Broken Arrow Youth Ranch. The ranch provides a safe home for children whose parents are overwhelmed with personal issues such as addictions, abuse and family illness. Bushels for Broken Arrow allows farmers/supporters to put in a field of wheat and the money from the harvested grain of that crop is donated to the ranch.

In 2017, we had great success with AAC Cameron VB wheat when we were launching the variety. CANTERRA SEEDS, along with in-kind support from some of our shareholders, were able to raise $86,000 for the Broken Arrow Youth Ranch.

BFBA-8This year, we chose to use our new durum variety, AAC Congress, deciding that it would be a good fit for the durum growing region in southern Saskatchewan, close to where the ranch is located. Nick Petruic from Petruic Seed Company (Avonlea, SK) signed up to help with the seed donation, along with treating, bagging and loading the seed for the project. Then four participants, including Petruic, each grew and harvested 40 acres of AAC Congress. Petruic was supportive of the project, saying “it was an engaging experience for my family to use the gifts that we have been given to give back to others.”

It was a win/win/win situation – funds were raised for a good cause, growers were able to try a brand-new durum variety firsthand, and CANTERRA SEEDS and our shareholders were able to bring awareness to this great new variety in its launch year. The growers were all very happy with how AAC Congress performed. While it was dry in most locations throughout the growing season, AAC Congress pulled through the drought splendidly and quality was great. One of the grower participants, Don Sinclair from Highland Valley Farms Ltd., shared that “it compared very favourably with the durum we usually grow. The field of Congress was one of the highest yielding [wheat] fields on our farm this year.” While we’re still waiting on final numbers, we’re very excited to see how AAC Congress performed and how much it gave back to the program.

For more information about Bushels for Broken Arrow and the Broken Arrow Youth Ranch, visit their website at

To learn more about AAC Congress, visit our product page.





Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship Reminder

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This reminder is brought to you by the Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship Team.

As you plan for next spring, it’s important to remember what you committed to when you signed the Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship Agreement. It includes vital steps that every grower must take to protect the midge tolerance gene for future use.

Basically, you agreed that you’ll use the technology responsibly – that means limiting the use of farm-saved seed to one generation past Certified. This ensures that the interspersed refuge system contained in the varietal blend is maintained. The refuge disrupts the midge’s ability to produce resistant offspring and prevents the build-up of a resistant midge population. By adhering to this stewardship practice, research scientists estimate it will take about 90 years for midge tolerance to break down.

Your actions matter

If you don’t follow the Stewardship Agreement, you will contribute to the development of a resistant midge population. This doesn’t just affect your farm – midge know no borders – you’re impacting neighbouring farms and beyond. Your actions could eventually render the midge tolerance gene ineffective and eliminate a valuable tool from your toolbox.

The online Stewardship Agreement is evergreen – you only need to sign it once, but your stewardship obligations last for as long as you grow Midge Tolerant Wheat. Let’s work together to keep Midge Tolerant Wheat technology in everybody’s toolbox for years to come.

The Midge Tolerant Wheat website at is a great resource if you have any questions.

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Q&A on Value Creation

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On December 17, CANTERRA SEEDS posted an open letter detailing the company's position on Value Creation (read here). This supporting question & answer document is intended as further information.

What are the two models being proposed by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)/Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)?


two models

Source: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada


How were these models developed?


In April 2016, AAFC’s Grains Value Chain Round Table (GRT) established the Value Creation (VC) Working Group.

The VC Working Group included representatives from multiple grower organizations (Alberta Wheat Commission, Alberta Barley Commission, Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission, Saskatchewan Barley Development Commission, Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association, Grain Farmers Ontario, Producteurs de Grains du Quebec, Atlantic Grains Council, Canadian Federation of Agriculture), industry organizations (Canadian Seed Growers Association, Canadian Seed Trade Association, Canadian Plant Technology Agency), seed companies (SeCan, FP Genetics, CANTERRA SEEDS), public (AAFC, University of Saskatchewan - Crop Development Centre) & private (Bayer CropSciences, Syngenta) breeding programs, and the regulator (CFIA).

The Working Group spent 18 months consulting in order to identify two models for more detailed consideration. These were presented to the GRT in November 2017, with recommendations to consult more broadly and to do legal and economic analyses on the two models. The consultation and analyses are currently underway.


Why wasn’t there greater awareness of this discussion before now?

While this has been discussed off and on for more than a decade, with the recent development of the two models, efforts are now being made to make as many farmers and others throughout the value chain aware of the issue and of opportunities to participate in the discussion and to provide input. It is important to note that the committee that made these recommendations was comprised of representatives from various segments of the agriculture industry, including farm groups. This consultation represents the next step in the process.


Why does CANTERRA SEEDS support the Seed Variety Use Agreement (SVUA) over an End Point Royalty (EPR)?

CANTERRA SEEDS supports the SVUA for the following reasons:

  • The SVUA could cover all crops including those that are not delivered to an elevator.
  • The SVUA does not rely on grain handlers to collect, administer and control the process.
  • The SVUA would not require rebates on Certified seed purchases (that would be necessary to avoid double payment under an ERP model).
  • The SVUA could apply to all regions of Canada (not just those that currently have check-off systems).
  • The SVUA allows farmers to choose if they want to participate – through the purchase of a new variety subject to a SVUA.
  • The SVUA is conceivably less threatening to both continued use of Certified seed and producer support of commodity check-offs.


How would the system work?

SVUA could only be collected on varieties protected under UPOV ’91 i.e. those varieties which obtained PBR since February 2015. This does not mean all such varieties will be included in a new system. Those which are included, will have royalties collected on a go-forward basis.

Similar to Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship or Technology Use Agreements, the seed industry would use one online record system to manage the SVUA.




Source: Seed Synergy


Will a grower still be allowed to save and reuse their farm seed?

Yes, and under the SVUA producers will continue to have the option of saving and reusing farm saved seed. For every cycle of saving and reusing the seed, and benefitting from that variety, the producer will contribute back to the breeder in the form of a royalty.


What will it cost?

It is not possible to give exact costs at this time; however, various scenarios have been analysed and AAFC has presented possible costs based on a set of assumptions and using a range of costs which are in use in other countries as a starting point. They have based their estimates on $1.00 - $3.00/Tonne //$1.30 - $3.90/acre.


estimated royalty payments



Source: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada


CANTERRA SEEDS supports each breeder setting the royalty rate for their variety. This rate will need to reflect the value of the variety and should be on a per/acre basis as it is the simplest to administer. It also allows growers to adjust seeding rates for germination and other factors.



Where do additional royalties go?

Royalties are payments to the developer of intellectual property. As a seed company created by growers, for growers, CANTERRA SEEDS is committed to investing additional royalties collected into Canadian breeding.


What about the check-offs growers are paying now?

Commodity check-offs/levies are funds collected from producers of that crop type for use in activities such as market development, extension, communication, and supporting R&D. Check-off funding of R&D is discretionary and flows to public programs without being tied to the performance of the varieties developed by these programs.

CANTERRA SEEDS fully supports the current check-off system and encourage growers to invest in the important work it funds. Increased investment will bring more choice for Canadian farmers.


Why does the system need to change?

In order for Canada to remain competitive and attract additional investment in crop breeding, there needs to be a way to get a return on that investment. Public programs need increased resources to be able to continue the work they do, including AAFC and university programs such as those at the Crop Development Centre. Additional investment will also provide additional support for minor crops and the organic sector.


What happens if a new system is not put in place?

As more and more countries implement comprehensive royalty collection systems, Canada will become uncompetitive as a place to invest, and any investments which have already been made are likely to shift outside of Canada. Public breeding programs will also suffer without added investment, as access to novel germplasm and innovative technologies are restricted to those places where sharing them provides a return on their development.


What about a ‘third option’?

Status quo is not an option. AAFC has consistently indicated putting more dollars into their own breeding programs is not a viable alternative to a more comprehensive system. AAFC is interested in a healthy, competitive plant breeding sector in Canada.


Why do we need private breeding programs?

Private programs bring additional access to novel germplasm and access to new, innovative technologies; having private programs in Canada also increases the competitiveness of all programs, including the public programs at AAFC, and universities.


We don’t need more varieties – we already have too many!

It is difficult to develop varieties which work well in all geographies. With increased investment, the rate of improvement in varietal performance will increase, providing greater choice for growers. Increased investment isn’t about breeding more varieties, it is about breeding better varieties, faster. At the end of the day, farmers will determine the success of any new variety brought to market.


Why do we need regulations since contracts can be put in place right now with no regulatory change?

It is certainly possible to use contract law already, and in fact there are seed purchase agreements already in place; however, if each company creates its own contract system, there will be a lack of consistency and a significant cost of administration which would ultimately be shouldered by farmers. The implementation of an industry-wide system will provide a consistent and efficient mechanism for royalty collection. By entrenching the system in regulations, it ensures legal clarity on the rights and obligations for both the producer and the breeder.


What if a grower doesn’t want to take part?

No one can force a grower to grow a variety from any program. Varieties which will fall under a new system will be clearly identified, whether they come from public or private programs, and those opposed to the use of varieties developed by private programs, whether based here in Canada or elsewhere, need not purchase and grow those varieties. Similarly, if a grower only wants to support AAFC he/she can just purchase and grow AAFC varieties.

Varieties which do not have PBR or which have PBR under UPOV ’78 terms, will not qualify for an extended royalty system.

Access to older varieties (the majority of which come from AAFC & CDC) will be maintained as long as there is a viable grower demand for them. Additionally, wheat varieties generally hold PBR protection for only 6-8 years. Once PBR rights have been terminated or surrendered the variety is available for use without restrictions.


What if a grower cheats?

Similar to the current system for PBR violations, the grower would be subject to financial penalties and possible loss of future genetic access. An audit system will be set up to monitor enforcement.

Seed growers and sellers will be responsible to ensure the SVUA is completed prior to a sale being made but will not be held liable for infringement by their customers.

Brown bag seed sales always were, and will remain, illegal.


What has this got to do with Seed Synergy?

Seed Synergy is an initiative being undertaken by six seed sector organizations to increase the efficient delivery of the various services provided to the sector. While the Seed Synergy partners are involved in value creation discussions, they are separate issues.


Where can I learn more and how can I get involved in the discussion?

An online consultation will open early in 2019. There may also be another round of in-person sessions if AAFC and CFIA determine they are needed. AAFC and CFIA will also attend upcoming farm shows and other events and are willing to meet with companies and organizations for one-on-one discussions.


The Seed Synergy partners have prepared as an information source.


Seed Synergy website


If you have further questions of CANTERRA SEEDS, please contact:

David Hansen – President and CEO,

Erin Armstrong – Director, Industry & Regulatory Affairs,

Brent Derkatch – Director, Pedigreed Seed Business Unit,

An Open Letter on Value Creation

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An open letter to Canadian farmers and seed growers:

As a seed company created by growers, for growers, CANTERRA SEEDS has always been committed to providing farmers the very best seed. By accessing varieties from public breeding programs and investing directly in breeding through Saskatoon-based joint-venture, Limagrain Cereals Research Canada, CANTERRA SEEDS demonstrates day in and day out our dedication to investing in a successful future for Canadian farmers.

Canadian agriculture is an economic driver, providing 1 in every 8 jobs. To ensure the long-term viability of our industry, CANTERRA SEEDS believes that proper investment in better performing, high-yielding cereal varieties will be required. A more prosperous Canadian agriculture industry is possible, but it is not guaranteed.

It has been clear for some time that Canada’s current royalty collection model is not providing the returns needed for sustainable reinvestment in breeding that will ensure Canadian farmers remain competitive on a world stage. Currently, not a single public or private breeding program is able to cover their operating costs through Certified seed sales alone. CANTERRA SEEDS believes that farmers, breeders, seed companies and the entire value chain need a new value creation system that will ensure continued investment in the development of value-added varieties that deliver increased returns to farmers. Improved performance, whether it be yield, disease, quality or agronomics, will come from increased investment in all sectors of breeding.

As part of Canada’s adoption of Plant Breeders Rights legislation, work was undertaken by a committee to examine options for modernizing Canada’s royalty collection model. This committee brought farmers, breeders and industry representatives together to examine new, sustainable models to keep Canadian agriculture competitive in the decades ahead. The committee recommended two royalty collection models to government for broad consultation and for legal and economic analyses. Presently, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency are conducting engagement sessions to discuss these two value creation models for possible implementation in Canada. The two models are end point royalties and trailing use contracts.

CANTERRA SEEDS supports the proposed system of Seed Variety Use Agreement (SVUA), a version of a trailing use contract system which has been endorsed by the Seed Synergy partners. The three pillars of the SVUA are:

  • Value: Canadian growers will benefit from improved seed genetics that are essential to remain competitive globally; a grower must see value in a new variety otherwise they will not consider purchasing it.
  • Transparency: There must be transparency around how the system will work and what the contract terms will be.
  • Choice: Canadian growers must have a choice – in the varieties they use and in their participation in the new system.

Public and private variety development research for several crops in Canada is currently under-resourced, and increased plant breeding investment is critical for the successful future of Canadian farmers. The SVUA addresses the serious need for increased investment in Canadian plant breeding. As a key player in the seed industry that is committed to a long-term future in Canada, CANTERRA SEEDS is committed to re-investing additional royalties directly back into both public and private breeding efforts that benefit Canadian growers.

Over the coming months, consultations will continue to take place among farmers, breeders, seed companies, industry associations and governments. CANTERRA SEEDS encourages a constructive, informative dialogue among all parties. The future of our sector is too important for anything less.


David Hansen

President & CEO


Read our follow up Question and Answer document

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Clubroot resistant canola: Identifying Pathotypes

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The Rapid Spread of Clubroot

Clubroot is a soil-borne disease that affects cruciferous crops. Most importantly for Western Canadian farmers, it causes galls to grow on the roots of canola plants, choking out nutrients from the plant, ultimately killing it. Since the disease was found in Alberta in 2003, it has continued to spread across the Prairies.

Clubroot was first discovered in Alberta in 2003, near Edmonton. That year the disease was found in 13 fields, but since then, has expanded to over 2,700 fields in multiple counties. The newest areas to see clubroot in Alberta include the Peace Region and Rocky View County, Southeast of Calgary.

When clubroot was first found in Alberta, it was believed it would only be a matter of time until it expanded to the other Prairie provinces. Though not spreading as quickly, clubroot was found in SK in 2008 and Manitoba in 2012. The Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture plans to release a new, detailed, clubroot infestation map in early 2019, and the 2018 map for MB has also just been released.

Clubroot MB

AB Clubroot Map


Employing Genetics to Fight Clubroot

We can generally define the clubroot areas into two groups: an existing region, and an emerging region.

In the emerging region, which includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan, the Peace and Southern areas of Alberta, the disease is just starting to be found. We expect in these areas the clubroot spore load is a lot lower. Here, a clubroot prevention strategy should be used, where resistant varieties are planted as a prophylactic or preventative measure. Planting clubroot genetics in these areas can help to decrease the rate of spore buildup.

In the existing clubroot areas, including the Central region of Alberta, a more intensive genetic strategy should be employed. In this existing region, where there is full-scale infection, we see much higher spore concentrations. The higher spore loads are allowing new strains of the disease to arise, defeating the conventional genetic resistance. Selection pressure is even higher in fields under short canola rotations.

Here, we recommend growers pay more attention to the type of genetic resistance within the clubroot varieties they are planting on their farm. Continually relying on the same source of resistance can put immense selection pressure on the pathotype population, causing more virulent pathogens to emerge. As of 2018, 104 fields were confirmed to have overcome the most common clubroot varieties on the market.[1] 

Much in the same way it is recommended to rotate your mode of action in crop protection, we recommend you rotate your source of resistance genetics, to help limit the evolutionary response of the clubroot pathogen population. Of course, this leads to the question – what is the source of resistance genetics in my canola variety? See the chart below for this information.


Clubroot Pathotype Breakdown

It is a constant challenge for breeders to stay on top of this evolving disease. It’s an arms race between breeders and clubroot. The first wave of clubroot resistant varieties on the market likely contained a source of resistance from the winter canola hybrid, Mendel, which is resistant to the major clubroot pathotypes prevalent at that time: 2, 3, 5, 6 and 8.

The continual reliance on the same source of clubroot resistance brings higher selection pressures, which in part explains why we are now seeing different strains of clubroot emerging.

At the same time, testing has become more robust. Over the last few years, Dr. Stephen Strelkov, professor of plant pathology from the University of Alberta, has been working to better understand the strains of clubroot present, and those that are able to overcome the traditional resistance. Strelkov and Sheau-Fang Hwang of Alberta Agriculture and Forestry developed a new classification system. They have been able to divide pathotypes into several categories, which helps breeders develop genetic resistance.

Strelkov and Hwang also determined new strains of clubroot like 5X and 3A aren’t in fact new – they can be found at very low levels among historical samples collected in Alberta from 2005 – 2016. This confirms the growth of these new strains can be attributed to selection pressure imposed by planting the same source of clubroot resistance genetics continually.


The Future

Credit should be given to all canola breeding programs, they are working diligently to find new solutions to the resistance breakdown and we see that with all the new products coming to the market now. CS2000, launched a few years ago, was one of the first hybrids on the market to show resistance to additional strains of clubroot, including 3O, 5G, 5K and 5X.

CANTERRA SEEDS works with DL Seeds, based in Morden, MB. They are at the cutting edge of developing new clubroot resistant canola and soon we will see new sources of genetic resistance on the market from them. These will have an even broader multi-genic source of resistance than CS2000.

Of the current hybrids on the market, the following information has been published about their resistance levels. Please note, this information has been compiled from each companies' website and literature. CANTERRA SEEDS is not making any claims on the pathotype resistance of any of these products.

Clubroot Chart Dec. 18



CMBTC Releases 2019-20 Recommended Malting Barley List

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Read below for the recent release from the CMBTC

WINNIPEG, November 29, 2018 – For immediate release

The Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre (CMBTC) has released its annual list of malting barley varieties that hold the most promise for producers in terms of performance, quality and marketability.

The 2019-20 Recommended Malting Barley Variety List includes varieties that have been pilot scale tested by the CMBTC and which exhibit good malting and brewing characteristics. The recommendations are also based on input from grain companies, domestic and international maltsters and brewers, grower associations and seed companies, says Peter Watts, Managing Director of the CMBTC.
“The overall purpose of the list is to help producers choose malting barley varieties with the greatest potential to be selected for malt,” he says.

Canada is recognized by the global malting and brewing industry for high quality barley varieties such as AC Metcalfe and CDC Copeland. However, newer varieties are in the process of being introduced into the marketplace such as AAC Synergy, CDC Bow, AAC Connect, CDC Fraser and Lowe. With excellent malting quality and improved agronomics, including higher yields and better disease resistance, these varieties will ultimately improve Canada’s competitiveness and support producer returns.

The CMBTC advises producers to talk to their local elevators, malting companies or grain buyers before making final decisions on which varieties to grow in their region.

View the CMBTC 2019-20 Recommended Malting Barley Varieties list


For more information:
Peter Watts, Managing Director, CMBTC
Phone: 204-983-1981
Twitter: @MaltAcademy
YouTube: Malt Academy – CMBTC

About Canadian malting barley
Canada is one of the world’s largest suppliers of malting barley and malt to the global brewing industry. In 2017-18 Canada exported approximately 1.5 million tonnes of malting barley worth CDN $500 million and 600,000 tonnes of processed malt at a value of CDN $440 million. The domestic brewing industry in Canada uses 300,000 tonnes of malting barley per year to make 19 million hectoliters of beer.

About the CMBTC
Founded in 2000, the CMBTC is a national, independent, non-profit organization with funding provided by members of the malting barley, malt and brewing industries, producers as well as provincial and federal governments. The CMBTC conducts applied malting and brewing research, providing technical support to members and customers. The CMBTC facilities include a 100 kilogram pilot malt plant and 3 hectolitre pilot brewery. The CMBTC also operates the Malt Academy education program providing instruction in malting and brewing.

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Winner of First Annual Brian Knull Scholarship

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November 22, 2018 - CANTERRA SEEDS is thrilled to announce the winner of the inaugural Brian Knull Memorial Scholarship - Danielle Dietz of Wetaskiwin, AB.

The Brian Knull Memorial Scholarship was created earlier this year by CANTERRA SEEDS and the Knull Family, to encourage rural students to continue with their education at a post-secondary institution. The $1500 scholarship is awarded on a yearly basis.

Danielle Dietz is entering her fourth year of studies at the University of Saskatchewan, taking her Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, majoring in Agronomy.

Many applications were received for the scholarship, but ultimately, Danielle's passion for agriculture shone through, and help her secure the scholarship.

"Danielle's passion for agriculture is one of the main reasons she was selected. This is something that Brian shared," said David Hansen, President and CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS.

"We wish Danielle the best of luck with her studies, and look forward to staying in touch as she starts her career in the agriculture industry."

For more information on the scholarship, visit


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Duane Briand (North Central AB Territory Manager), Danielle Dietz, Sherry Knull, Kristine Becker (Brian & Sherry's 2nd daughter)

Canterra 6

Duane Briand, Rick and Wendy Dietz (parents of Danielle), Danielle Dietz, Sherry Knull, Kristine Becker

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Clearfield Contracts for CANTERRA SEEDS Canola

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CANTERRA SEEDS is excited to announce we have expanded our Clearfield® contracting opportunities for the upcoming season.

CS2500 CL and CS2200 CL can be contracted at Bunge and Viterra locations.

Learn more about these hybrids here - CS2500 CL, CS2200 CL

NEW! Viterra - Clearfield® Canola Production Contracts

  • Free On-Farm pickup
  • Five delivery windows to choose from. Delivery is secured by a Grain Purchase Agreement (GPA)
  • Market leading pricing - contact for full details
  • Act of God clause
  • Contact your local Viterra location for premium information (click for contact list MB, SK, AB)
Viterra chart


Bunge Harrowby - Clearfield® Production Contract

  • $35.00/MT Non GMO Premium over Bunge Harrowby Canola Basis
    • Additional $5.00/MT Acreage Bonus when contracting 640 or more acres
  • Growers must select a minimum of two delivery periods
    • Based on 35 BU/acre (0.8 MT/acre) production
  • Maximum 50% delivery September 2019 – January 2020
  • 35 BU/ac by Aug. 31, 2020 guaranteed movement
  • Act of God clause
Bunge Chart

To sign a contract please contact your local Viterra location (click for contact list MB, SK, AB) or Bunge Harrowby directly at 1-800-665-0499.

CANTERRA SEEDS Ensures Growers of Quality and Consistency of Canola Seed Supply

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Company’s seed production unaffected by delayed Prairie Harvest

For Immediate release

November 5, 2018 – Winnipeg, MB - CANTERRA SEEDS is ensuring growers of the quality and consistency of its 2019 canola seed supply in light of recent concerns surrounding the delayed harvest across the Prairies. Growers can rest assured that their preferred CANTERRA SEEDS canola products, including the high-yielding clubroot resistant CS2000, will be available for seeding in 2019.

“With growers experiencing a delayed harvest, so too are many seed companies,” said David Hansen, President and CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS. “CANTERRA SEEDS has been fortunate to harvest all canola seed production earlier this year and can ensure growers that we will continue to offer a quality, consistent supply of seed for 2019.”

CANTERRA SEEDS has harvested all canola seeded across western Canada for seed production, taking off over 90% of seed by the first week of September. Quality is anticipated to be very high, in line with the company’s quality assurance policy. Interested growers are encouraged to speak with their CANTERRA SEEDS representative to learn more about the company’s seed quality standards.

This year’s CANTERRA SEEDS canola lineup is as strong as ever, featuring:

  • CS2000 – a unique clubroot resistant hybrid canola with no yield drag.
  • CS2100 – a blackleg resistant hybrid with high pod-shatter tolerance for straight-cutting; and
  • CS2300 – a canola hybrid that sets a new standard for yield and standability.

“CANTERRA SEEDS recognizes the challenges growers are facing across the prairies with finishing this year’s harvest,” added Hansen. “We want to wish them well as they finish off 2018 and assure them that our full portfolio of hybrids will be available as they make decisions for next year.”

Growers can see the full list of CANTERRA SEEDS’ canola varieties at or visit their local independent retailer for more information.

For more information media may contact:
Sheena Pitura
Director of Marketing, CANTERRA SEEDS
(204) 988-9765


CANTERRA SEEDS believes farmers deserve the best. Our diverse portfolio of top-quality field crop seed is cultivated with local investments in plant breeding, access to a global network of germplasm and traits, and a commitment to seed that goes back to our roots as a grower-owned company. Owned by western Canadian seed growers and agricultural retailers, Limagrain, Ceres Global Ag and private investors, CANTERRA SEEDS is committed to sourcing genetically superior seed products that deliver agronomic and economic benefits for producers, while also meeting end‐ user needs. With strategic partnerships around the world, we are proud to produce a versatile portfolio of cereals, pulses and oilseeds designed for success in western Canada.


Soybean Cyst Nematode - An Overview

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Is soybean cyst nematode coming to a field near you? Learn about this parasitic roundworm and what you can do to prevent the spread on your farm.

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Low Levels of Blackleg Can Rob 20% of Your Canola Yield

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All canola growers are aware of blackleg but its impact can sometimes be under-estimated. Although genetic resistance and general understanding of the disease has improved in recent years, there were still some significant gaps that made it difficult to manage the disease with any precision. ‘Grow an ‘R’ rated variety and you should be fine’ used to be the best standard recommendation when it came to variety selection. Fortunately, now there are more tools that are available to growers that are better at keeping the disease in check, to realize even bigger gains.

The research tells us that the impact of blackleg on yield is significant. A recent study showed that for each unit increase in disease severity, a grower can expect a 17.2% decline in yield[i]What does this mean in actual terms? A grower may get a 40 bu/ac canola crop and be happy and satisfied with that, but little did he know, he could have had a 47 bu/ac crop only had he grown a variety with more appropriate blackleg resistance.

Blackleg Severity

Source: Canola Council of Canada ‘Important Tips for Best Management’. 

In the past, selecting a variety with more appropriate blackleg resistance depended a lot on luck and less on management for two reasons:

  1. We did not know the type of genetic resistance in the canola hybrid and
  2. We did not know the type of blackleg races in the field

Today, both of these challenges have been addressed.

  1. Through the hard work of canola breeding teams, they have characterized the major genes in their varieties
  2. An industry initiative has developed a labelling system for these genes and
  3. A new stubble test has been developed that can detect the type of races present in a given field

You can now know what type of blackleg resistance you are buying in your canola hybrids and then match this up with the race profile from your stubble test result to get a more precise defense against the disease - leading to potentially significant yield improvements.

3 Steps to Beat Blackleg:

  1. Submit a stubble sample to the lab to test what strains are in your field
  2. Choose a hybrid that defends against that strain
  3. Improve your blackleg resistance and boost yields!

CANTERRA SEEDS is proud to be one of only a few seed companies that is currently disclosing its blackleg resistance genes. In fact, we are arguably the leader when it comes to blackleg as is evident by the diverse set of resistance genes we have available. This should make us your go-to seed brand for blackleg defense.

Blackleg 2018 chart

Currently, the Manitoba Canola Growers is offering its membership free stubble tests. For more information, please visit the following link:

Test are available at these labs:

Discovery Seeds Labs
20/20 Seed Labs
Discovery Seed Labs
Pest Surveillance Initiative
SGS Biovision (coming soon)

[i] Hwang, SF.; Strelkov, S.; Peng, G.; Ahmed, H.; Zhou, Q,; and Turnbull, G. Blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) Severity and Yield Loss in Canola in Alberta, Canada in Plants 2016, 5,31

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Early Maturing Corn and Soybeans - exclusive from PRIDE Seeds

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CANTERRA SEEDS is very excited to offer two new and exclusive products from our partners at PRIDE Seeds this year - PS 00078 XRN soybean and A3993G2 RIB corn. Both of the products are very early maturing.

PS 0078 XRN - Roundup Ready 2® Xtend

  • Very early maturity and an excellent option for ultra-early zones
    • One of the earliest beans on the market!
  • Very strong yields in this maturity class
  • Offers built-in SCN (soybean cyst nematode) protection
  • Download tech bulletin


A3993G2 RIB - VT Double Pro® RIB® Complete

  • Very early grain hybrid
  • Early flowering and fast finish
  • Strong agronomics including competitive yields, excellent spring vigor and rapid drydown
  • Very suitable for cold soils and early planting
  • Download tech bulletin

A3993G2 Ears Carman Aug28

Trial results are starting to come in, and you can check this link for the latest results

From Darren Nykoliation, Market Development Manager Corn & Soybeans:

A3993G2 RIB showed rapid emergence and very strong spring vigor this year. It also flowered early and produced a nice long cob. I also saw early drydown due to the early senescing husk and an appealing end of season plant appearance. 

PS 00078 XRN is an exciting new opportunity soybean for the ultra-early short season zones. In trials this summer I saw a visually attractive, medium height plant that had excellent pod set. Trial results aren't in yet, but I expect very good results for this maturity rating.

These exclusive products are only be offered through CANTERRA SEEDS retail partners. Click here to find a retail near you! 

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All About Seed #3 - Plant Breeders Rights

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All About Seed Series

In this latest installment of the All About Seed Series, we provide an overview of Plant Breeders Rights.

For more in the All About Seed Series click here.


CS2000 Compared to L241C

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Recently, InVigor canola sent a marketing piece to farmers in Western Canada. It looked like this:

Invigor 2018 Canola Lineup

Inside there are summaries of their Demonstration Strip Trial (DST) trials from 2017, including comparisons of CS2000, the clubroot resistant hybrid from CANTERRA SEEDS.

It's not surprising that BASF sees CS2000 as the hybrid to beat. It's been a top product in the clubroot region of Alberta since its launch. The combination of yield, maturity and unique disease resistance simply cannot be beat. 

But when we take a closer look at the yield data they included, we are concerned about the way CS2000 is being represented.

InVigor has included trials from 8 2017 DST sites. Here is a full list of the trials and the yields (bu/ac) at each location:

  L241C CS2000
Athabasca 66.4 65.1
Bentley 53.7 59.8
Maskwacis 67.4 66.2
Namao 75.5 77.5
Pickardville 64.1 53.7
Provost 49.5 46.3
Trochu 65.4 66.9
Wetaskiwin 58.1 52.8

You can see BASF has included a trial from Pickardville, AB. This trial was reported by the grower as having received significant hail; however, this is not noted by BASF in the information.

These same large-scale trials are included in the 2017 Canola Performance Trial (CPT) results. The CPT is managed by the Canola Council of Canada, and funded by the three Prairie grower groups. The CPT committee, after reviewing information about the extent of the hail at Pickardville, Alberta, made the decision to remove this trial from their results. View the full 2017 CPT here.

See below for the yield summary without the hailed site included.

CS2000 Large-scale CPT-1

With the unreliable Pickardville result removed by the CPT committee, the overall performance of CS2000 in comparison to L241C changes. Removing the hail result puts CS2000 on par for yield with L241C.  

L241C vs. CS2000

The yield of CS2000 and L241C are nearly identical in this trial summary. CANTERRA SEEDS encourages growers to look at other agronomic factors of the hybrids to make a deeper comparison. For example, both the clubroot and blackleg resistance of CS2000 is something that sets it apart. 

CS2000 has a unique source of clubroot resistance, which gives it protection to additional pathotypes, including 5X, 5G, 3O and 5K, making it an excellent rotational option in the clubroot zone.

CS2000 also has 2 major genes of blackleg resistance – confirmed by the new blackleg labeling system: R-CE1 which can lead to even higher yields.

Finally, we encourage growers to look at more than one data set when comparing yield information on today's canola hybrids. Don't rely on one set of trials when making this important growing decision.

To learn more about CS2000, or to find a retailer near you click here.

To check out the 2018 canola trial results click here. 

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All About Seed #2 - The Importance of Harvest Samples

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All About Seed Series

In this second installment of the All About Seed Series, learn about harvest sampling, and why it is important.

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The Impact of Boron on Corn

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This post is from our partners at PRIDE Seeds.

cobs picIn this photo, the cob on the bottom shows the obvious impact of a boron deficiency. 

In late August, PRIDE Seeds agronomist Drew Thompson was called to visit a grower’s corn field where the complaint was ears that were small, misshapen and poorly pollinated. 

The grower was frustrated, but also confused as the same seed had been planted into another field, a few concessions away with a different soil and crop history, but the same fertility and agronomic program.

“The other field looked just great,” said Thompson, with near perfect pollination and big, boast-worthy cobs. “What was going on,” he wondered.

A tour of the field with the disappointing ears demonstrated that not all the plants were affected, and plants with impressive cobs were mixed in with the poor. 

The field itself was quite uniform, silt to silty clay loam, with a few tougher knolls. 

Thompson observed that the knolls had more of the misshapen cobs, but some good cobs were also mixed in. 

“No nutrient deficiencies were apparent (no firing or discolouration) so out came the shovel,” he said. Digging up plants with good and poor cobs revealed a uniform seed placement of two inches, and all plants had roots growing out at a near perfect 35-degree angle. Again, Thompson wondered, what was going on?

Closer examination of the plants with the misshapen ears revealed that they were typically shorter, thinner stalked and had smaller tassels. Upon inspection of the tassels Thompson was surprised to see that quite a few of the glumes had not opened and no anthers had emerged. The kernels of the poor plants were also quite a bit less mature than those on the good plants.

What was going on?

Reading through the scientific literature on what might cause misshapen ears on shorter, thin-stalked plants with small tassels that didn’t fully release pollen provided a potential answer – boron.  

Boron is a micronutrient that plays a role in cell growth and development and is especially crucial for the development of the ears and tassel (boron is needed at the growing points, meristems, where the reproductive components of the plant form). 

Thompson returned to the field to pull tissues samples, of both good and poor plants, and sent them off to the lab for analysis.  Between the good and poor plants most nutrient levels were very close, but the plants with poor ears had only eight per cent the level of boron that the plants with properly developed ears had, and the boron levels of the good plants were lower than ideal, according to the lab report.  

“We were finally starting to see what was going on,” said Thompson. As seen in the photo below, the tassel on the right has been drastically affected by the boron deficiency.

tassle pic

Most of the boron in agricultural fields is found within the minerals that make up the inorganic fraction of the soil. As the soil minerals break down, the boron is released, where it can be temporarily held by the soil organic matter or, due to its highly mobile nature, can be taken up by plants or lost via leaching. 

The field with the misshapen ears had been planted late and was still quite small when the area experienced a stretch of hot, dry weather (late June to late July). As well, the knolls within the field were slightly eroded, with lower organic matter levels. 

Pulling all the information together, Thompson believes that the crop was forming its reproductive components during the hot, dry period and the limited moisture meant the plants couldn’t acquire sufficient levels of boron. “The issue was worse on the knolls with lower organic matter, less moisture holding capacity and less available boron,” he said. “Without adequate boron the plants were unable to properly develop either the tassels or ears.” 

No such issues had been reported in this field before, although yields were typically lower as it is further from the home livestock-based farm and it didn’t see manure or hay. And, while the lack of livestock influence may be a reason for the lower yields, Thompson believes that limited boron will be a reason for reduced yield this season.

Under ideal conditions, most of Ontario’s soils are likely to be able to supply adequate boron for corn production, with the exception of very coarse or low organic matter soils. However, as boron is such a mobile nutrient it is hard to accurately measure soil levels by soil sampling, beyond a ‘point in time’ measurement, so it is very hard to gauge a soil’s response to boron.  

“As well, during any given growing season we are likely to experience periods of sub-optimal conditions, which may make even soils with decent boron levels temporarily deficient,” says Thompson. 

Given the eye-opening shock of what can happen to a corn crop with sub-optimal boron levels and accepting the fact that hot and dry spells are getting longer and more frequent in Ontario, Thompson believes we need to better understand how to work this nutrient into our fertility programs.  

“Anyone interested in some on-farm trials?” he asks. 

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All About Seed #1 - Midge Tolerance In Canada

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All About Seed Series

In this first installment of the All About Seed Series, learn about Wheat Midge Tolerance in Canada.

Keep checking the series for more posts, added on a bi-weekly basis. 


All About Seed Series

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All About Seed Series


At CANTERRA SEEDS, we are all about seed. The company was started by 9 seed growers, and today we have grown into the most diverse seed company in Western Canada. Our diverse portfolio includes over 50 varieties in 10 different crop types.... to put in simply, we know a lot about seed.

If you have questions about seed in Western Canada and are looking for more information, you have come to the right place. Whether it be information about wheat, barley, peas or the latest in disease or industry topics - we'll be bringing it to you in this new, bi-weekly series - All About Seed.

The posts will be listed below as they are added to our blog. Check back often for updates, or sign up for our newsletter to receive the series automatically to your mailbox.

All About Seed Series

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Wheat Standability in the Snow

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Last week the Peace Region received an early dump of snow. Much of the crop is still in the field to be harvested.

Amidst the snow, an interesting result that was observed by Jesse Meyer, our Peace Region Territory Manager, was the standability of AAC Connery.

Compared to the other varieties on his farm, AAC Connery stood up the best, and was largely unaffected by the snow. This will allow farmers to get back in the field sooner, and will also help with grade retention.

AAC Connery on Jesse's family farm

Connery on the farm

AAC Connery vs. Stettler 

Connery vs Stettler-256325-edited

AAC Connery vs. Coleman 

Connery beside Coleman 2.0-297096-edited


Superb on the Farm

In the fall of 2016, much of Alberta faced a harvest-stopping snowstorm. A lot of crop was left in the field, and as a result, quality was hit hard.

This trial result is from that fall. It not only shows the good yield of AAC Connery, it clearly shows the grade retention the variety experienced.

Parkland Fertilizers Trial - 2016
Rix Farms
Wetaskiwin, AB

Variety Yield (bu/ac) Protein (%) CGC Grade
AAC Connery 84.4 14.9 3 CW
AAC Brandon 84.1 13.8 Feed
AC Muchmore 83.2 13.6 Feed

This trial was harvested after the snow storm. The farmer had the varieties graded and the only one that kept the milling grade was AAC Connery. Also, note the significant protein advantage (+1.1 to 1.3 %) over the competing varieties.


We never want to see early season snowstorms, but when they happen, it's good to know AAC Connery will stand up and retain its quality for growers.

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Brian Knull Memorial Scholarship

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About us

The Brian Knull Memorial Scholarship honours the memory of Brian Knull, our coworker and friend.  

Brian Knull

Brian was a born in Wetaskiwin and raised on a farm in the County of Wetaskiwin. He attended Pigeon Lake Regional High School and University of Alberta taking Agriculture. Brian worked in the Agriculture field for over 40 years and contributed much to his community and local 4-H.

The Brian Knull Memorial Scholarship was created in 2018 by CANTERRA SEEDS and the Knull Family to encourage rural students to continue with their education at a post-secondary institution. 

The $1500 scholarship will be awarded on a yearly basis.

For more information and to apply, please follow this link.

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2018 Local Trial Results

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Being a full portfolio seed company, CANTERRA SEEDS invests in a full network of local performance trials across Western Canada every summer.

Some of these trials are managed by our in-house team, like the Success Site at Portage la Prairie, MB.

2018 Portage la Prairie Success Tour

Portage 2018

Some are managed by third-parties, such as the site at Ag in Motion outside of Saskatoon, SK.

2018 AIM Overview_3


But the majority of our trials are managed by seed growers, commercial farmers and our retail partners. In total this year we had 314 trials - 159 canola, 46 pedigreed and 109 corn and soybean trials.

2018 Canola Demo Trials 

2018 Canola Trials


When yield results are available we post them on our website. Win, lose or draw, we post all trial results. You can check the 2018 trial results progress, or look up historical trials from 2017 and 2016 at

New for 2018, we will be posting results from our comprehensive pedigreed trial program, featuring wheat, oats and barley as well as flax and peas.

Are you interested in receiving trial result updates from CANTERRA SEEDS to your inbox this summer? Sign up below for regular updates:


How to Estimate Your Soybean Yields

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There are numerous factors that affect soybean yields - management factors, weather, variety choice. But an estimate of your yield can be calculated by looking at the number of pods, seed size and number of seeds per pod.

Here is a calculation that will allow you to estimate your soybean yield.

Pods x Seeds per Pod / Seed Size = Estimated bushels per acre

Number of Pods

Count the number of pods in 1/10,000th of an acre. This works out to 21" and the following number of rows:

  • 1 row for 30" row spacing
  • 2 rows at 15" spacing
  • 4 rows at 7.5" spacing

Seeds per Pod

The starting point is 2.5 seeds per pod as an average, since pods can have anywhere from 1-4 seeds in them. This is a conservative estimate.

Seed Size Factor

Here the starting point is 18, which is fairly representative of 3,000 seeds per lb. If you expect larger seeds use a smaller factor, 15, and if you expect smaller seeds, possibly due to poor seed filling from lack of rain or other stress, use a larger factor like 21.

So to use the formula above, the calculation could be:

300 x 2.5 / 18 = 41.6 bu/ac

Want to try our handy calculator to estimate your soybean yield? Click on the image below to give it a try.


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Combine Tips for Harder to Thresh Wheat

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Combine Tips

With every variety you take the good with the not so good….in the case of AAC Connery CWRS, it has excellent protein, high-quality retention and grade retention, however, some growers find it harder to thresh. Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your AAC Connery crop.

The ultimate goal is to maintain straw and head integrity until it reaches the threshing components of the combine.

Before you even get in the combine, one tip you may want to consider is to take off the AAC Connery when it is slightly tougher, even just a couple of moisture points. It is tougher to get the kernel out of the head when the crop is drier, and the added moisture makes it easier to maintain stock integrity.

Slow Down… or Maybe Speed Up

If your crop is dry, keep in mind that the goal should be to have the entire plant going into the rotor of the combine, ultimately having the kernel pop out, while leaving the rest of the trash separated, intact.

With today’s more aggressive pre-rotor beaters, you may need to slow down the feeder house slightly to avoid metal on grain threshing. With more material entering the combine rotor intact, the rotor will do the threshing. It is better to have grain on grain threshing – this leads to significantly less breakage.

Getting the Concaves Right

The next step is to set your concaves tight enough to match the amount of material entering but not so tight to over-thresh it. Adding filler plates to your concave allows for more grain material rotation inside the rotor before the grain falls into the chaffer. You want to hold the material in the rotor a little longer.

Set Your Chaffer, Fan and Sieve

Adjust your chaffer to allow free grain and any white caps to pass through. Any grain not passing through the chaffer becomes lost grain. The goal is to have just enough fan speed to push the lighter chaff out but have the heavier grain and white caps pass through to the sieve. Grain will pass through the sieve and into the grain tank while white caps will pass off the back of the sieve, into returns allowing for an opportunity to re-thresh the white cap.

To summarize, here are the tips for threshing AAC Connery or other harder to thresh wheat:

  • Get the plant into the rotor cage intact. Feed the rotor with gentle, heads-first material.
  • Try to achieve aggressive grain on grain threshing
  • Add filler plates in concave to hold the material in the rotor a little longer (regardless the colour of your machine) More rotations add threshing action.
  • Set your chaffer and fan so you’re not losing any whitecaps.
  • Set bottom sieve so free grain falls through, but any white caps pass off the back and into returns to be re-threshed.
  • Trying to limit your returns by fine tuning chaffer, fan and sieve settings.

Connery Thresh 2Connery Thresh

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Addressing Durum Growers’ #1 Concern, Moisture

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Durum Wheat

We’ve had a dry year in a lot of the Prairies this year. The main durum growing areas of Saskatchewan and Alberta are no exception. So, it is not surprising that in a recent poll, growers named their number one durum concern to be too much/too little moisture.

Durum Poll

Are all Varieties Affected by Moisture in the Same Way?

We all know that the amount of moisture received in a year can greatly impact a crop, but what’s tougher to detect is if all varieties are affected in the same way.

In the typical durum growing regions for the province, drought conditions or lack of moisture are definite concerns. However, in 2015 we had an abnormally wet year.

If we take a look at the yield results in the 2016 SK Seed Guide, we see the following: 

The highest yielding variety was CDC Precision, followed by CDC Alloy and AAC Spitfire.

However, when we look at 2018 Guide, where we returned to normally drier levels, the results tell a different story. The yields as a % of Strongfield for many of the previous top performers have started to drop. Also note that the averages are cumulative, meaning they show the average % yield for all the years previously tested.


Interestingly, the yield % for AAC Congress durum has increased over the three-year period, suggesting AAC Congress does better in low moisture years compared to other genetics.

Another way to potentially look at the effect of moisture on a variety is to compare the results for Area 1 & 2, which is typically drier, and Area 3 & 4, which usually experiences more precipitation. A large swing in yield % could suggest the variety performs differently under wet and dry conditions.


The largest swings in % are seen in Brigade and CDC Credence, while AAC Cabri, CDC Carbide and AAC Congress show the smallest difference.

Look at Data for Your Area

The SK Seed Guide publishes data by Area, combining Area 1 & 2 further to the south and west, and Area 3 & 4 in the north and east. A map of the areas can be found here.

It’s important for durum growers to pay attention to the area data when referencing the seed guide. Area 1 & 2 is the typical durum growing region, and while there is value in referencing the data for Area 3 & 4, growers should be wary of basing decisions on this area data alone. Don’t just scan the chart for the highest yield number and pick that variety! Take a closer look at the data for your own area – how should you expect a variety to perform in a typical year on your farm?


Here the highest yielding varieties are CDC Alloy, AAC Precision at 110% followed closely by AAC Congress and AAC Spitfire at 109%. It will be interesting to see what the 2019 guide shows after another dry year across the durum growing regions of Saskatchewan.

Talk to Other Farmers and Seed Growers

At the end of the day, seed guide information can be valuable, but it can never tell you the whole story. A great way to know how a durum variety will perform in your area, and under varying moisture conditions, is to talk to other farmers and seed growers.

As our customers are entering their combines and taking AAC Congress off the field, we’ve had an early yield report from one of them in Southwest Saskatchewan.

On this field he only received ½” of rain this year. After just combining his AAC Congress he reported a yield of 29 bu/acre. This is a very positive result in such a dry, dry field and the seed grower is very happy!

We’ll keep posting testimonials and yield results as they come in. Check back here.

A list of CANTERRA SEEDS durum growers can be found here.

Crossfield Launch.jpg

AAC Crossfield Launch party celebrates the ground breaking 4-P agreement with new Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat variety.

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(Calgary Alberta) August 16, 2018 – The Alberta Wheat Commission (AWC) and CANTERRA SEEDS LTD. are pleased to launch AAC Crossfield – the first new variety resulting from their historic public, private, producer partnership (4-P). Celebrations will take place at a launch party at CANTERRA SEEDS Demonstration plots in Olds, AB later today.
AAC Crossfield seed is currently under production through CANTERRA SEEDS’ seed grower shareholders, and will be commercially available to farmers this fall in advance of Spring 2019 seeding. 
This first-of-its-kind partnership, totalling $3.4 million over five years, is aimed at combining the strengths of producers, along with the public and private sectors, to create improved CPSR wheat varieties for farmers. Breeding for this partnership is being led by Dr. Harpinder Randhawa based out of AAFC Lethbridge. 
“AWC and our 4-P partners are proud to launch AAC Crossfield,” said Kevin Bender, AWC Chair. “This is a great example of farmer dollars bringing new varieties to market.”
The launch party will be held at the CANTERRA SEEDS demonstration plots at Olds, AB. Attendees will hear from Dr. Harpinder Randhawa who will provide a technical overview of the variety and Colette Prefontaine with CANTERRA SEEDS LTD who will speak on the agronomic benefits of this variety.
"We are very excited to see the results of this ground-breaking partnership coming to life with the commercial release of AAC Crossfield," said David Hansen, President and CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS.
Under the agreement, AWC will receive a share of royalties on new varieties resulting from the program to be used for future CPSR research and development. CANTERRA SEEDS provides additional technical and field-testing capacity for the CPSR material from AAFC Lethbridge, and increased funding and support for the program as a whole. CANTERRA SEEDS receives first right of refusal on new varieties resulting from the 4-P program. CANTERRA SEEDS also provides links to the entire value chain, a deeper understanding of end-user requirements and broad experience in seed production and commercialization.

Media Contact:
Sheena Pitura
Director of Marketing 

Crossfield Launch

Dr. Harpinder Randhawa, Brent Derkatch and Cosmin Badea at the Olds, AB plot


5 Tips to Prepare for Harvest

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Harvest time is nearly upon us in much of Western Canada. As you start your harvest prep, here are 5 tips from our team to ensure you are prepared.

1. Know Your Crops and Make a Plan

Make a rough outline of the crops and varieties you grew this year. Which crops will mature first, and if you grew multiple varieties of the same crop kind, which one(s) will turn faster? Did you have any fields damaged by severe weather, disease or insects? These fields might mature faster or have issues with lodging and might need to be bumped up the list. Alternatively, you may want to leave a damaged crop until later in the season, knowing it’s yield potential is already limited.

The ultimate goal is to develop a map for your order of harvest. Of course, you’ll also need to keep checking all fields for surprises in maturity and crop development.

2. Prepare Your Equipment

Likely the most obvious tip on our list, but quite possibly the most important. Don’t wait until the day before you expect to start harvest to pull your equipment out of the shed. Give yourself plenty of time to check machinery, augers, bins, trucks and grain dryers. Also take the time to prepare and calibrate your yield monitor. If anything isn’t ready to go, the downtime will cost you time and money.

3. Keep it Clean

The fall application of glyphosate is a widely used tool by many growers, but has come under increased scrutiny lately from negative consumer perceptions. What can you do to protect this important tool for years to come? (taken from

  • Always follow the label. Labels on crop protection products have been developed through Canada’s science-based regulatory process. The labels ensure safe use of crop protection products and help ensure that residues do not become a marketing concern.
  • Do not apply glyphosate to cereals when kernels are 30% moisture or greater in the least mature areas of the field.
  • Abide by the pre-harvest interval.
  • Some customers have contract limitations on fall application of glyphosate. Talk to your grain buyers to ensure they know what crop protection products you intend to use, and to confirm that none of these products will cause concern for export or domestic customers.

For all crops, make sure you are following the pre-harvest interval guidelines, and using only registered chemistry at the recommended rates. The Keep it Clean website is a great source of information - click here.

4. Keep Equipment Clean Too

With the growing threat of clubroot and other diseases like Goss’s wilt, cleaning your equipment between fields is an important prevention tool for future years. Clubroot spores are easily spread with soil residue from one field to the next, and Goss’s wilt can overwinter in crop residue.

5. Diagnose and Document Problems Right Away

Have a field that didn’t perform as expected? Your best bet is to try to diagnose the issue right away. It is a lot easier to find out whether the cause is related to disease, moisture, weeds, insects or simply variety performance during harvest then after the fact. This information will also help you to build a plan for next season’s crop.

Hopefully these few tips will help prepare for the season. Everyone at CANTERRA SEEDS wishes you a safe and productive harvest.


Swathing Canola: Understanding the 60% Seed Colour Change Rule

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Canola harvest will be happening soon, and farmers are looking for ways to get as much of their crop in the bin as possible. The traditional approach to accomplish this has been to swath at 60% seed colour change (SCC). Any earlier, and you could lose yield, any later and you can also lose yield – seems like a pretty narrow window! But as many growers can attest, this 60% rule is more art than science.

A perfectly uniform stand in canola is generally the exception rather than the rule (unless you’ve tried our newest CS2300 of course 😊). This makes it challenging to accurately assess crop maturity. This being the case, western Canadian growers are no slouches when it comes to canola – most have developed a finely tuned spidey sense on when they need to swath.

While the majority of canola growers know when to act, you occasionally drive by a freshly cut field with swaths greener than a St. Patrick’s Day parade. Perhaps the field was at a higher risk of frost, in which case, the early swath timing would be justified. Either way, cutting too early can decrease crop yield, crop quality such as protein/oil content, and increase chlorophyll retention leading to reduction in grade [i] - this of course needs to be minimized to maximize both yield and quality and ultimately overall returns.

What exactly does the 60% rule mean? Starting from the bottom of the main stem, crack pods and count the number of seeds that have started to turn colour. Work your way up by sampling pods at the mid and highest point of the main stem. Seeds from this higher tier may still be green but can be rolled without being crushed between the fingers. When the percentage of seeds counted have either turned colour or can be rolled reaches 60%, the crop is ready to swath. The artistry comes in selecting the most representative plants in the field, estimating the percentage of seeds that have turned (unless you really do want to count all of them), and even finding the main stem to begin with, which can be a particular challenge on plants with lots of branching, typical on fields with low plant populations.

Where cutting the crop too early can lead to reduced yield and quality, higher yield, protein and oil content have been observed in a crop where the seeds have had a chance to develop longer[ii]. Delayed swathing or straight-cutting can help to prolong development, so why doesn’t everyone delay swath or switch to straight-cutting? Shatter losses have been the main limiting factor, however there are now several hybrids on the market that provide higher tolerance to shattering. In general, products with these claims can buy you more time at harvest and be cut at 80% SCC or can be straight-cut at 100% SCC, thereby minimizing the chance that you’ll cut too early.

While straight-cutting may seem like a silver bullet, there are still benefits to swathing canola that many don’t want to give up, such as earlier harvest, better management options in uneven stands, potential for more uniform seed maturity, and better dry down of green weed seeds to reduce dockage moisture, thereby minimizing spoilage during storage. Others also consider the overall package of the hybrid. Where one variety might have pod-shatter tolerance, a variety better suited to swathing might have better blackleg resistance and the decision will come down to where a grower sees the most potential to preserve yield - am I going to lose more to shatter or disease?

Whatever harvest method a grower chooses, CANTERRA SEEDS has canola hybrids for you. To learn more, please visit our product pages.

[i] Vera, C.L., Downey, R.K., Woods, S.M., Raney, J.P., McGregor, D.I., Elliot, R.H. and Johnson, E.N. 2007. Yield and quality of canola seed as affected by stage of maturity at swathing. Can.J.Plant Sci. 87:13-26

[ii] Vera et. al.


Everything Cereal Growers Need to Know About Plant Growth Regulators

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What are Plant Growth Regulators and Why the Sudden Increase in Interest?

Plant growth regulators are sprayed on plants to modify their growth and development. In western Canadian cereal crops they can reduce plant height and increase stem thickness, which helps reduce lodging.

While plant growth regulators are relatively new to western Canadian cereal growers, they have been widely used in other parts of the world for many years. In Europe, 73% of the cereal acres were treated with a growth regulator, and 37% were treated more than once. Source

The recent increased interest in plant growth regulators can be attributed to the United States establishing an MRL (maximum residue limit) for chlormequat chloride, the active ingredient in MANIPULATOR Plant Growth Regulator. Previously, growers were cautioned about using PGR because of the potential market risk. As Cam Dahl, President of Cereals Canada stated “This is a potentially valuable tool that has seen limited use in Canada because of the lack of approval in the U.S. and the market risk that this entailed. That barrier to use has been removed.”


How do Plant Growth Regulators Work in Cereals and What are the Benefits?

There are two main types of plant growth regulators. Ethylene releasing compounds add the hormone ethylene to the plant when sprayed on the crop, which reduces height and thickens the stem. In cereals the window to spray is very narrow, sometimes only a few days, and spraying outside of this window can cause crop damage. Some growers are very experienced in using this product, but new users may be scared away by the restrictive window.  

Anti-gibberellin products, like Manipulator from Engage Agro which contains chlormequat chloride, reduce gibberellin production which in turn reduces plant height and thickens the plant stem.

PGR’s are sprayed on the crop the same way as pesticides. Manipulator can be sprayed at lower temperatures (down to 1C), through a wide window of application (2-3 leaf through flag leaf stage) and has excellent tank mix compatibility.

Engage Agro has a lot of information on their website about the optimal timing for spraying Manipulator. They explain that the best results are seen when Manipulator is sprayed at the 5-6 leaf stage, followed by very good results if sprayed at the flag leaf stage. They also provide info on how to avoid a separate pass by tank mixing Manipulator with a flag leaf fungicide application.

This graph from Engage Agro shows the effect of spraying Manipulator at different timing.

Manipulator graph

More information on Manipulator can be found on Engage Agro’s website.


What Cereal Varieties are Best Suited for Plant Growth Regulators?

According to information from the Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, PGR performance depends on crop species and cultivar, and some PGRs work better on some crop species than others. For Manipulator, wheat is the most responsive, followed by barley and least of all oats. At this time there is only an MRL for spring wheat, winter wheat and durum wheat in Canada.

Not all wheat varieties respond the same to PGR application. In our trials this summer CANTERRA SEEDS has seen an initial height reduction with Manipulator on Glenn and AAC Cameron VB. These photos were taken on July 6th, 2018, 61 days after planting.

PGR in wheat

Glenn is the second variety from the front and AAC Cameron VB is directly behind it. The other varieties are experimental wheat lines from LCRC.

On the durum wheat in our Elton, MB site, the greater effects of the PGR (at far right of photo) are seen on AAC Congress than CDC Creedence.

PGR in durum

AAC Congress in the first variety from the bottom, followed by CDC Credence behind it.

This photo was taken on AAC Cameron VB plants pulled from a trial at Indian Head. The plant difference is very clear.


Engage Agro also has a handy app Click for iTunes where trials results by variety, in addition to a lot of other information, can be found. This graph shows the response in AAC Cameron VB.


Is it Worth it to Spray a Plant Growth Regulator on Your Wheat?

The question on whether or not to spray a PGR on your wheat will come down to the cost per acre, and the added benefit you expect to receive. If you are growing a variety that is prone to lodging, and in an area with high levels of moisture and fertility, and have a high expected yield potential, the cost per acre (approximately $15/acre*) may be easily justified. Lodging can rob your crop of yield, create uneven maturity, loss of quality and cause problems at harvest.

PGR use will likely increase in popularity in Western Canada in the coming years as more research is done, new products are registered, and growers start to measure the cost/benefit on their own farm.

Still looking for more information on Plant Growth Regulators? This video from the Alberta Wheat Commission provides a great overview. 

*Check with your local retailer for pricing


CANTERRA SEEDS joins the craft beer movement

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AAC Connect

can-mockup-connect-the-plotThe folks at CANTERRA SEEDS have long considered ourselves craft beer fans, but until now, we haven’t considered ourselves craft beer producers.

To be honest, we still aren’t brewing our own craft beer, but we have partnered with a few in the industry to create “Connect the Plots” craft beer for 2018.

Red Shed Malting – The whole process starts here, where the Hamill family produces premium quality base malts from their own farm and other local farms. Using our new 2 row barley variety, AAC Connect, all of the malt in our craft brew comes from Red Shed Malting.

Blog: Red Shed Malting shares what you need to know about malt barley

9 Mile Legacy Brewing Co. Ltd. is a small nanobrewery located in the heart of Saskatoon. As they put it, their business is a tradition of neighbours working together and approaching community with small town values and work ethic. Their name is a reference to their two family farms, which have been located 9 miles apart for over a century.

Ale through Sight Glass

After dropping a bag of AAC Connect malt off at their brewery, head brewer Garrett Pederson got straight to work brewing a blonde ale. When asked how the brew process went, Garrett said “AAC Connect had good efficiency and, as a 2 row base malt, provided a nice blank canvas on which to express brewing creativity." The Connect the Plots Ale was brewed as a fairly straightforward blonde ale, so as to showcase the malt profile provided by the base malt. Light amounts of Magnum and Aramis hops were added to the beer as was a bit of white wheat to help with head retention (a pretty usual addition for brewers). "From our perspective as small scale craft brewer, it is always fun to use different varieties of barley and see how they perform in the brewhouse. We are looking forward to seeing how AAC Connect may respond to different malting techniques and profiles."

Kegs and Brite Tanks

Torque Brewing is located in Winnipeg, the same city as CANTERRA SEEDS’ head office. So, in addition to meeting their team in person, we were able to take a tour of the facility and sample their delicious beer. As they like to say, “Manitoba needed a few more breweries to help spread the craft beer word, so we gathered up a team and started writing a business plan and swinging hammers.” As an added bonus, Torque has a canning line, so we are able to share cool, refreshing Connect the Plots Traditional Blonde Ale from Torque throughout the summer.DSC_8305

Last but not least is a partner we’ve worked with before, Olds College Brewery. The College offers a Brewmaster and Brewery Operations Management program, in addition to a retail store on campus. At their 2000+ sq foot facility they teach students the art and science behind brewing the best beer possible. The team here has been awesome to work with, and we’re looking forward to sampling their version of Connect the Plots at Alberta this summer.

CANTERRA SEEDS has no plans to start our own brewery, but it’s been great working with partners like these to produce Connect the Plots craft beer and showcase AAC Connect 2 row malt barley.

Join us at a tour this summer to try some for yourself!

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Announcing our new TruFlex Hybrid

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CS2600 CR-T

Today, CANTERRA SEEDS is announcing plans to launch a TruFlex™ canola with Roundup Ready® Technology hybrid to the market for the 2019 growing season.

The TruFlex™ trait is the newest canola trait from Monsanto and is designed for a broad range of growing conditions. Monsanto lists the benefits to growers as: improved control of tough weeds, flexibility in spray rates and timing, and higher yield potential through genetics and improved crop safety, all as compared to Monsanto’s current technology.

CS2600 CR-T is the new TruFlex™ canola hybrid from CANTERRA SEEDS. In addition to the TruFlex™ canola trait, this multi-benefit hybrid offers unique clubroot resistance and straight-cut potential, combined with above average yields. With its early maturity, CS2600 CR-T should be an excellent fit in clubroot and shorter season growing zones.

“The new CS2600 CR-T is a unique offer within our portfolio,” said Shaan Tsai, Canola Product Development Manager for CANTERRA SEEDS. “Growers looking to try TruFlex™ canola have an excellent option in CANTERRA SEEDS, in a hybrid that combines many of the features they are looking for.”

CS2600 CR-T is included in a range of stewarded trials this summer, but is not yet available for commercial sale. CANTERRA SEEDS will not release any Truflex™ canola product to the market until Chinese import approval has been granted for the TruFlex™ trait. Monsanto has previously stated they believe this approval should come in the first quarter of 2019.


For more information on CS2600 CR-T click here.

For more information on TruFlex technology, click here.


How to make your own canary seed milk””

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Canary seed, a cereal grain crop previously used as feed for caged and wild birds, was approved for human consumption by Health Canada in January of 2016. This was exciting news for Canadian growers who produce 65% of the world's canary seed.

Looking to give canary seed a try? Here's a homegrown recipe canary seed "milk" recipe from our seed growers - Ken and Lovane Clancy! They make canary seed beverage all the time and have it for breakfast or a healthy drink.

To make this recipe you will need a good blender like a Vitamix.

Soak 1 cup of whole canary seed in the fridge for at least 8 hours. This helps to loosen the hull, softens the seed and helps activate the lipase enzyme. 


Rinse the seeds and pour into your blender. 1 cup of seeds will product 2 quarts of finished milk.


Add 2 quarts of cold water and blend for 3 minutes. Don't blend it too long or it will turn into hot soup!


Pour the blended mixture through a fine strainer to remove the broken up hulls. 


Pour this strained liquid clear containers.


Allow the mixture to sit and rest for about 5 minutes so the fibre settles. Don't let it sit too long or the white mixture will begin to settle as well. 


Pour the white liquid into 2 quart jars, being careful to leave the brown fibre at the bottom.

Top the jars off with a bit of ice water. Drink and enjoy! Refrigerate any leftovers.


Canola Watch.jpg

Time to Start Scouting Canola Fields

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The Canola Council of Canada shared some great tips on scouting in their May 24 Canola Watch Issue. Click here to read the full article or check out the summary below.

Step 1: Count plants and relate that to seeding rate. Scouting and doing plant counts repeatedly through the first few weeks after emergence can help you discover any seedling diseases, flea beetles, frost and other factors that can influence seed survival.

Step 2: Assess seeder performance. Look for missed passes, indications of plugged lines, or depth problems.

Other things you should be looking for:

  • Insect damage - remember that flea beetles need to take a bite of the plant before they will die
  • Seedling diseases - a telltale sign is patchy emergence up to the 4 leaf stage
  • Early blackleg - looking for greyish-white lesions speckled with black pycnidia
  • Weeds
  • Herbicide damage
  • Fertilizer damage - might show seeds that are dried up and powder-like
  • Frost - when the days are very warm, even a light frost can hurt your canola
  • Residue

Finding Your Optimal Canola Seeding Rate

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It’s that time of year again where growers are brushing up on their agronomy to help increase yield, minimize costs and maximize ROI. One topic that many like to refresh on around this time is seeding rate.

Much research has been done and many articles written on seeding rates for canola. If you're looking to adjust seeding rates to save money, you need to be mindful of the trade-offs.

Right Seeding Rate, Right Plant Density

The research tells us that the magic number is 5 plants/ft² for minimum plant stand at harvest. Anything less will have a significant negative impact on yield but anything more, interestingly enough, won’t have the same negative consequences. In fact, higher seeding rates can lead to benefits – such as better emergence, better crop biomass, and fewer days to crop maturity. This is attributed to more uniform stands due to less compensatory branching that you’d get under thin stand conditions.

Growers who find themselves with smaller sized seed (i.e. 3.5g TSW), and are looking to minimize days to maturity, especially in more northern tier growing regions, can bump up their rates, expect an earlier harvest time and also reduce the cost from the traditional 5 lbs/ac recommendation. As an example, suppose a grower has smaller sized canola seed of 3g (TKW) and plays it smart by targeting a plant density of 9 plants/ft² instead of 5 plants/ft² (and assuming 60% seed survival). The grower would only be looking at a 4.3 lbs/ac seeding rate and so could expect a better ROI outcome.

Other benefits that have been observed with higher seeding rates are higher TSW and even higher oil content. To help realize these benefits, experts advise that your target plant population should be between 7-10 plants/ft² as a proper risk management strategy. This accounts for any plant mortality that may occur throughout the season, be this from the result of pest pressure, environmental factors or even challenging planting conditions. There does not appear to be a significant negative impact on yield when going over 10 plants/ft². At 14 plants/ft², the highest rate studied no negative impacts were observed.

Seeding Calculator 

Seed Size: Is Bigger Better?

A common perception is that bigger is better when it comes to seed size. Intuitively, this sounds right and the research does show some benefits, including better early season vigor to increase early crop competition. Larger seed size has even been correlated with better resilience to flea beetle damage due to the bigger shoot biomass having a better shot at recovery. Surprisingly though, when it comes to the important metric of impact on emergence and yield – the results are insignificant or inconclusive at best.

Some have observed an increase in emergence and yield with an increase in seed size of very small lots (i.e. from 2 to 4 g TSW), but for any seed size larger than that, no significant benefit related to emergence or yield has been observed. In fact, because these studies used bare rather than treated seed, one can argue that seed size of commercially available canola varieties has no impact on emergence or yield. It is all treated therefore the impact of flea beetles and other factors are greatly reduced. For those who do find themselves with larger sized seed who want to target a respectable plant density while being mindful of costs, the adjusted seeding rate wouldn’t be terribly higher than the traditional 5lbs/ac. For example, for a grower using a 5g TSW targeting 7 plants/ft² (and assuming 60% seed survival) they would be looking at 5.6 lbs/ac – not exactly a backbreaking amount.

There is some complexity when weighing the costs and benefits of going with one seeding rate and seed size over another. Based on what the research shows, unless you have really small sized seed, a good rule of thumb is to stick with the traditional recommendation of 5 lbs/ac. This simplifies things without the pressure of additional seed costs.

However if you do find yourself planting under challenging conditions (i.e. too dry, too deep, too wet, too cold etc.), it may pay to bump up rates to account for the additional plant mortality to ensure one achieves the 5 plants/ft² needed to preserve yield potential.


Elliot, R. H., Franke, C. and Rakow, G.F.W.2008. Effects of seed size and seed weight on seedling establishment, vigour and tolerance of Argentine canola to flea beetles. Can J. Plant Sci. 88:207-217

Harker, K.N., O'Donovan, J.T., Smith, E.G., Johnson, E.N., Peng, G., Willenborg, C.J., Gulden, R.H., Mohr, R.M., Gill, K.S., and Grenkow, L.A. (2015). "Seed size and seeding rate effects on canola emergence, development, yield and seed weight.", Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 95(1), pp. 1-8. doi : 10.4141/cjps-2014-222


Tips for Healthy Living During Seeding

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Healthy Living

Spring is upon us and so are long hours in tractor and truck cabs. Here are some healthy living tips to keep in mind while heading back into the field.



Drinking plenty of water can help keep your body healthy and functioning at its highest capacity. Studies show that water can boost your mood and brainpower as well as prevent headaches. So try to avoid soda and energy drinks, that tend to be high in sugar, keeping in mind that sugar highs come crashing down and go for the clear stuff. We recommend drinking water throughout the day to help keep you hydrated and alert. It also doesn't hurt to throw in a shot of coffee into the mix every now and again to help keep you going... just go easy on the sugar!



Make sure you have a good stash of food that will last your entire shift. Make a plan and stick to it, eating smaller amounts every few hours is a better strategy than chowing through all your pre- packed goodies in the first few hours of the day. Too often poor planning leads to the avoidable fate of being HANGRY and ain’t nobody likes that! Choose fruits, vegetables and foods high in protein and fiber. It is important to choose meals and snacks with good nutritional value, to again, avoid the sugar crash and ward off fatigue.



Make sure your hot foods stay hot and your cold foods stay cold. Farmers should be aware if their lunch boxes or coolers are keeping the optimum food temperature to prevent food spoilage. Make sure your current cooler/lunch box is doing its job. Update outdated coolers, or even better, have someone come by and refuel you on a regular basis. It’s almost impossible to keep food hot in the cab of tractor for 12 plus hours, plus, you could always use the company, right?



When it comes to sanitation, many aren’t aware of the bacteria they’re ingesting due to the residue on their hands. Stock up on baby wipes for cleaning your hands and face to make sure you get the seed treatment, dirt, grease, and who knows what else off your hands and face. We recommend the life-sized box from Costco!

Tip #5 SLEEP


Get some! Enough said!



Follow @RuralFitnessSK on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram and get up off yo ass for a few minutes and move around. There is a 5 min Friday every week that gives some exercises to do using things around the farm. One could easily get their heart rate up while filling the drill. This will help re-energize and wake you up.



Staying alert involves a combination of adequate sleep, eating good nutritious meals and snacks spaced out throughout the day, making sure you’re getting lots of water and adding in a bit of exercise and stretching whenever possible. All of this helps keep energy and concentration levels up which is very important when working with heavy machinery. Also downloading a deadly playlist can go a long way to making a good day.

*Shameless plug. Check out our playlists on Spotify



Tip #7.5 SLEEP


Ok we’re revisiting this one again because it is very important and it’s sometimes hard to know when to pull the plug, but when you put in a long day and find yourself falling asleep... go get some Zzzzz and start fresh in the morning!

Wishing you all a safe, happy and healthy seeding season! 

25C soybeans.jpg

How to Make Sure Your Soybeans Get A Good Start

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Similar to corn, soybeans need a good start to get a strong stand. Along with the field being “fit” for planting, the first 24 hours after being put in the ground are very important. Just like corn, soybeans can get chilling injury from a cold first drink of water, resulting in a reduced stand, and possibly needing to replant.

The following pictures tell a very good story to show the importance of the first 24 hours.

Warm Soils = Great Stand

25C soybeans

In the above picture you can see a tray of soybeans that were planted into 25˚C soil and left at that temperature 17 days. There is an excellent stand and the soybeans are off to a great start. The key thing to note in this picture is that the soil was warm and kept warm.

Cold Soils = Uneven Emergence

7C soybeans

This picture shows soybeans that were planted into soil at a temperature of 7˚C. It was kept this temperature for 20 hours then warmed up to 25˚C for 17 days. You can see a drastic difference in the emergence with only 3 plants at unifoliate, some at cotyledon stage, but a big portion of the seeds not emerged. The biggest take away that this picture shows is the soil was only at a the lower temperature (7˚C) for 20 hours! This illustrates that the first drink of water is crucial for the crop's success.

Warm Start = Good Start

25-7-25C Soybeans

In this last picture the soybeans were planted into warm soil (25˚C) and kept there for 8 hours. The soil was then cooled to 7˚C for 4 days. After that, the soil was again warmed to 25˚C for the remainder of the 17 days. Again you can see that the 1st drink of water for the seed is so important to the success of your crop. A couple plants are delayed, but in general these soybeans are established and will make a more than successful soybean crop.

Remember when planting this spring that the first drink of water your soybeans take is crucial to their development and success. Keep your thermometer handy!

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Why waiting to plant corn may be your best strategy

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2018 feels like the winter that just won’t quit, and Western Canada, Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes are all in the same boat it seems.

But spring is just around the corner, and we will get corn and soybeans planted like we always do. We can’t change the weather but we can certainly manage how we plant.

You will hear many agronomists talk about planting when it’s fit. But what does ‘fit’ really mean?

We consider it to be the following:

  • Soil moisture is such that you can’t ball the soil in your hand when you squeeze it, throughout much of the field
  • Soil temperature is close to 10 degrees Celsius and is warming

Soil Temperature

Let’s start with soil temperature and the reason it is so vital in giving the seed the best start you can.

A corn seed needs to take up 50% of its weight in water to start germination, and the soil temperature needs to be 10 degrees C or greater to start germination.

If that water is colder than 10 degrees C, either from soil moisture or a rain, it can cause what’s called Imbibitional Chilling Injury (ICI).


chilling injury corn

In the above photo you can see what the cold injury does to the seedling, making the mesocotyl appear almost like a corkscrew.

ICI can also cause the seedling to leaf out underground as seen in this next photo. When this happens, the chance of having a reduced stand and delayed emergence is greatly increased.

chilling injury

In corn, every unharvestable ear in 1/1000th of an acre equates to 5-7bu/ac in yield loss. To put that in perspective, in a 30” row width, measure 17’ 5” and that is equal to 1/1000th of an acre.

An unharvestable ear is one that is much further delayed than the rest or maybe didn’t pollinate. In extreme cases, the plant may not even produce a single ear.

In silage, remember that the ear represents 50% of your yield, so that can mean some pretty big losses.

This is the number one reason we want the soil and weather to be in a warming trend when we plant corn.

Soil Moisture

We mentioned the soil should not being able to be balled in your hand as an indicator of ground fitness.

This is also very important as compaction is a killer to corn. The corn root needs to move left and right out of the seed trench as it grows, not just down the row creating what we would call ‘hatched’ roots.

The corn plant needs to anchor itself into the ground well enough that it doesn’t lodge so that it can get to the water and nutrients.

Many of us put a 2x2 fertilizer band down and also side dress our N in crop. If the roots can’t get out of the seed trench due to sidewall compaction, they can’t do any of the work they need to.

The opening disc and gauge wheels on the planter generally cause sidewall compaction under wet conditions. This can be seen in the photo below. Sidewall compaction can be slightly reduced under less than ideal conditions by decreasing the amount of down pressure on the gauge wheels of the planter.

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The best thing to do though if the field isn’t fit is to just stay out as long as you can, even when the calendar tells you it’s time to go.

Anything we do wrong when we plant corn can haunt us all season long. Every year we only get one chance to plant our crops well, so if we are already delayed a week or two, waiting another day or two isn’t a bad idea.

Remember, corn is one of the most unforgiving crops when it can’t get a good start, so give it the best start you can.


Is it worth it to break the rules of PBR?

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Plant Breeders’ Rights (PBR) have been in place in Canada for over 25 years – but ongoing education of the rules continues to be important. CANTERRA SEEDS and others in the industry, are committed to building awareness of PBR, and to enforcing the intellectual property rights of our breeding partners.

Scenario Rundown

Here is a quick rundown of a few PBR scenarios, provided by the website

  • Farmer A purchases Certified seed and saves, stores and conditions some of the harvested material to use as seed on the farm in subsequent years.

This is completely allowed.

  • Farmer A purchases Certified seed and saves and stores some of the harvested material to use as seed on the farm next year, but gives some of it to Farmer B to use as seed in exchange for other products or services.

Both Farmer A and Farmer B would be in breach of PBR.

  • Farmer A purchases Certified seed and saves and stores some of the harvested material to use as seed on the farm in subsequent years. The farmer takes the farm saved seed to a commercial cleaner, but doesn’t take it all back to use on the farm, leaving some with the cleaner in exchange for services.

Just like if the seed is traded to a neighbour, leaving farm saved seed with the cleaner in exchange for services is considered a sale and puts the farmer in breach.

In this situation, the cleaner also would be in breach.

  • Farmer B acquires farm saved seed of a PBR protected variety from Farmer A and sells the grain produced from that seed.

Farmer B and Farmer A and the grain buyer are all in breach of PBR 91, and all are liable for damages if the breeder proves the breach.

A Tougher Stance

In general, the industry is taking a tougher stance against violators these days. The following settlements have been published in the last few years:

January 2018, Secan reaches settlement with 7 PBR violators in SK and MB for an undisclosed sum

April 2017, Secan and FP Genetics jointly reach a cash settlement with Johnston’s Grain Brokerage of Welwyn, SK

February 2017, Secan and FP Genetics jointly reach a cash settlement with Dustin Hawkins of Kincaid, SK

February 2016, $150,000 settlement between Secan and Pasqua Farms

While there is no defined penalty for violations, Lorne Hadley of the Canadian Plant Technology Agency (CPTA) said in a Germination interview, “… most settlements have been in the range of three times the normal royalty rate that would be paid by a legitimate seller, plus compensation for legal fees and investigative costs – it does not take long to add up.”

In Summary

It’s important to know and understand your obligations when it comes to PBR. An easy way to make sure you aren’t breaking the law is to purchase Certified seed from a CANTERRA SEEDS seed grower. Remember, breaking the rules of PBR just doesn’t pay.

Click here for a seed grower near you.


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10 Little Known Facts About Midge Tolerance

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There is a lot of information available about midge tolerant wheat in Canada, variety performance, how to steward the trait, where and how to buy it, etc. Instead of providing you that same information, we dug deep to find 10 quick facts you may not know about this important trait. 
  1. It was first found in winter wheat. The single gene (Sm1) that provides resistance was first identified in winter wheat; however, there are currently no midge-tolerant winter wheat varieties registered in Canada.
  2. The name Sm1 comes from the midge itself. The name Sm1 comes from the Latin name of the orange wheat blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana. Interestingly, there is also an SM1 gene present in humans that is responsible for resistance to Katayama fever.
  3. Varieties with the Sm1 gene are relatively new. Registered wheat varieties with midge tolerance did not exist 10 years ago, as the first varieties were released in 2010 (Unity VB was one of them).
  4. But they are gaining market share. In total, there are 28 spring wheat varieties that are Sm1 carriers of different classes (CWRS, CPSR, CWAD, CWSW, and CWES), representing about 10,000,000 insured acres over the past 5 years, with the highest peaks in 2013 and 2014. There are 7 more varieties and are currently either seeking registration or are in seed multiplication process.
  5. It may have been inspired by other crops. The use of a refuge to protect a single gene resistance is not unique to Canada, let alone to the midge tolerance; it might have been, in fact, inspired by two very preeminent and important crops in the United States, namely corn and cotton, which implemented the use of a refuge to protect the Bt technology, also a single gene effect.
  6. Other refuge systems also exist for trait protection. There are different types of refuge systems, one of them being the interspersed refuge (a mix of tolerant and susceptible varieties) that has been chosen by the Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship Committee. The other type called separate refuge (susceptible crop grown in proximity of the resistant crop) is used for the Bt traits protection.
  7. It's not the only method of protection. The use of a variety blend, which includes a Sm1 carrier wheat variety and is monitored by the Midge Tolerant Wheat Stewardship is only one management practice used to protect your crop from the orange wheat blossom midge; other very important practices used around the world are crop rotation, chemical control, or even the wheat midge degree-day model developed by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
  8. Midge forecasts are prepared yearly. The forecasted midge maps are developed based on historical weather and soil moisture date, coupled with field counting of midge populations and the well-known orange wheat blossom midge life-cycle (check out the links below).
  9. Height and Sm1 are not directly related. Even if most of the wheat varieties caring the Sm1 gene are taller than other susceptible wheat varieties, this is not a trait that is genetically associated with the presence of the gene, and some of the newest Sm1 carrier varieties are, in fact, semi-dwarfs.
  10. But perhaps yield and the Sm1 trait are related. Spring wheat varieties that are Sm1 carriers out-yield susceptible varieties by 10-14% on average, and it is considered an inheritable trait related to the Sm1 gene.

midge map

Useful links:$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/prm16530


Canary Seed – Not Just For the Birds” Anymore”

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canary seed


Canary seed, a cereal grain crop previously used as feed for caged and wild birds, was recently approved for human consumption by Health Canada.

The approval of this unique cereal grain, in January 2016, offers exciting possibilities for potential food and non-food applications. This is good news for Canadian farmers, who produce up to 65% of the world's canary seed.

"Canary seed is a real Canadian crop and true cereal. Its unique starch, protein, and oil components hold great potential for food and industrial applications."

- Dr. Elsayed Abdelaal, Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Here is a link to the full article

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Field to Froth: Red Shed Malting shares what you need to know about malt barley

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AAC Connect
Field to Froth

Red Shed Malting at Penhold, AB tells us about why juggling different hats is so important for them when it comes to selecting the right malt varieties for their operation.

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The Farmer Hat – worn by John and Joe Hamill at Red Shed Malting

Finding the right varieties is important for malting, but how they’re used on the farm is still the name of the game. It is important at Red Shed Malting to have the knowledge of what will make or break a malting barley crop and also to know what varieties are a hit on farm, and which are a miss.

Tips from the malt barley farmer:

  1. Choose a variety that:
    • Stands well - short, strong straw is desirable!
    • Has high yield to compete against other crops in the rotation for a great ROI.
    • Is early maturing to increase the likelihood of getting the crop off without quality losses.
    • Has good fusarium head blight resistance!
  2. Use Certified seed to ensure both varietal purity and high germination capacity.
  3. Always check soil nutrient levels to ensure that proper rate of nitrogen is applied to maintain an acceptable protein level in the harvested barley.
  4. Plant early to ensure early harvest and avoid potential weather events in the fall.
  5. Choose a good seed treatment and proper fungicide application to allow the variety to develop to its full genetic potential.
  6. Always ensure proper bin aeration after harvest to maintain the condition of the barley by cooling it down.

The Maltster Hat – worn by Joe and Matt Hamill at Red Shed Malting

Producing high amounts of base malt for adjunct brewers (brewers who use other cheaper sugar sources than barley) is no longer the priority of all maltsters. Red Shed is finding success offering unique base malts and further processed specialty malts to “all –malt” brewers. There are a lot of factors to be considered when producing these specialty malts.

Tips from the malthouse:  

Grow varieties that:

  1. Produce malts with low beta glucan, low protein, good extract and moderate enzyme activity.
  2. Provide some consistency in terms of plumpness, colour and weight.
  3. Retain germination power during storage – dead seed can’t germinate
  4. Have strong husk adherence and low peeled & broken counts (more important when producing specialty malts, but quite important overall).

The Brewer Hat – worn by Matt and Joe Hamill at Red Shed Malting

There is little doubt that the all-malt brewing industry continues to grow and diversify, in fact, the Hamill’s are on the verge of launching Hamill Brother’s Brewing, where they will have lots of small batch collaboration with other local Alberta brewers to showcase their malt.  Matt shares some tips that he’s picked up in discussions with brewers in Alberta.

Tips from the brewer:

  1. Produce sufficient quantities of single variety malt, thus allowing brewers to start experimenting with the different flavours that are contributed by each variety.
  2. Allow brewers to tell the story. Using single variety malt batches allows maltsters to provide more information about the ingredients in the products they product, even tracking it back to the farm.
  3. Embrace the craft of brewing! As consumers are starting to recognize there are different varieties of hops, brewers are also starting to be more aware of the variety of barley used in making the malt they are brewing with. 

Despite the abundance of malting barley on the market, a lot of the crop will end up in the feedlot rather than the malthouse. While producing good quality malting barley that will be accepted by a malthouse is no easy task, Red Shed Malting is proving to be an excellent partner, and is providing another great opportunity for malt-farmers on the Prairies.

Red Shed Malting is proof that knowledge is a key component to success, and just how important it is to be plugged in from field to froth.

Cheers to that!

Click here to learn more about CANTERRA SEEDS' malt barley, including the new AAC Connect.

Lets Connect Over A Beer

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What Does India’s Pea Tariff Mean for the 2018 Crop

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The recent Indian pea tariff is a source of deep consternation for some, and yet it is not surprising for others. Folks with the latter view point to the recent softening of demand for peas from India. For example, in 2015, 67.4% of India’s pea imports were of Canadian origin. In 2016, this number had dropped to 52.4%. Many point to recent favourable growing conditions in India that created larger domestic supply as the main cause for the tariff that has left many world sellers, especially those in Canada, shell-shocked.

Whatever sentiment or view you may hold, the tariff is big and the importance of India as a buyer of Canadian peas is even bigger. Many have speculated on the duration of this tariff – that is best left to commodity analysts and public opinion-makers. The immediate impact, however, is that it will influence 2018 planting intentions.

How will growers react? Despite signs of new interest and demand in plant protein that is being facilitated by new investment in domestic value-added processing, it is apparent that any additional demand this will create will not offset the immediate loss from India. 2016 Indian imports of Canadian peas were 1,605,167 MT. Estimates have put the annual demand for peas by the planned processing facilities in Portage la Prairie, MB and Vanscoy, SK somewhere between 100,000-150,000 MT per facility. Assuming demand signals from other import countries remain constant from now until spring, it looks like growers will commit less of their land to peas. Some have predicted a 20-25% decrease in pea acres in 2018.

For those who do decide to grow peas, doing more on less land will be a key challenge and one way to do this will be to boost yields. The current outlook makes it a good time to start re-evaluating how to do this. The obvious answer from the perspective of a seed company is of course to think variety!

A look at the 2018 Provincial Seed Guides from all provinces show there is much to be gained by making the right variety decision. For example, in the 2018 Manitoba Seed Guide, the latest CANTERRA SEEDS yellow pea release, AAC Carver, out-yielded the most popular yellow pea currently in the market, CDC Meadow, by 10%. The exact same yield advantage was also seen in Alberta. AAC Carver performed even better in SK, reaching 112% of CDC Meadow across all zones in the 2018 Saskatchewan Seed Guide. It should go without saying that variety decisions are a key contributor to maximizing the yield potential of a crop and how taking the time to study your options and choosing newer and better varieties is worth the investment.

Click here to learn more on AAC Carver yellow peas.

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Check out the Updated data - Research continues to Support strong FHB Resistance of AAC Cameron VB

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Manitoba Agriculture has updated their research to include 2017 data. This research continues to support AAC Cameron VB having the lowest FHB levels among all CWRS varieties tested.

The full findings of the report can be found here.



*Original Blog Post On "The importance of comparing pre- and post-registration data for disease ratings" can be found here.

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Why Fortenza/Stamina?

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Our partners at PRIDE Seeds shared this post on the benefits of using the Fortenza® Maxim® Quattro with Stamina®(FMQ/S) package of insecticide and fungicides.


fortenza graphic

Here is an excerpt from that post:

Agronomist Matt Chapple says the company has embraced the move because of FMQ/S’s proven effectiveness at providing both early-season insect and disease protection, as well as increased plant health and cold tolerance.
FMQ/S provides early-season insect spectrum control from some of the most economically harmful pests such as wireworms, cutworms and seed corn maggot.
“Multiple years of data since 2014 have demonstrated its consistent ability to perform, deliver healthy stands and yield competitively, which is why PRIDE is comfortable with this transition,” Chapple says.
Stamina® provides early-season defense against Pythium, Rhizoctonia and Fusarium seed decay which can be at their most harmful when seed is stressed under cool temperatures in early spring.
“The increased vigour that is observed at emergence can quickly translate to bushels at harvest,” says Chapple. “Consistent emergence avoids runt plants and we know that each day of emergence delay we lose potential yield.”

CANTERRA SEEDS is also offering the FMQ/S treatment package in Western Canada this year.

Click here to read the full post.

The 5 Things You Need To Know About Changing Wheat Classes

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Changes are happening to the wheat classification system and here is what you need to know prior to August 1st.

1. A need for change!

  1. There were increasing complaints from global wheat customers regarding the quality and inconsistency of the Canadian milling wheat.
  2. Growers had an appetite to try new milling wheat genetics from the US and found they did not fit the Canadian wheat milling class quality parameters.
2. Gluten strength was an issue.

Varieties that were identified as being weak on gluten strength were:

  1. Harvest
  2. Lillian (solid stem)
  3. Unity (midge tolerant)

These three combined, accounted for 20-40% of the acres seeded to wheat (2010 to 2015). Today that number is currently closer to 5%.

3. New standards.

New upper and lower limits on gluten strength were put in place for CWRS and CPSR classes.

The upper limit for both classes is Glenn, a CWRS wheat. The lower limit for CWRS in central and western Prairies is Carberry, and for the Parkland region is Parata. The lower gluten strength limit for the CPSR class is now 5700PR.

4. A new modern wheat classification system!

The modernization of the classification system also involved the removal of the Feed Wheat, Interim Wheat and General Purpose wheat classes. Two new classes were created. The Special Purpose class that included all the varieties previously in the General Purpose class. The Canadian Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class will contain all the wheat varieties with lower gluten strength than the new lower limits of the CWRS and CPSR classes. They will, however, still possessing good milling and baking qualities. These changes were effective August 1, 2016.

5. Are you prepared for change on August 1st?

Twenty-nine varieties will move from the CWRS and CPSR classes into the new CNHR class effective August 1, 2018. For the complete list of varieties please follow this link.

In conclusion, if you are growing any of the listed varieties on your farm, be aware that come harvest they will no longer be in the CWRS or CPSR class.


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5 Things That Can Ruin Your Plan to Use Saved Wheat Seed This Year

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Every year farmers are faced with many decisions, including the decision to budget for the purchase of new Certified seed, or to allocate time, labour and resources to clean and re-use your own saved seed.

If you are still considering your options, here are 5 things that could ruin your plan to use saved wheat seed this year:

 Grain Drill.jpg

You like using the latest and greatest in technology

Do you use old technology and equipment on your farm? No? Then why use old technology in your seed?!

New varieties can provide yield increases, new levels of disease resistance, and agronomic improvements – all things you may be looking for on your farm. In order to access these new and improved varieties, you will need to purchase Certified seed.

In Canada, farmers are allowed to save, clean and re-use seed from their own production for their own-use. However, production of varieties protected with Plant Breeders’ Rights are prohibited from being sold or traded with others for the purpose of planting seed.


You don’t test for germination, vigor and disease

If you are considering saving your crop to replant this year, it is important to invest the time and money into testing your seed for germination, vigor and disease. Seed may visually appear to be suitable, but in fact may have lost a significant percentage of germination over the winter’s storage. Similarly, while very advanced disease can be seen visually on kernels (and may be removed by sophisticated equipment such as a colour sorter), a lower incidence of seed borne disease may not be visible to the naked eye. An accredited seed lab like BioVision can test your seed for you to determine the quality before you plant.


Your seed has been improperly stored or handled

Seed is a living organism and can be damaged during harvest, transportation, handling and/or storage. Mechanical damage sometimes cannot be seen visually. For example, a small crack on the germ of the wheat seed during handling, will affect germination at seeding.

We’ve all heard stories of heated seed in a bin ruining the marketability of a farmer’s crop. In the same way, improper storage can harm a healthy seed, reducing germination and impairing establishment of the young seedling.


You’re trying to save money

Saved seed is not ‘free seed’, as it is sometimes perceived – in addition to the lost market opportunity for your grain, there is a cost for storage, cleaning, testing, elevation and trucking, labour and cleanout. In a recent study by the Alberta Government, they analyzed the cost of saved seed vs. Certified seed over a 10-year period. When considering all variables, in eight out of 10 years, the cost of Certified seed is less than seed pulled from the bin. When you factor in the likely yield benefits of new varieties, purchasing Certified wheat seed every year was lower cost.

Click here to read the full report


Your wheat seed is over 3 years old

Every production year further removed from the original Certified seed purchase, your seed will lose a percentage of its varietal purity. The disease resistance or yield performance you originally enjoyed in your wheat variety may start to disappear as your seed is contaminated with off-types, weed seeds and other volunteers.

It’s also important that you are sure of the class of your wheat when delivering it to the elevator. As Cereals Canada points out, it’s important to “Deliver what you Declare”. When you sign a Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you’re making a legal assertion that your grain is of the class you’ve declared. Remember this is a legally binding document, and any intentional or unintentional mistake could expose you to significant liability. Click here to read more.

Keep in mind that many wheat varieties will be reclassified by the Canadian Grain Commission on August 1, 2018. Is your variety moving to a different class? This will affect its marketability this fall. For a full list of varieties changing class click here.

When making the decision whether to buy new Certified seed from your local seed grower, or to go back to your own bin to use saved seed, make sure you are considering all of the potential issues that may arise.

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The 5-Step Journey to Certified Wheat Seed

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Certified Seed

The concept of Certified seed is one that is understood by most farmers in Western Canada. But when asked to describe the 5-step journey to Certified wheat seed, can you name all of the steps?

In this video with CANTERRA SEEDS Shareholder Pitura Seeds, Calvin Pitura explains the 5-step journey.

Breeder – This is the first class of pedigreed seed, and as the name implies, is the small volume of seed that comes from the variety’s breeder. It is typical for a seed grower to plant just one, 2.5 acre plot of Breeder seed.

Select – This is also done in 2.5 acre plots, and what is produced from Breeder seed. Seed growers need a special certification to product Select seed and above.

Foundation – Is the result of Select seed production and is produced on a field scale.

Registered – This is the largest scale of production for seed growers, and planting Registered seed is final step before the resulting production is sold to customers.

Certified – This is the class of seed that is sold to farmers. Certified seed is the starting point of a successful crop.

The production of Pedigreed seed is a multi-year process and involves a lot of regulation. As Tom Greaves says in the video, the end result is a high-quality product.

“The very high standard is what everyone is looking for in Certified seed.”

3 Examples of Certified Wheat Seed Boosting Your ROI

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Certified Seed

Every year many growers are faced with the decision whether or not to buy new wheat seed, or to go back to their bin. At first, it may seem as though going to the bin is the least expensive option. In fact, there are many ways that buying new Certified wheat seed can improve your ROI.

Here are the top 3 examples of Certified wheat seed boosting your return on investment.

1. Boost Your Marketing Power

Certified seed is the basis of variety-specific, identity-preserved programs. You can access these programs, and the premiums they offer, by using Certified seed.

Example: Warburtons Bakeries contracts variety specific, high-quality, Canadian wheat every year, and ships it to their bakery in the UK. The company sees value in the exceptional quality of Canadian wheat production, and offers a significant premium to growers who take part in their program. This all starts with Certified seed – a requirement of their contract.

2. Boost Your Genetic Potential

When you purchase Certified seed of a new variety, you are accessing the newest and best genetic potential on the market. From agronomic factors like disease resistance, to new specialty traits, you’re getting the best performance available.

Example: Midge tolerant wheat has been available to growers since 2010, and provides great value through reduced downgrading and yield losses. The trait has proven to be very valuable to growers and to the industry, with an estimate of $456 million net benefit contribution (Ference & Company, prepared for AAFC). To access this trait, growers must purchase Certified seed a minimum of once every two years.

3. Boost Your Risk Management

Certified seed provides a guarantee of quality in terms of purity because it is produced under stringent quality control measures. To ensure the seed is as pure as possible, land rotation and isolation requirements are in place, all off-types and weeds are removed, seed is segregated during harvest, handling and processing, and CFIA-accredited labs, graders and inspectors keep an eye on the entire process. In the end, your Certified seed gives more confidence at planting, and less dockage at delivery!

Find Seeds Near You!

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Certified seed available for first yellow-seeded canaryseed variety

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canary seed

This article is republished with permission from the Canaryseed Development Commission. For more information please visit

CDC Cibo (pronounced chee-bo), the first yellow-seeded canaryseed variety from Pierre Hucl’s breeding program at the University of Saskatchewan’s Crop Development Centre will be commercially available for spring planting through Canterra Seeds.

CDC Cibo looks like regular canaryseed, but when the hull is removed the seed coat is yellow rather than brown. The yellow seed coat will be attractive for many human food uses, but with the human food market still under development, birdseed will remain the main market for the foreseeable future.

Over the winter, a number of international birdseed buyers were sent samples of CDC Cibo. As hoped, the birds like it just as well as brownseeding canaryseed, plus many of the buyers commented that they like how CDC Cibo looks. It seems that some of the yellow seed coat colour makes its way through the hull to brighten the appearance of the sample.

Based on the testing to date, CDC Cibo has earlier maturity than other canaryseed varieties and is also significantly shorter. Like CDC Calvi which was released a couple years ago, CDC Cibo has a slightly higher yield rating than the check variety CDC Bastia. However, yields for all the glabrous or “itchless” varieties remain lower than the “itchy” varieties of Cantate and Keet.

Watch for specific information on CDC Cibo in the upcoming Saskatchewan Seed Guide.

Pierre Hucl has many interesting lines in his breeding pipeline that appear to have superior yield potential. Pierre will provide more information when he speaks at the annual meeting on January 8 in Saskatoon.

Canterra Seeds reports that good quantities of certified CDC Cibo seed are available for spring planting.

Interested producers can contact one of the following seed growers:

Canaryseed Supply

Top 6 Tips to Survive a Trade show

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About us

It’s January, and that means trade show season is upon us! For those of us that attend every major show in Western Canada it can be a long few weeks, but if you plan your visit and take these 6 tips to prepare, you can get the most out of your trade show experience!

The CANTERRA SEEDS tradeshow booth

Here Are My Top 6 Tips for Surviving a Trade Show

  1. Be Prepared: Know who you want to talk to, and what questions you want to ask. Have a plan for your day, and even pull out a trade show floor map if you need it. The shows are big and there are thousands of people – make sure you are getting value out of the show and are getting your important questions answered.
  2. Wear Comfortable Shoes: The shows are big. Don’t put on your new boots that haven’t been worked in yet. You’ve got a lot of miles to cover, make sure you’ve got on the right footwear for the job.
  3. Avoid the Free Candy Dish: Do you really need that little candy that’s been hanging around the booth since Crop Production 2014? Chances are it isn’t very good, and you could easily be roped into a conversation at a booth you hadn’t planned to visit. Trust me, just skip it.
  4. Stay Hydrated and Well Fed: It never hurts to carry a bottle of water around with you. You’ll be doing lots of talking and don’t want to lose your voice. Also, you don’t want to get hangry – try not to skip lunch.
  5. Get Your Swag: Companies give away all kinds of free stuff during these shows. While we don’t appreciate the folks who only come out for the freebies, we love sharing our promo items with farmers who come to chat with us. Come say hello to the CANTERRA SEEDS crew and get an awesome t-shirt!
  6. Have Fun: On top of the business aspect of a trade show, your visit can be a great time to interact with old friends, colleagues, neighbours and your local sales people. All work and no play ….

I look forward to seeing you at a trade show this winter.


The Importance of the Canola Performance Trials (CPT)

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What are the Canola Performance Trials?

The CPT or Canola Performance Trials are a grower-funded, third-party testing initiative that’s regarded as one of the best sources for unbiased data on the most popular canola varieties on the market. The CPTs have been published for many years, and growers have made it known that they value this type of data and would like it to continue. In a 2015 survey, 90% of respondents said data from an independent third-party source was either somewhat or very important to them.

What type of data is generated?

Historically, the CPT data consisted of small plot data only. The protocol for these small-plots has improved over time. Now, they include increased replication, herbicide application that’s suited for the herbicide tolerant trait, and harvest management guidelines that include proper swath and/or straight-cut timing to account for a variety’s maturity and tolerance to shatter. All of these are intended to help minimize variation and isolate the genetic yield potential of the varieties, to help growers with their decision-making. Other key variety attributes measured include days to maturity, lodging resistance, and height. Data is reported on a site-specific basis but is also aggregated according to specific geographical growing zones. Field scale trials have also been added which gives the grower another point of reference on what they can expect under more real-life conditions.

All sites are to be inspected to verify trial protocols are followed, which provides added confidence that there is a fair representation of the varieties.

Commercial canola varieties tested in small plot trials this year include: Bayer CropScience, BrettYoung Seeds, CANTERRA SEEDS, Cargill, DL Seeds, Proven Seed/CPS, DEKALB, and DuPont Pioneer.

What are the limitations and how to make up for them?


The CPTs, however, are not without limitation. One is the absence of blackleg pathotype data for the specific sites. With different types of blackleg resistance being offered, it should be reasonable to expect that varieties with different sources of resistance will have different yield responses at different locations, depending on the blackleg strains present at that location. This is, of course, a challenge not only to CPT but almost all other variety trials. This may soon change based on a blackleg industry initiative that is working on a more rapid and accessible test that can profile the pathotypes in a given field. It shouldn’t be long before such information will be available as part of the final trial write-up so that growers can make more informed variety decisions.

Number of Sites

Another limitation is the number of CPT locations. There are in general fewer locations than other data sources, likely due to resource constraints. For example, in 2016 and 2017, there were only 13 and 11 locations respectively to represent all of Western Canada. On the one hand, this speaks to the high standards the CPT Committee sets when auditing these small plot trials – if it is determined that a certain trial isn’t reliable due to the impact of environmental conditions or management mishaps, it will be cut, resulting in a fewer number of overall trials but good data. As such, growers can have better confidence knowing that the yield numbers they see in the final report are likely a close representation of the variety’s potential at that specific location. The drawback though, is that the grower will be operating with less information that may not be the best representation of their growing area.

Using Additional Information

Fortunately, there are other sources of information that can help complement the CPT and fill in some of these gaps. The investment that seed companies make every year to demonstrate variety performance at the local level is well known. In the case of CANTERRA SEEDS for this past year, 123 field scale demo sites were planted across the western prairies, the majority of which were with independent 3rd party retailers/cooperators. Growers are encouraged to combine these additional data points into their variety selection analysis – they are an important shoulder check for some very big blind spots. The best approach is to factor in as many different data sets as possible (i.e. 3rd party vs seed company) and look for consistency across these different data sets. When consistency is observed, there’s a good chance a winner has been found.

The latest CANTERRA SEEDS release CS2300 is a great example. Not only did it do well in the 2017 CANTERRA SEEDS field scale demo trials, but it also demonstrated equivalent high performance in the 2017 3rd party CPTs. In fact, it was this exact same yield performance that was observed in the trial years leading up to CS2300’s commercial release – removing any doubts that CANTERRA SEEDS has set a new standard in yield.

2017 Performance Results

Where to find the information?

If you would like to review past CPT results you can visit the Canola Performance Trials website,

For the 2017 results booklet, complete with site specific and aggregate data, click this link. DOWNLOAD THE 2017 RESULTS

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CS2300 IN THE 2017 Canola Performance Trial (CPT)

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The Canola Performance Trials (CPT) are run by the Canola Council of Canada, with support funding from the three provinical canola grower groups. They aim to provide unbiased performance data that reflects actual production practices, and comparative data on leading varieties and newly introduced varieties.

What do the 2017 CPT results say?

These results confirm what we have already learned from the 201CANTERRA SEEDS Field Scale trials – our new hybrid, CS2300, is a consistent high yielder. Whether we look at Field scale or small plot, CANTERRA SEEDS or 3rd party data – CS2300 is out yielding the top hybrids from all the major seed brands.

2017 CPT Result Highlights:

CS2300 vs Dekalb’s 74-44 BL

111% of 74-44 overall

CS2300 vs PHI’s 45H33

103% of 45H33 in the Long and Mid Season Zones

CS2300 vs Invigor

103% of 5440 in the Mid Season Zone

CS2300 vs Brett Young’s 6074 RR

105% of 6074 in the Long Season Zone, 104% of 6074 in the Mid-Season zone

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You can review the full set of results at

Upgrade your yield with CS2300!

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Ready for a bin-busting canola for 2018? Look no further than the new CS2300.

A Roundup Ready hybrid from CANTERRA SEEDS, CS2300 is a big, vigorous hybrid with outstanding yield potential.


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Feed Face-off: Corn vs. Barley

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As a seed company, CANTERRA SEEDS has a full portfolio of pedigreed varieties including cereals, pulses and special crops, in addition to corn, soybeans and canola.

While we like to think of ourselves as a team, sometimes representatives from different parts of our portfolio differ in opinion on key items.

Take for example this recent debate on the merits of corn vs. barley as a feed.

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In one corner, you have Page Newton, she’s crazy about corn, and is our Territory Manager for Southern Alberta. In the other corner, you’ve got Colette Prefontaine, the barley believer and our Pedigreed Seed Territory Manager for Alberta.

Let’s see how they match up in this Feed Face-off!!

Moderator: Page, Colette, let’s make sure this is a clean debate. No personal attacks, no eye rolling and no extreme hand gestures.

Page Newton: I’m in if she is.

Colette Prefontaine: Yup, let's go.


MD: Why should a grower choose corn vs. barley as feed?

PN: It’s simple. Corn produces the most tonneage per acre and the most beef or milk per acre. If you want the biggest returns, you’ve got to go with corn.

CP: But it isn’t that simple! Canadian farmers are constrained by a number of factors: growing season, available moisture and available heat units. These factors alone would make barley the most attractive, and sometimes the only option for the Canadian farmer - this debate would be over in a minute.

However, there is more! Studies have shown that even from the cost and return side, barely could be a better option to corn, as it requires a smaller amount of inputs.

MD: What are the benefits of barley?

CP: Barley is a nutritious feed – the high crude protein and high amino acid content means the farmer needs to use less additional supplements. Barley also has a higher mineral content vs. corn, and typically provides animals with a healthier gut.

MD: And corn?

PN: Cows really like corn – it’s a bit like candy for them. In addition, the standability of corn compared to barley just can’t be beat. And the Roundup Ready platform makes the crop easier to grow and manage weeds. There is even built-in insect protection if you need it.

MD: So, what are the watch outs?

PN: Well, the input costs for corn are higher. Equipment can be a big investment if you don’t already have it. Ideally you use a planter for corn which might require a custom operator. You would also need a custome silage chopper.

Corn does need more fertilizer and more inputs as well.

Another drawback that isn’t really a drawback, is that you’ll need a bigger pit for your doubled production! You’ve got to have somewhere to store all of that tonneage.

CP: Barley isn’t a magic crop, and to some extent, it does have a few drawbacks. The most notable is the high fibre content when compared to corn. Higher fibre content leads to lower digestibility and energy. This can be reduced with plumper seeds.

MD: So if a grower is going to choose barley or corn, which one of CANTERRA SEEDS' varieties is best suited for feed?

PN: AS1047RR EDF is the corn star!! It really has a good combo of tonneage, lots of grain, and is balanced well with effective digestible fibre. It creates a total ration solution and you shouldn’t need to add grain or fibre to the mix. It’s the hybrid of choice for feedlot alley in AB and the MB dairy belt.

CP: I’d recommend two feed barley varieties that have improved agronomic characteristics as well as a better suited profile for feed – CDC Coalition and Canmore, both 2-row feed barleys.

MD: So in the end, there is no clear winner in this Feed Face-off. Feed corn and feed barley both have their benefits and drawbacks. At the end of the day, a grower needs to weigh his options and make the right decision for his operation.

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AAC Connect Recommended for Malt

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CANTERRA SEEDS is pleased to announce AAC Connect 2-Row malting barley has been added to the Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre's (CMBTC) recommended list of malting barley varieties for the 2018/2019 season.

In a recent press release the CMBTC said:

"This year the recommended list contains two new malting barley varieties: AAC Connect and CDC Bow. “Canada has a new suite of varieties that will eventually replace the tried-and-true varieties like AC Metcalfe and CDC Copeland” stated Watts. “While these varieties have served the industry well, disease pressure and lower yields compared with newer varieties eventually render them less competitive.”

Download the CMBTC Recommended List

AAC Connect is a new malt variety from the AAFC Brandon Research Centre. It boasts high yields, short, strong straw, and excellent malt quality attributes.

For a list of CANTERRA SEEDS seed growers with AAC Connect click below.

Find Seed Near You

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Blackleg Labelling: An Intro to the New System

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Recently, growers in Western Canada may have been noticing an increased incidence of blackleg appearing in their canola crops, even in varieties with an “R” rating. It is believed that some blackleg resistance genes are losing their effectiveness on the Prairies.

To help growers manage blackleg and reduce their risk for the disease, a new model has been developed to classify blackleg resistance. The new model is composed of two parts:

The current R/MR/MS/S ratings will remain the same. This refers to what is also known as ‘Adult Plant Resistance’, ‘Quantitative Resistance’, ‘Minor Gene Resistance’ or ‘Background Resistance’.

Label % of Westar
R (Resistant) 0 - 29.9
MR (Moderately Resistant) 30 - 49.9
MS (Moderately Susceptible) 50 - 69.9
S (Susceptible) 70 - 100

In addition, a label to identify the major resistance genes in the canola variety will be added. These labels are:

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For example, CS2100 will have the following rating: R – ACG

  • Blackleg field performance was between 0-29.9% of Westar
  • Contains the resistance genes Rlm1 (or LepR3), Rlm3 and RlmS

Why does this matter to you?

A recent study by AAFC showed that even low levels of infection (i.e. a rating of 1) can cause yield losses of up to 25%.


It is likely that most growers do not know the strains of blackleg that are in their fields, so how can they use these new labels? The recommendation by the Blackleg Steering Committee is that if growers start seeing blackleg issues in their field, they switch to a variety with a different letter, and therefore a different source of resistance.

This new standardized labelling system demonstrates CANTERRA SEEDS has a very diverse range of blackleg resistance – currently offering the most diverse set of resistance genes in the marketplace. This will allow CANTERRA SEEDS growers to better manage blackleg and achieve higher yields.

Our products have the following ratings:

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This labelling system provides CANTERRA SEEDS growers confidence in the strength of the blackleg resistance in our portfolio, and the differential nature of our genetics. This standardized system shows how you can get unique sources and a broad range of blackleg resistance from CANTERRA SEEDS, to help battle the disease, and produce bigger yields.


AAC Cameron VB Added to Warburtons IP Program

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The new CWRS from CANTERRA SEEDS has been added to Warburtons IP Program for the 2018 growing season on a market development basis.

AAC Cameron VB is a new, high yielding CWRS with resistance to the orange blossom wheat midge. It is higher yielding than Unity VB, with a significantly better lodging resistance. It has also been shown to have the lowest levels of FHB among CWRS vareities tested by Manitoba Agriculture. 

Find out more about AAC Cameron VB


Adam Dyck, Program Manager with Warburton Foods Ltd. Canada shared:

Warburtons is excited to add AAC Cameron VB to the Warburtons IP Program for the 2018 growing season. AAC Cameron VB has shown great baking performance over the last number of years. With AAC Cameron VB being midge tolerant and having best in class DON accumulation scores, it should allow our growers to meet contract specifications more consistently. 
Being its first year in the program, we will have minimal contracted acres of AAC Cameron VB (~ 15,000 acres in Western MB and Eastern Saskatchewan). With a strong performance in the field and in our bakeries, contracted acres should rise next year. Warburtons production contract details will be coming out in the upcoming weeks with Richardson Pioneer and Paterson Grain.

Supply of AAC Cameron VB is expected to move quickly. Don't wait to book your 2018 seed.

Find Your Local Retailer

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CANTERRA SEEDS Partners on Bushels for Broken Arrow Project

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The following interview is with Lauren Wensley, Pedigreed Territory Manager for CANTERRA SEEDS in Saskatchewan.


How did you first hear about the Broken Arrow project? Who approached you?

LW: I received a phone call one day in the spring from Todd Moroz, who is the Ministry Director. He had been visiting his relatives Tom and Jennifer Fetch, who are research scientists with Ag Canada in Brandon, and they mentioned the new wheat variety, AAC Cameron VB. Coincidentally, Cameron was the name of Todd and Lara Moroz’s son, so it struck a sentimental cord. Todd got my contact information and approached me about this project, Bushels for Broken Arrow, where they get farmers/supporters to put in a field of wheat, and the money from the harvested grain of that crop is donated to the Broken Arrow Youth Ranch. Todd also works with other retails on supplying some additional crop inputs.

You became a champion for the project internally – why was it important to you?

LW: Once I did some research into the Youth Ranch, it seemed like a great cause, and, really, it was perfect timing for the launch of our brand-new wheat variety AAC Cameron VB. What better way to get some exposure in 7 different locations throughout Saskatchewan on this variety, get some agronomic information in these different geographies and all the while support a great cause?! This was eventually known to be the “Cameron Project”.

The funds raised are going to a great cause. What was the response from the growers who were involved? Were they happy with the variety?

LW: From what I’ve heard, yes, the growers were happy with the variety. Their yields ranged anywhere from 26 to 70 bushels per acre. The locations were North Portal, Coronach, Limerick, Strasbourg, Bruno, Norquay and Wilkie, so some of these locations were very dry this year. I have attended a few Thank You suppers with these growers and one response was, “So when and where can we buy some more AAC Cameron VB wheat for next year.”

A bunch of the CANTERRA SEEDS shareholders stepped up to be part of the project as well?

LW: Yes, there were multiple CANTERRA SEEDS shareholders involved in this project. A big thank you goes out to Greenleaf Seeds at Tisdale, SK who supplied some of the seed, as well as mini-bulked it for us right in the middle of the busy seeding time. Also, a thank you to Avondale Seed Farm at Reston, MB who also helped supply some of the wheat seed. There were a couple more seed growers who donated by making a LONG trek to Reston to pick up the seed and bring it back, and another who stored the seed and distributed it to the southern growers.


Greenleaf Seeds loading mini bulks of AAC Cameron VB


Is this something you’d like to see CANTERRA SEEDS continue again in the future?

LW: Absolutely! It was a pleasure to work with Pastor Rick, Todd and Lara Moroz, as well as of these generous farmers. I’ve already got a plan to continue this project, but with our brand-new durum variety this time, AAC Congress!

Read some of the news coverage about this great project:

Farmers grow donated wheat to help raise money for Sask. youth ranch - CBC News

Producers donate crop to Youth Ranch - Assiniboia Times

This year’s harvest was unique for Broken Arrow - Estevan Mercury


The Hidden Costs of Clubroot

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The costs of managing the disease may be higher than you think.

Clubroot is top of mind for many growers these days, as the disease has recently been discovered in new areas including High Prairie, the Peace River Region of Alberta, and northwest of North Battleford. Prior to these discoveries, clubroot was mostly concentrated in north-central Alberta and parts of Manitoba. The footprint has steadily been spreading through the canola growing regions of Western Canada.


Clubroot in canola


There is currently no control measure that can remove the pathogen from a field once it becomes infected. A clubroot infestation will lead to higher operating costs on your farm.

What are the top costs of clubroot that you may not know about?

  1. Yield Loss – This is the most obvious cost and also the most devastating. The disease can lead to significant yield losses, 100% if left unchecked. There is currently no chemical treatment to remove or control clubroot in an infested field.
  2. Sanitation – This is another large cost, both in terms of time and money. Sanitation of equipment is recommended when clubroot is found in a field, to help prevent clubroot from spreading. This can include a rough clean by hand, spraying down and even disinfection of all equipment that moves between fields. Click here to read more from the Canola Council
  3. Restricted Rotation – You’ll need to lengthen your canola rotation. The Canola Council of Canada recommends growing canola once every four years on infested fields.
  4. Management Restrictions – All steps should be taken to control clubroot and prevent it from spreading to other parts of your farm. Think of the many items that may have infested soil attached: non-ag machinery, soil on your boots, animals tracking soil from field to field, earth tags on seed and hay bales grown on infested soil. In addition, you’ll need to consider your tillage practices – soil erosion by wind and water can spread the pathogen.

A strategy that is promoted by both the Canola Council of Canada and provincial authorities is to grow clubroot resistant varieties on non-infected land to prevent the disease from gaining a foothold in the field. As the CCC states:

“The risk of using a CR too early and contributing to breaking of the resistance is small compared to the risk from not using a CR variety early and having the disease escalate quickly to very costly levels.”

Learn more about CS2000, a top-performing canola hybrid with the best clubroot resistance available.

Clubroot isn’t a death sentence for your farm, but it can be a very costly disease. An ounce of prevention really is worth a pound of cure when it comes to controlling the spread of clubroot.


Bunge Oilseed Contracts Now Available For CANTERRA SEEDS Canola

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Non-GMO oilseed contracts are now available from Bunge.

CANTERRA SEEDS is very excited to partner with Bunge on their new Non-GMO Production Contract at Harrowby, MB, for the 2018/2019 season.

Bunge contracts with CANTERRA SEEDS

Bunge North America is an agribusiness and food ingredient company dedicated to improving the global food supply chain. Bunge Harrowby is committed to ensuring customer service is their top priority and has a proven track record for quality oil, quality grade, competitive dockage levels and fulfilling contract commitments.


CANTERRA SEEDS' hybrids, CS2200 CL and the new, CS2500 CL are both available for the contracting program. Learn more about CANTERRA SEEDS' Clearfield hybrids: CS2200 CL, CS2500 CL

Details of the contract include:

  • The contract offers a $35/MT premium over Bunge Harrowby's canola basis
  • Growers must select a minimum of two delivery periods and a corresponding basis for 35 bu/ac
  • Maximum 50% delivery September 2018 - January 2019.
  • 35 bu/ac by August 31, 2019 guarantee
  • Act of God clause
Delivery Month Futures Month
Sept - Nov 2018 November 2018
Dec - Jan 2019 January 2019
Feb - Mar 2019 March 2019
Apr - May 2019 May 2019
June - Aug 2019 July 2019

To apply for a Non-GMO production contract with one of CANTERRA SEEDS hybrids, visit your local CANTERRA SEEDS retailer. An application can conveniently be completed at any retail partner, or by contacting Bunge directly at 1-800-665-0499.

Find Your Local Retailer

Contract volumes are limited - don't delay, get your CANTERRA SEEDS Clearfield canola and sign your contract today!


7 Tips for Broadcasting Canola

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Wet conditions in parts of Western Canada have prompted some growers to consider broadcasting their canola this year.

The recent Canola Watch article ‘Broadcast Seeding – May 17, 2017 Issue 8’ published by the Canola Council tackles this very circumstance and offers several tips for success.  

Wet conditions in parts of Western Canada have prompted some growers to consider broadcasting their canola this year. Broadcasting canola is regarded as a high-risk measure and should only be chosen as a last resort. However, there are some situations where a canola grower has exhausted all their options and when this happens, the decision to broadcast becomes unavoidable. The recent Canola Watch article ‘Broadcast Seeding – May 17, 2017 Issue 8’ published by the Canola Council tackles this very circumstance and offers several tips for success.  



  1. Increase the seeding rate – Seed germination and survival could be lower, so to be safe, consider an increase of 1 lb/acre
  2. Adjust fertility – Adjust your P rate, account for higher N losses, and consider broadcasting N and S, then using a drill for the seed to reduce your weight load on the field
  3. Assess residue risk – Successful broadcasting requires good seed to soil contact. This may not be possible in fields with lots of straw cover.
  4. Cultivate or harrow after seeding – Shallow cultivating or harrowing can improve seed to soil contact, and greatly improve results.
  5. Careful with weed control timing – Seeds on the soil can be highly vulnerable to herbicide. Do not apply post-seed glyphosate to LL or CL seeds that remain on the soil surface. RR varieties can tolerate glyphosate at any time, even on the seed.
  6. Reset expectations – Yields for broadcasted fields are typically lower, and growers should be prepared for increased management through the season.
  7. Consider the wind effect – This is more of an issue for spinner spreaders than boom-based spreaders, where the boom is fairly close to the ground. Application on a calm day will help.

The full article can be found at the following link:


PRIDE Seeds Tops Competitors in Grazing Trial

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Grazing trials can be tough, so we're pleased to receive these third party results.

Grazing trials can be tough to do. Typically, these trials rely on anecdotal evidence to measure the performance of each corn hybrid, as opposed to scientific measurement. Statements like “the cows seem to like this one better,” or “they fed off this one longer,” are difficult to quantify. While we value all trials and the cooperators that run them, getting systematic, third party results helps verify the strength of the PRIDE Seeds products. 


This past year we were pleased to take part in the Manitoba Beef and Forage Initiative’s demonstration site north of Brandon. The trial is run in partnership with Manitoba Beef Producers, Ducks Unlimited and Manitoba Agriculture and Rural Development.

The average dry matter yield of all the corn varieties was 6.1 tonne/acre producing 342 cow grazing days/acre with a range of 279-376. PRIDE Seeds A4705HMRR performed the best in the trial, with cows grazing at an average of 376 days/acre.


Cow grazing days/acre is based off a 1300 lb cow consuming 2.5% of its Body Weight and includes 20% waste/residue.


[Infographic] CS Camden vs. AC Morgan

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Growing oats this year? Here's what you need to know about these popular varieties.


A quick comparison of CS Camden and AC Morgan

New Research Sheds Light on FHB Resistance Levels of AAC Cameron VB

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The importance of comparing pre- and post-registration data for disease ratings. 

New research by Manitoba Agriculture shows FHB levels for AAC Cameron VB are the lowest among all the CWRS varieties tested.

The team of researchers, which includes Holly Derksen, Pam de Rocquigny and Craig Linde, set out to evaluate how spring wheat varieties tested post-registration in the Manitoba Crop Variety Evaluation Trials (MCVET) responded to natural infections of FHB. They measured DON and FDK from harvest samples of 72 different spring wheat varieties, at 14 MCVET sites, over six years (2009-2015).

The study points to the importance of comparing pre- and post-registration data for disease ratings. Currently, varieties with improved resistance to FHB are available in Manitoba, but the three-year testing presented in SEED MANITOBA provides only a limited comparison to other varieties, and over a limited number of locations.

The full findings of the report can be found here.

For example, AAC Cameron VB was assigned an ‘Intermediate’ rating to FHB at registration. However, the study shows this variety has the lowest mean FDK and DON when compared to all other CWRS wheat varieties tested. As the researchers say:

“It is important to evaluate disease resistance of varieties pre- and post-registration. Multi-year multi-site data will increase accuracy in predicting variety reaction to FHB.”

See how the varieties stack up. The full comparison chart of all the CWRS varieties tested is included below (click to make larger).



Midge Tolerant Wheat Investment Pays Off

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Research & Development

Midge Tolerant Wheat is an innovation with a great return on investment. This finding comes from a cost-benefit analysis report prepared for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC). According to program evaluation experts, Ference and Company, the net benefits of the Midge Tolerant Wheat innovation is approximately $456 million.

AAFC's Innovation Programs Directorate hired the Vancouver-based consultants to measure the return on investment of the technology. The study puts the development cost of the innovation at $16.3 million, which includes ongoing investment over the next three years.

Ference notes that the net benefits (1997 net present value) of approximately $456 million, result in a benefit cost-ratio of about 37:1. When this cost-benefit analysis is factored in with the other advantages the technology provides, such as eliminating the need for spraying, midge tolerant wheat is truly an innovation that pays.

Click here to read the complete report by Ference & Company Consulting Ltd.

Find out about CANTERRA SEEDS' Midge tolerant varieties: AAC Cameron VB and AC™ Conquer VB


What can you do to prevent Goss Wilt?

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Goss's Wilt is showing up in Manitoba and Alberta. What can you do to stop the disease on your farm?

Goss’s Wilt is a bacterial disease in corn, caused by the bacterium, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Nebraskensis (CMN). It was first found in Nebraska in 1969, and has since spread across the corn-growing regions of the US. In the last decade, the disease has arrived in Canada.

The first case of Goss’s Wilt in Manitoba was reported in 2009 near Roland. Since then, the disease has been spreading, and has been reported in more areas each year. In 2015, 35 of 64 inspected fields tested positive for the disease.



Goss’s Wilt was also been detected in Alberta in 2013. According to a report by Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, 6 samples tested positive for the disease in that year. The report explains “Goss’s wilt represents a significant threat to the expanding corn industry in Alberta, particularly where susceptible corn varieties predominate.”



The Goss’s Wilt pathogen enters the plant through wounds from sand blasting, strong winds and/or hail. Foliar symptoms include water soaked plant lesions, which give a freckled appearance to the leaves. The lesions may also exude a sticky substance, which when dry, gives a shiny appearance to the surface of the leaves. Eventually, entire leaves may wilt and die off.

RealAgriculture Corn School: Managing the Spread of Goss’s Wilt in Manitoba

While there has not been a systemic case of Goss’s Wilt found to date, when the disease moves inside the stem of the plant it ultimately dies, potentially causing devastating yield losses.

Corn is susceptible to Goss’s Wilt at any point in the growing season, but infection typically appears in late August or early September.

Because the disease is caused by a bacteria, there is no in-crop treatment for Goss’s Wilt. Best practices for preventing the disease include:

  1. Crop Rotations. Rotation management is key to preventing the disease, as it survives on corn stubble. The disease is found on both grain and silage corn, but growers planting corn year after year on the same land may find the disease more prevalent. More stubble on the field can result in adding more inoculum to the field.
  2. Growing tolerant varieties. Hybrid resistance is becoming one of the best methods for managing the disease. PRIDE Seeds hybrids have some of the strongest ratings in the industry.

At PRIDE Seeds commercial and pre-commercial hybrids are subjected to multiple tests to rate their reaction to the major regional corn stresses. Goss’s Wilt trials are performed by inoculating the plant by placing the bacteria on wounds made on the leaves – much like occurs in nature.  Hybrids are rated in replicated trials, in multiple locations, and over several years.  The ratings represent the reaction under medium-high disease pressure on a 1 to 9 scale where:

Rating Disease Placement
9 No disease Okay in all adapted areas
8 Trace disease Okay in all adapted areas
7 Moderately resistant Generally okay with moderate risk of some yield loss under high disease pressure
6 Moderately tolerant Avoid corn-on-corn and higher disease pressure areas
5 Susceptible Not recommended in even moderate Goss pressure
4 Highly susceptible Avoid areas where Goss's Wilt has occured

The Goss's Wilt Ratings for PRIDE Seeds Hybrids are some of the best on the market:

PRIDE Seed Hybrid Goss's Wilt Rating
A5095G2 7.9
A5433G3 7.6
A4705HMRR 7.1
AS1047RR EDF 6.9
A4939G2 6.9
A4631G2 6.8
A4199G2 6.4
A4415G2 5.9
A4177G3 5.0


This trial at Pitura Seeds in Domain, MB, shows the resistance of A4939G2 compared to 39V09 from Pioneer. 


Final yield results can be found here 

1: Goss’s wilt distribution in Manitoba,
2: First Report of Goss’s Bacterial Wilt and Leaf Blight on Corn Caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis in Alberta, Canada,


You have a part to play in keeping Canada’s export markets open

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The message from Cereals Canada and the Canola Council is clear - YOU have a part to play in keeping Canada's export markets open. 

Here are some guidelines you can closely follow so we can deliver on our commitments as an industry. To learn more, visit



It is as simple as applying for the right reason, at the right time, with the right rate and in the right place.  Only apply pesticides registered for use on your crop type, and always follow the rates and timing listed on the label. Stick to the pre‑harvest interval (PHI). The PHI (or Spray to Swath Interval) is the number of days that must pass between the last application of a pesticide and swathing or straight combining.

It is also critical to recognize that spraying fall-applied product outside label recommendations, could lead to market problems down the road. Applying product too early when the kernels are immature not only impacts your yield, it may result in higher than accepted residue levels in the harvested seed and/or a loss of quality.

Read your labels carefully and check out the provincial Guides to Crop Protection or consult your local provincial agronomist for more information.

EXAMPLE: Glyphosate

  • Only spray glyphosate when the crop is 30% or less moisture, in the least mature area of the field. The stem at the base of the head will have lost its green color and a thumbnail imprint will remain in the kernel.
  • Wait 7 – 14 days before harvesting.


All herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and growth regulators must be registered for use by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency before farmers can apply the product on-farm in Canada. Canada sets maximum residue limits (MRLs) on a crop-by-crop basis. In some cases, a product is registered in Canada without a maximum residue limit (MRL) established in our major export markets. This means that cereal crops treated with these pesticides may not be in compliance with the regulations of the importing country. In addition, customers may have their own restrictions that must be considered before using a particular product.

  • Have a crop input plan and consult your crop input provider to know your requirements and the grain end- use before planting.
  • Check that your buyer accepts grain treated with the pesticides used (e.g. glyphosate on malt barley or oats).
  • Ensure that the grain will meet the export requirements in the destination country.


Best practices in cereal storage will help avoid the downgrading of your grain due to cross-contamination, chemical residues, loss of vigour or the formation of harmful mycotoxins such as OTA. OTA forms during storage of grains at higher moistures and is a potent toxin. A number of countries have strict regulations for residues in food and feed.

  • Make sure your storage bins are free of treated seed (which contains pesticides) and animal protein like blood meal and bone meal.
  • Clean bins thoroughly prior to storing grain and only use approved bin treatments (like diatomaceous earth).
  • Ensure that crops are harvested or dried to a level safe for storage.
  • Keep grain in a bin that is cool, dry and well ventilated to avoid spoilage and insect issues.
  • Check storage units regularly for heating, spoilage, insect infestations or other storage problems.


Fusarium head blight (FHB) has become increasingly prevalent in Western Canada causing yield and quality losses. Tolerances are set very low because of the production of harmful mycotoxins, the most common being deoxynivalenol, (i.e. DON or vomitoxin). In many cases, disease-tolerant varieties are not available or only have limited resistance so it important to use multiple agronomic practices to reduce infection.

Disease Management Practices

FHB infection is initiated by spores being released from infected residue or stubble. Follow these practices to keep FHB from impacting yield and profitability, and to reduce the presence of FHB on seed.

  • Scout fields regularly for disease symptoms and prevalence. Having this information will allow you to determine the effectiveness of your management plan.
  • Maintain a break between cereal crops to allow time for crop residue to decompose. Practice a rotation away from cereal crops for at least one year, preferably two years and avoid planting adjacent to fields that were affected by FHB the previous year.
  • Plant clean seed, preferably certified seed that has documented good quality. This is the first step in keeping your field clean. Have your seed tested to determine if it is of sufficient quality and if a seed treatment is needed.
  • There are currently no varieties with true resistance to FHB; however, cereals vary in their susceptibility. Within the wheat classes there are varieties that have improved resistance. Barley is less susceptible than wheat, but can still develop significant levels of FHB. Overall, oats are the least susceptible to FHB, but because they are often used for food processing, there is a lower tolerance for fusarium damaged kernels (FDK).
  • Consider applying a fungicide when there is elevated risk of FHB based on crop growth stage and weather conditions, wet conditions during flowering and head emergence pose the highest risk.
  • Chopping straw into smaller pieces and the uniform spreading of straw may help to promote the decomposition of infested crop residues.
  • Control grassy weeds that may harbour FHB between cereal crop years.


When you sign a Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your grain is of the class to which you declare and correctly states whether your grain may contain residues of any crop input product that is specified in the Declaration. It is important to be clear that a declaration signed by a producer is a legally binding document. Any intentional or unintentional mistake in declaration traced back through retained samples will expose individuals and their farms to significant liability. We raise these concerns to ensure that individual producers and the reputation of Canadian export sales are each protected and preserved.

Click here to download a pdf flyer of this information


David Hansen Named Chair of Cereals Canada

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David Hansen is helping ensure a bright future for the Canadian cereals sector.

After sitting on the board of directors of Cereals Canada since its inception two years ago, CANTERRA SEEDS President and Chief Executive Officer David Hansen has been named the new chair of Canada’s cereals value chain organization.

Cereals Canada held its annual general meeting on April 11, electing a new board that will guide the organization for the next 24 months.

“It’s an exciting time — there’s a big focus being put on cereals now,” Hansen says. “It’s an important crop for the farmers in Western Canada. The global demand for high-quality grain is only going to continue to evolve.”

The mission of Cereals Canada is to enhance the competitiveness of the Canadian cereals industry by providing leadership on behalf of the value chain to key initiatives of common and strategic interest, including innovation, market development and advocacy.

Hansen comes to the roll of chairman with a lot of experience under his belt. He’s an industry veteran, his passion for cereals having taken him across Canada and internationally. He believes it’s crucial to play an active role serving the industry he loves so much.

“We have to do our part and stand in when we’re needed,” he says. “Everyone who works in this industry in whatever capacity plays an important role in ensuring its long-term success.”

Cereals Canada was created in response to the end of the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly in 2012. The cereals industry needed to create a new leadership organization that would focus on some of the key roles that had been previously filled by the CWB, like market development and research direction.

Enter Cereals Canada. Its creation two years ago was an opportunity for the industry to guide the growth and development of Canadian cereals research, production and market outreach and support — and Hansen looks forward to helping that continue.

“We’re a young organization. We have to continue working to establish Cereals Canada within the country, to be seen and appreciated as having a leadership role in the cereals industry. That’s important at the federal and provincial government levels. It takes work and time to build and establish those relationships,” he says.

Wheat is a huge part of CANTERRA SEEDS business, Hansen notes, and a hugely important crop in Canada and around the world.

In late 2015, Cereals Canada began its new crop missions, meeting with customers of Canadian wheat from Canada as well as in 20 countries. This is the second year that Cereals Canada has partnered with the Canadian International Grains Institute and the Canadian Grain Commission to present new crop seminars to customers for the benefit of the value chain, from producers to end users.

According to Hansen, Cereals Canada is working to ensure cereal crops are given the same attention as other classes of crops.

“Cereals haven’t had the level of investment that crops like corn, soybeans and canola had over the past number of decades,” Hansen says. “The cereals industry is really focusing on genetics and varietal development — all those factors will contribute to creating a high-value, competitive crop for producers.”

While there are some challenges ahead, Hansen is confident the industry will tackle them head-on and ensure a vibrant Canadian cereals sector. He’s encouraged by recent legislation — like Bill C-18 — that strengthens Canada’s intellectual property framework and helps cereal breeders create new cultivars that will provide the industry with valuable new traits that it’s looking for.

“There will be challenges around grain transportation and environmental issues, but the reality is Canada is very well positioned to be a known and competitive provider of high-quality cereals for the global market,” he says.

Learn more about Cereals Canada here.


Canary seed, Not Just For The Birds, Anymore

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canary seed

Traditionally, canary seed in Canada has been used exclusively as birdseed. This changed in January, when Health Canada and the USDA approved the cereal crop for human consumption.

The Canaryseed Development Commission of Saskatchewan funded the research of food scientist Carol Ann Patterson, who led the work necessary for food approval. Patterson conducted extensive compositional, nutritional and toxicological work on glabrous (hairless) canary seed varieties. This research was also backed by the work of Dr. Pierre Hucl, the canary seed breeder at the University of Saskatchewan, whose breeding of glabrous varieties opened the door for food approval. In addition, his team did the initial analysis to show CDC Maria, the first glabrous variety, was similar to other cereal grains.

The Development Commission is also working to get expanded registration for crop protection products that are important to canary seed production. Many of the herbicides used on canary seed for birdseed, do not automatically have their registration extended for food use.

To date, the canary seed market has been limited by the size of the market for birdseed. With the novel food approval, it is expected the market will grow. A key feature of canary seed for human consumption is the fact that it is gluten free.

Canary seed flour can be used to make bread, cookies, cereal and pastas. Whole seeds can also be used in a number of applications. "Gluten free" is the fastest growing food intolerance category in Canada1, and the global gluten-free market is projected to reach US$6.2 billion by 20182. The market is expected to slow in its growth by 2016, but even so, the demand for “gluten free” is a legitimate trend. While canary seed is gluten free, people with allergies to wheat may also be allergic to a protein found in canary seed. Products with canary seed will need to be labelled as such.

CDC Calvi, a new glabrous canary seed variety from CANTERRA SEEDS, is now available to farmers. Its impressive yield results (127% of CDC Maria) are creating a lot of interest, and seed supplies may be tight. You can visit to find a supplier near you.

Is it canaryseed or canary seed? Both! Canary seed is used for human food approval, while The Canaryseed Development Commission of SK is registered with just one word used for the crop.

1 = Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2013): Food Intolerance Products in the United States: Lactose-free, Gluten-free and Diabetic Food. Market Analysis Report.

2 = MarketsandMarkets (2013): Gluten-Free Products Market By Type (Bakery & Confectionery, Snacks, Breakfast Cereals, Baking Mixes & Flour, Meat & Poultry Products), Sales Channel (Natural & Conventional) & Geography — Global Trends & Forecasts to 2018.


My Top Five Reasons to Work At CANTERRA SEEDS

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About us

Last week I received a call asking me to write a blog about what it’s like to be part of the CANTERRA SEEDS family. I am more than happy to share my experience with you!

I was attracted to the CANTERRA SEEDS for many reasons but here are my top five:

  1. Culture – we are a “team” in every sense of the word and genuinely care about our each other both professionally and personally. We are “brothers and sisters” – we are family. I love the grassroots story of how CANTERRA SEEDS was started almost 20 years ago by a visionary group of 9 pedigreed seed growers who wanted access to global genetics. Today we have 175 Seed Grower shareholders and our CANTERRA SEEDS family extends to our investors, breeding partners, end users, distributors and retailers. That is team!
  2. People – so it didn’t hurt that I had previously worked together with a few members of the CANTERRA SEEDS family and I truly enjoy them (Duane Ransome and Rick Love)! Looking around, I quickly realized I was surrounded by a great team that is knowledgeable, trustworthy and experienced. Adding it up, we have over 500 years of agribusiness experience amongst our team of 27. That is powerful!
  3. Size – a small to mid-sized company was attractive to me as I knew I would be empowered to make quick business decisions and we would not get bogged down in bureaucracy as so many larger companies do. With a head office in Winnipeg (not somewhere in Europe) and an extremely competent team in the field we are in touch with the needs of Western Canadian growers. I like being nimble and empowered to act!
  4. Products – prior to joining CANTERRA SEEDS I really didn’t know much about our canola or pedigreed seed product line up. After doing some research and reviewing the Alberta Yield magazine, the agronomist in me quickly realized, “hey, these guys have some great varieties that I can really stand behind.” Since I’ve started we’ve launched three new canola varieties and also have eight new wheat, barley, flax, pea and canary seed varieties hitting the market. We’ve also entered into the corn and soybean business through our partner PRIDE Seeds. Exciting times!
  5. Strategic Vision & Focus – As I learned more about CANTERRA SEEDS I quickly realized this is a company that will continue to grow and expand for the benefit of Western Canadian growers. We are a passionate group with clear direction and single focus on seed. Over the last few months we’ve attracted a major investment by Limagrain and had several announcements in cereal research and development that will advance genetics that work here in Western Canada. That is progress!

Throughout my 25-year agribusiness career I have remained passionate about helping Canadian agribusiness compete and thrive in the global marketplace. I am honoured to have found a home with my CANTERRA SEEDS family as I feel our team shares this passion and dedication and is committed to meeting the business needs of our extended CANTERRA SEEDS family.


CANTERRA SEEDS & Limagrain ANNOUNCE The Launch of Limagrain Cereals Research Canada

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Limagrain Cereals Research Canada will harvest the best research, the most innovative technologies and the best germplasm from partnerships, new and existing, including Limagrain’s global resources, and deliver those benefits to the Western Canadian farmer.

We are celebrating a great achievement at CANTERRA SEEDS – one that has taken many years of negotiation, required a number of legislative pieces to fall into place and the building of a relationship with a global leader in cereal breeding.  No small achievement for a company started by a group of entrepreneurial seed growers 19 years ago.  With the launch of Limagrain Cereals Research Canada Thursday July 2, 2015, the board and management of CANTERRA SEEDS have concluded what they see as a necessary and desirable development in the evolution of CANTERRA SEEDS as a seed distribution company.

Being in the seed business in Western Canada has meant negotiating many system-wide changes recently, starting with the removal of the CWB monopoly to the changes ushered in this year in the omnibus Agricultural Growth Act.

Key for the creation of Limagrain Cereals Research Canada was the modernization of our Plant Breeders’ Rights Act.  Now, plant breeders are afforded expanded intellectual property protection rights as outlined in the 1991 International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants or UPOV ’91 as we’ve come to know it.   But only if they  choose those protections, because PBR remains a voluntary process. 

Thanks to The Agricultural Growth Act, a new world of wheat has opened up for Canadian grain farmers. New investment is going to bring new sources of genetics, with the promise of improved agronomic qualities, disease resistance and better end-use characteristics.

The business of producing, and growing cereal varieties will become more profitable for the entire value chain, especially for farmers.

Our company, CANTERRA SEEDS, has been in the business of providing farmers of western Canada with elite varieties of wheat, barley, oats, peas, and canola for the last 19 years. We are able to accomplish this through our partnerships with numerous public and private seed developers from around the world, including the key public breeding programs including those at the Crop Development Centre in Saskatoon and Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada and Alberta Agriculture and Forestry

With the opportunities presented by the Agricultural Growth Act, CANTERRA SEEDS and Limagrain from France, have leveraged our existing partnership and established a new joint venture cereal seed research and development company that will contribute to the advancement of cereals for Western Canada. 

Limagrain Cereals Research Canada will harvest the best research, the most innovative technologies and the best germplasm from partnerships, new and existing, including Limagrain’s global resources, and deliver those benefits to the Western Canadian farmer.   This is the right time and the right place for this to happen.

This new company will provide Western Canadian farmers with access to a broader and more diverse portfolio of cereal varieties, with the intent to help improve their bottom lines.  This new company will be led by Dr. Erin Armstrong as Chief Executive Officer.  Dr. Armstrong will split her time between this new role as Limagrain Cereals Research Canada grows and her existing role on the senior management team at CANTERRA SEEDS.  Likewise, Limagrain Cereals Research Canada’s new VP of Research, Jim Peterson, will split his time with his very similar duties at Limagrain Cereal Seeds in the U.S.

Limagrain is CANTERRA SEEDS’ partner in this new joint venture.  Limagrain is an international cooperative group created and directed by French farmers that moves agriculture forward to meet food challenges. As a creator and producer of plant and cereal varieties, the Limagrain markets seeds and cereal products intended for farmers, growers, home gardeners and for agri-food industrialists and consumers.  It is the fourth largest seed company in the world (field seeds and vegetable seeds), the European leader for functional flours, and the No. 1 French industrial baker, all with strong brands in their markets.

As part of the deal, Limagrain is also making a significant investment in CANTERRA SEEDS.  This is a vote of confidence in this company, its board of directors, management team and vision. 

This new company will provide Western Canadian farmers with access to a broader and more diverse portfolio of cereal varieties, with the intention to help improve their bottom lines.

Click here to read the full news release

It's an exciting time to be in agriculture in Western Canada, and it’s only just beginning.


Getting The Facts on PBR

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As of February 27, 2015, all new varieties granted Plant Breeders’ Rights (PBR) will be protected under Canada’s new Plant Breeders’ Rights legislation. As the industry adapts to the new regulations, there will be questions about what it really means, operationally, for various participants in the value chain. 

The Canadian Seed Trade Association (CSTA), of which CANTERRA SEEDS is a member, launched PBR Facts website. This website was created by CSTA with input from the Plant Breeders’ Rights Office at the CFIA and from intellectual property specialists. It is meant to inform those stakeholders along the value chain who need to be aware of the new requirements created by the expanded breeder’s right.

The site contains specific and focused information for farmers, seed retailers, seed conditioners and buyers of harvested material (grain). It also has a page dedicated to questions and answers and will give access to fact sheets, presentations and other material designed to inform and build awareness. All of that material and the logos are available from CSTA. You can request the material through the website, or directly from CSTA. 

CANTERRA SEEDS and CSTA encourage anyone who is looking for a better understanding of what these new regulations mean to the industry to explore the new website. The goal is to ensure that everyone have the opportunity to understand and comply with the requirements of the new PBR environment.


A Big Day For Canadian Agriculture

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David Hansen, President and CEO of CANTERRA SEEDS, today had the opportunity to congratulate the Government of Canada for its work in modernizing the Canadian regulatory environment as the Agriculture Growth Act (Bill C-18) was passed into law yesterday.  Impacting nine existing Acts, this omnibus bill will work to bring Canada into conformity with the global international plant breeders' rights standards contained in UPOV-91, of particular interest to the seed industry.
"This is an historic day for Canada, for agriculture and for CANTERRA SEEDS. We are going to see more innovation and investment, improved seed genetics and a broader selection of varieties available for producers as a result of the changes that have been made," Hansen said.  “CANTERRA SEEDS hosted Minister Ritz as he announced the introduction of this legislation back in December 2013 and we are incredibly proud to host him once again to announce its passing into the statute books today.” 

Representatives from over 25 organizations, across the cereals value chain and including farmers, were present at CANTERRA SEEDS to welcome the Minister’s formal announcement about the status of the Agriculture Growth Act, Bill C-18.



The changes contained within the Agriculture Growth Act will strengthen Canadian agriculture, level the playing field internationally and make investment here a much more attractive option, particularly in plant breeding.  “Farmers will be the beneficiaries of the increased investments that are going to happen,” says Hansen.  “They will have access to varieties with better agronomics, better disease resistance and higher yield potential.  They will share in the overall success of the seed industry as an integral part of that value chain.” 

“I guarantee we will start to see positive change as a result of the passing of Bill C-18 and I personally want to thank Minister Ritz for his support of these important changes to our industry.”


CS2000 Brings New Clubroot Resistance to Farmers

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Earlier today, CANTERRA SEEDS officially launched CS2000, a new clubroot resistant hybrid. While there are a number of clubroot resistant hybrids currently on the market, CS2000 offers something completely new for growers.

Clubroot was first found in central Alberta more than a decade ago. The spread of the soil-borne disease has been prolific, and was reported in more than 1,800 fields in 36 counties since it was first discovered. Management practices include knocking soil off vehicles leaving fields, cleaning equipment, planting resistant varieties and extending canola rotations in clubroot areas. Despite these efforts, the spread of the disease seems to be continuing, as it was confirmed in four new Alberta municipalities last year. Isolated incidents of clubroot have also been found in Saskatchewan, Manitoba and North Dakota.

The clubroot resistant trait has been available in canola varieties since 2009, and has quickly become one of the most important clubroot management tools used by farmers. However, in 2013, a new virulent strain of clubroot was found in a field north of Edmonton. The new 5x pathotype is causing concern, as work by Dr. Stephen Strelkov from the University of Alberta identified that all western Canadian varieties are susceptible to the new strain of the disease.

But that is all about to change.

CS2000, which will be available to growers this spring, will have the most comprehensive clubroot resistance package on the market. In replicated greenhouse trials, Strelkov confirmed that CS2000 has resistance to the pathotypes 2, 3, 5, 6 and 8. In addition, CS2000 exhibited an intermediate reaction to a new strain of the pathogen that has the ability to overcome currently used sources of resistance (pathotype 5x, identified in central Alberta). Strelkov also added that he has not seen this level of resistance in any other canola varieties, and is encouraged by this result.

CS2000 will be the first canola on the market to offer any level of resistance to 5x, and could prove an important management tool for growers. The variety also has excellent yields, standability and agronomic characteristics.